Prostate Cancer Essay

This essay has a total of 999 words and 6 pages.

Prostate Cancer

Moiz Bhinderwala
Class A, Mr. Haight

What is cancer of the prostate?

Cancer of the prostate, a common form of cancer, is a disease in which cancer (malignant)
cells are found in the prostate. The prostate is one of the male sex glands and is located
just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate is about the size of a
walnut. It surrounds part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to
the outside of the body. The prostate makes fluid that becomes part of the semen, the
white fluid that contains sperm. Cancer of the prostate is found mainly in older men. As
you get older, your prostate may get bigger and block the urethra or bladder, which can
cause you to have difficulty urinating or may interfere with sexual functions. This
condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and although it is not cancer, you
may need surgery to correct it. The symptoms of BPH or of other problems in the prostate
may be similar to symptoms for prostate cancer. Following are common symptoms of prostate
cancer: weak or interrupted flow of urine, urinating often (especially at night),
difficulty urinating, pain or burning when you urinate, blood in the urine, or nagging
pain in the back, hips, or pelvis. Often there are no symptoms of early cancer of the

Samuel R. Denmeade, American Association for Cancer Research}

Stage Explanation: Judd W. Moul, Monographs in Urology 1995}

- Stages of cancer of the prostate:

Once cancer of the prostate has been found (diagnosed), tests can be done to find out if
cancer cells have spread from the prostate to tissues around it or to other parts of the
body. This is called "staging." It is very important to know the stage of the disease to
plan treatment.

The following stages are used for cancer of the prostate:-

Stage I (A)
Prostate cancer at this stage cannot be felt and causes no symptoms. The cancer is only in
the prostate and usually is found accidentally when surgery is done for other reasons,
such as for BPH. Cancer cells may be found in only one area of the prostate or they may be
found in many areas of the prostate.

Stage II (B)
The tumor may be shown by a blood test or felt in the prostate during a rectalexam, but
the cancer cells are found only in the prostate gland.

Stage III (C)
Cancer cells have spread outside the covering (capsule) of the prostate to tissues around
the prostate. The glands that produce semen (the seminal vesicles) may have cancer in

Stage IV (D)
Cancer cells have spread (metastasized) to lymph nodes (near or far from the prostate) or
to organs and tissues far away from the prostate such as the bone, liver, or lungs.

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