Essay on Poverty On The Rise

This essay has a total of 854 words and 4 pages.

Poverty On The Rise

poverty on the rise
By: Anonymous

There is a very wide range of income for individuals and families. This is why we have
people that are very wealthy which are referred to as the upper class and there is the
middle class that makes an average income, and the bottom of the income bracket lies the
people in poverty. Poverty is a condition in which a person or family does not have the
means to satisfy basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, and transportation. Your race
does not matter, every race has people that are in poverty. But as it is statistically
shown, different races have a different number of people in poverty. In 1996, the federal
government established a minimum income level below which a person or family is declared
in "poverty." If a single person makes less than $7,995 then they are living in poverty,
and a family has to exceed $16,036 or are also in poverty. From 1996 to 1997 the poverty
rate has decreased by .4% In 1996, there was 36.5 million people at the poverty level and
in 1997 the number of people in poverty decreased to 35.6 million people. Since a decade
ago the poverty level has increased from 32.4 million people to as high as 39.3 million in
1993, but since 1993 the number of people living in poverty has decreased to 35.6 million
people. The percent of the population a decade ago below the poverty was 13.1%, which has
increases up to 15.1% but here recently the poverty rate is back down to 13.3% Gentry-2
Since the previous year the poverty rate was lower by .4% for the general population. The
poverty rate of children under the age of eighteen has also decreased by .6%. The black
poverty rate decreased the most from 28.4% to 26.5%. The Asians and Pacific Islanders had
a decrease in their poverty rate by .5%. The whites had the smallest decrease out of all
races because they decreased only by .2%. There are many different factors that contribute
to the decreasing of the poverty rates, from the decrease of the unemployment to the
decrease in government income maintenance programs. A lot of the poverty population is
made up of income-maintenance programs. I would like to talk about few of the programs
that the government offers for people in poverty. Social insurance programs is the first.
There are many different types to the social insurance program. The first two are OASDHI
and Medicare. OASDHI is also known as social security, which replaces wages lost after
retirement. Medicare provides hospital insurance for the elderly and disabled. The third
type is unemployment compensation which allows workers that are unemployed for a while to
collect thirty-five percent of their lost wages. The second program is Pubic Assistance.
The first type is Supplemental Security Income(SSI) this program allows disabled people to
receive a minimum income. Aid to Families with Dependent Children(AFDC) and Medicaid
usually are linked together. Medicaid will pay for hospital bills. AFDC provides certain
families with children financial support. Medicaid is also offered to SSI recipiances. The
food stamp program is the last type. It provides Americans with coupons that can be used
for food. The government spends about 736 billion of its dollars on these different types
of programs. Gentry-3 The government provides people in poverty that are in the public
assistance programs with three different plans. They are supposed to help able-bodied,
nonretired individuals get out of poverty. The three different plans have many different
conflicts. Some of the conflicts are that the government is paying too much money out to
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