Psychology of Homophobia Essays and Papers

This essay has a total of 1424 words and 8 pages.

Psychology of Homophobia

Psychology of Homophobia/Sexual Prejudice

Society began to rethink homosexuality in the 1960's when heterosexual psychologist
George Weinberg coined the term "homophobia." Weinberg used the term to label
heterosexuals' fear of being in contact of homosexuals as well as the self-loathing of
homosexuals, meaning that homosexuals hated themselves for being gay. As of the new
millennium, there has been a new special term that has been born to define the fear, hate
and disgust that people show towards anyone's sexual orientation called "sexual
prejudice." Like other types of prejudice, there are three main principals that surround
sexual prejudice: it is an attitude, it is directed at social groups and its members, and
it is negative as involving hostility or dislike. As time goes by there has been differing
perspectives on sexual prejudice (homophobia).

In an interview with Karen Franklin, a forensic psychologist and former criminal
investigator, which was conducted by PBS's program "FRONTLINE," reveals her interest and
perspective on anti-gay hate crimes that relate to homophobia. Franklin has interviewed
multiple perpetrators of anti-gay hate crimes and with San Francisco Bay Area College
students that has lead to the production of important data of the nature and extent to the
negative reactions to gays.

When Karen Franklin was asked, "What makes a person become a gay basher?" she answered,
"there is no simple answer to that question." Franklin explains that for a person to
commit any violent act one must have had something influence them to be violent and the
fact that a gay person is being targeted is another motivation. She explains that there
are several motivations for these acts. The first motivation is "peer dynamics," in which
a person tries to prove masculinity, or to prove heterosexuality, or just not to back down
and let one's peers down. The next most common motivation she found was what she called
"anti-gay ideology" in which their reasons for their anti-gay feelings are based on morals
or religion. Another common motivation was that a person might be thrill-seeking and
trying to have a good time at someone else's expense. Franklin states that, in general,
"people are trying to endorse a cultural message that gay people are second class citizens
and are not worthy of respect. Franklin feels that this sexual prejudice is a cultural
problem and that people see gays as the last social acceptable group to assault because it
is no longer acceptable to assault other minorities. Franklin thinks that young people
feel that if gays do not have equal rights they feel that itself is a reason that there is
something wrong with gay people and that it is okay to hurt them.

When Franklin was at the Bay Area College in San Francisco, she found that one in ten
students (non-criminal) reported physically or verbally assaulting gays. Something that
Franklin found quite interesting was that these people claim that it's the gay person's
fault because they feel that gay people are sexual predators and she also said that they
perceive the gays as trying to flirt with them. For some bizarre reason, these people
claim that they feel as if they have a specific duty and the right to punish a gay person
for flirting with them. Franklin says that the results show that young people in school
end up doing drugs, alcohol, quitting school and even suicide because they are not being
accepted in society and they are violating gender norms. For those who did not assault
gays said they wouldn't because they are not violent but still verbally assaulted them.

A study appearing in the August 1996 issue of the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, entitled
Is Homophobia Associated With Homosexual Arousal?, published

By Professor Henry Adams, a member of the American Psychological Association (APA) has
provided new evidence supporting the controversial psychoanalytic theory that homophobia,
the fear, disgust and anxiety heterosexuals hold for gay individuals, is actually the
result of repressed homosexual feelings and urges.

Professor Henry Adams and his colleagues at the University of Georgia conducted a research
experiment involving white heterosexual men, 35 whom were homophobic and 29 whom were
non-homophobic. Al of the men had reported to be heterosexual in arousal and experience.
Each participant was shown how to put on a penile strain gauge, which measures the
circumference of the penis. After the gauge was in place, each man was shown three
4-minute videotapes depicting heterosexual activity, male homosexual activity, and lesbian
activity. The last video of lesbian activity was included due to the idea that most men
have a high interest in lesbian (homosexual) activity.

The researchers found that the homophobic men showed a significant increase in penile
circumference to the male homosexual video where as the non-homophobic men did not. "In
the homophobic group, 20% showed no significant arousal, 26% showed moderate arousal, and
54% showed definite arousal to the homosexual video. In the non-homophobic group, 66%
showed no significant arousal, 10% showed moderate arousal, and 24% showed definite

After the videos were watched, the men were asked to give their own assessment of how the
degree to which they thought they were aroused and the group of men gave answers that
seemed to be close to the results but with one major exception, the homophobic men
underestimated the degree of which they were aroused by the male homosexual video.

