Psychology in 2008 Essay

This essay has a total of 1114 words and 6 pages.


Psychology in 2008





Psychology in 2008

“The roots of psychology can be traced back through centuries. Cave men and cave women
probably wondered why each behaved as they did. Since at least the time of Socrates, Plato
and Aristotle in ancient Greece, psychological topics have inspired lively curiosity”
(Bernstein, 6). In 1879, founded by Wilhelm Wundt the science of psychology was born.
Since then psychology has been and always will be an ever-growing scientific field.

In a field that focuses around human thought processes and behavior there will always be
opportunities available and as long as there is human consciousness the world will need
psychologists. Psychology offers so many different opportunities to someone interested in
pursuing a career in the field. From research and market analysis to statistical
information collection to clinical psychology the opportunities are endless. In coming
years psychology will prove to be a stable field to base a career in.

In the year 2008, there will be many job opportunities available in the field of
psychology, with “approximately a twenty-one to thirty-five percent growth rate in job
openings” (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 152). “Employment in professional specialty
occupations is projected to grow the fastest and increase more—by 5.3 million workers—than
any other major group over the 1998–2008 period” (Braddock, 52). Among the occupations
that fall within this category are counselors, mental health service providers,
statisticians, analysts and teachers.

Persons holding a doctorate’s degree in psychology have the greatest chances for placement
in the field. Positions ranging from clinical psychologist to educational psychologists
are available to them. Most of the growth will occur in universities and businesses that
offer counseling services. Job opportunities for educational psychologists will also
become more available due to the need for professors and researchers. Businesses will
begin to hire more psychologists, as well. And business will not only continue to use the
skills of a psychologist to examine research and statistical information about the market,
they will also begin to hire psychologists for the sole purpose of helping their employees
deal with personal issues that may interfere with productivity. Clinical aspects of
psychology will also open doors for prospective practitioners. Mental health clinics are
always in need of professionals. With the rising trend of substance abuse and the never
ceasing existence of mental illness, outpatient services in hospitals and drug abuse
clinics will account for most of in-field growth (BLS, 152). In many hospitals, the number
of patients greatly outweighs the number of psychologist, which leads to insufficient or
improper care of patients. With drug abuse, patients need just as much and sometimes even
more attention then those who are mentally ill. Rehabilitation requires more than just
abstaining from using a substance, many times it takes years and years of counseling to
prevent a relapse from occurring. Psychologists help with rehabilitation by assisting the
patient in finding out their motives for using and abusing substances in the first place.

Those holding a masters degree can find openings that involve non-clinical aspects of the
field. In the industrial-organizational field jobs with big businesses and manufacturing
corporations will become available. Comfort has become an issue when making products,
therefore psychologists will be asked to consult on design production and ergonomics.
Schools psychologists will also find new opportunities thanks to the growth of schools and
the increase in school enrollments. According to the National Center for Education
Statistics “secondary school enrollments are expected to increase through the year 2007”
to almost 20 million students per year, as a result schools will begin to offer more
counseling services to students (chart 1 187).

Those who have only a bachelor’s degree will have more difficulty than higher degree
holders, however, opportunities are available but limited. Such a degree holder is
qualified for careers in private companies and universities. “Some may find jobs as
assistants in rehabilitation centers, or in other jobs involving data collection and
analysis. Those who meet State certification requirements may become high school
psychology teachers” (BLS, 152).

Continues for 3 more pages >>




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