Argumentative Essay on Poverty

This essay has a total of 1960 words and 8 pages.

poverty

essay is about handling the stress of University studies. We will be looking into many
ideas and different people¹s views on how to handle stress. I will also be giving my own
opinions on how I think stress can be controlled or relieved. The first thing we must do
is ask ourselves one very important question, ³what is stress²?

WHAT IS STRESS?
According to an Australian born physician, Hans Selye (1979), stress is the nonspecific
response of the body to any demand made upon it. The body responds in many ways. One is to
the loss of blood and the other is to the lack of sleep. Both of these are nonspecific
responses, however all demands made on the body evoke generalised, nonspecific responses.
For example, they all unable you to concentrate as would normally be expected, they
activate one¹s sympathetic nervous system, and they also increase the amount of the
hormone epinephrine that is being released into your body. When people say they¹ve been
under going alot of stress they are usually referring to a couple of unpleasant
experiences. Now that we have an idea on what stress is the next question we should ask
ourselves is ³what is or can cause stress².

CAUSES OF STRESS
There are many different things that cause stress. One may be if you have a big term paper
due and you want to do your best to impress your seminar leader. Another may be peer or
family related. All in all it is things, events, situations, and people that cause stress.
It is how we perceive them that will determine whether or not stress will be a result from
the encounter. Not only negative situations are the cause of stress. Joy and happiness can
also cause stress even though they are positive. In a sense, it is we then who choose our
own stressors. Selye noted that with the absence of stress there is death. Current
researchers are also discovering that too little stress may be a major cause of depression
or boredom. It is therefore up to us to choose the best

Handling Stress
#
stressors and the optimal level of stress. Since we have now begun to understand the
definition of stress as well as the causes we now ask ourselves ³what can I do to control
my stress²?

CONTROLLING STRESS
There have been many studies done on the managements of stress. One group of researchers
found out that many university students tended to gain weight their first year away from
home. These ³students stated they overate in response to the many life-style changes and
varying stresses of the university environment (Journal of College Student Personnel)².
This group of students were placed in stress management sessions. These sessions included
overall stress assessment, assertiveness training, time management, exploration of
stressful thoughts or belief systems, and life-style and stress reducers. The main focus
of these sessions were: a) how to manage stress by using things other than food and b) how
to apply stress management principles to the amount of food you take in. The majority of
these students found better ways to manage or control their stress by using more healthful
outlets, such as walking or taking up a sport.

During the last twenty years disease prevention and health promotion have been found to be
related to the development of healthy life-style behaviour and the management of stress.
The course entitled ³ Psychology and the Management of Stress: Theory and Application²
(Personnel and Guidance Journal), has been set up to: a) acquaint students with theory and
research related to stress management techniques b) to provide guidance and information
about diet, physical exercise, and other matters of a healthy life-style and c) to provide
an opportunity for students to learn and practice how to apply stress management to their
present lives. Each


Handling Stress
# course is developed around four dimensions. Two of these are, ³the influences of diet,
physical exercise, and alcohol, drug, and cigarette use on stress and physical health²,
and ³principles related to effective time management². These courses have been proven to
be highly effective. The stages in which the students are taught are as follows: a) the
students are asked to identify the stressors b) they are asked how they experience and
cope with them c) they are asked how they would like to manage them d) they are then told
more effective ways to manage their stressors e) they are asked whether it was effective
or not f) how they plan to continue to maintain their new behaviour and g) habits they
want to change.

Most studies indicate that social support holds an impact on stress. For example, in a
30-year longitudinal study of undergraduate college students, Valliant (1974) found a
significant and positive correlation between supportive family environments and adult
psychological adjustment in later life (Journal of College Student Personnel). Social
support is a good way to help the handling of stress for it is the number of others that
one can turn to. That available support system is a lean to for people as they can get
others to help in their management of stress.

Another study was done where eleven junior college students who received ³success-stress
management² training exhibited less stress and higher grade point averages than an equal
number who received ³success² group training (Journal of College Student Personnel). As
well multicomponent strategies employing cognitive restructuring and relaxation have been
found to be highly effective in treating the worry and emotionally stressed with test
anxiety. A number of studies have shown that low achievers seem to experience more anxiety
than high achievers and that they appear to lack good healthy study skills and habits.
Borkovec, Grayson, and Cooper (1978) found that 1/5 of a group of college students
reported feeling tense during at least 50%

Handling Stress
Continues for 4 more pages >>




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