Men in both groups were aroused by about the same degree by the video depicting
Continues for 4 more pages >>

  • Discrimination
    Discrimination Discrimination Anthony Koroush Position Paper 13 December 2000 Discrimination Introduction—Discrim ination is going on around the world everyday. Discrimination in any way is wrong. I. It contradicts the Constitution A. The Constitution states, “All men are created equal.” 1. In the 1700’s, blacks were slaves. 2. Three Fifths Compromise: 5 blacks=3whites 3. Hitler killing the Jews 4. Catholics persecuted in Maryland because of religion 5. Rosa Parks riding on bus with whites II. It
  • Equality to all
    Equality to all Equality for All? The question has been raised: who is in control of curriculum in our school? Not just the choosing of the precise books, but who is in charge of the contents of the books that curriculum directors can choose from? Once the answers to these questions are found, what should be done if they point to one group? So many problems in the United States have arisen when the people discover that one group is violating the people’s rights in some way by not allowing others
  • None Provided4
    None Provided4 CHAPTER 32 The tallest tree is the Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) approx 110 m The tallest Angiosperm is the Australian Eucalyptus regnans Water Uptake and transport (Fig. 32.1) = water is essential because: transport solute, cool the body, photosynthesis and Turgor pressure Osmosis- movement of H2) through a semi-impermeable membrane Osmotic potential ( o)-depend on dissolve solute: Hi concentration means more negative o. Isoosmotic-two solution with same o; Hypoosmotic- solution
  • Gender profiling of San Sherpas Yanomamo
    Gender profiling of San Sherpas Yanomamo 1. Gender inequality San Women’s status in Sun community is very high and their influence considerable. They maintain a status that is higher than that women in many societies in the world. Although women may be nearly equal to men, men do seem to have the upper hand. There is no prerogative in relation to the important sources of influence in San society. Since there is no formal leaders or hierarchies, decisions are made on the basis of group consensus.
  • ADA and Psychiatric Disabilities
    ADA and Psychiatric Disabilities THE AMERICAN’S WITH DISABILITIES ACT AND PSYCHIATRIC DISABILITIES Patricia Faye Pierce Professor B. Barnard HRM 527 Spring 1998 Pierce TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1 Orientatio n to Topic 1 Purpose of Study 1 Overview 1 2 EEOC GUIDELINES ON PSYCHIATRIC DISABILITIES 4 Mental Impairments Under the ADA 4 Substantial Impairment 5 Disclosure of Mental Disability 7 Requesting Reasonable Accommodations 8 Selected Types of Reasonable Accommodation 10 Conduct 1
  • CocaCola
    CocaCola History "Coca-Cola enterprises Incorporated, employees 66,199 operates, 444 facilities, 47,235 vehicles, 1.9 million pieces of cold drink equipment and sold 3.8billion unit cases in 46 states in the united states, all 10 provinces of Canada and portions of Europe including Belgium, France, Great Britain, Luxembourg and the Netherlands" (Coca-Cola facts 99). An, Atlanta Pharmacist Dr. John Slyth Pemberton founded Coca-Cola on May 8, 1886. The carmel colored ingredients, Coca leaves and k
  • Managing Diversity
    Managing Diversity Managing diversity in the workplace is a subject that has gained increased attention among managers during the last two decades. After all, the impact of affirmative action and equal employment opportunity programs on the nation\'s work force is undeniable. Women and minorities were the first to dramatically alter the face of the economic mainstream, while gays, persons with disabilities and senior citizens followed not far behind. The result is a diverse American labor force
  • Oral communication
    oral communication Once viewed as two separate disciplines, business and communication, have now meshed together to produce a hybrid business environment in which the everyday functions of business are intimately tied to communication (Pincus, 1997). Communication in the business world is imperative for success. This holds true for interpersonal communication, communication between management and staff, and for practically every other contact a business has, both within its own establishment and
  • Censorship
    Censorship The Internet is a wonderful place of entertainment and education but like all places used by millions of people, it has some murky corners people would prefer children not to explore. In the physical world society as a whole conspires to protect children, but there are no social or physical constraints to Internet surfing. The Internet Censorship Bill of 1995, also known as the Exon/Coats Communications Decency Act, has been introduced in the U.S. Congress. It would make it a criminal
  • Government Censorship
    Government Censorship Thesis: Government Censorship would damage the atmosphere of the freedom to express ideas on the Internet; therefore, government should not encourage censorship. Introduction I. In the Internet community, there is a large volume of technical terms. For this reason, it is first necessary to examine the terminology specific to Internet. 1.The internet is a world wide computer network. 1.Electronic mail (email), which is one component of the Internet, approximates person to pe
  • Hiding behind a Computer
    Hiding behind a Computer Are computers and the Internet redefining human identity as people explore the boundaries of their personalities, adopt multiple selves, and form online relationships that can be more intense than real ones? Is the World Wide Web redefining our sense of community and where we find our peers? The answer is simple. An individual should not use a false identity to produce a life on the Internet. They should also avoid using an online life to influence their identity in real
  • Gay Teens In High School
    Gay Teens In High School GAY TEENAGERS One gay man remembers his high school years as filled with intense loneliness, fear and self-hatred. Another recalls spending every lunch period in a bathroom stall. A lesbian recollects her bottling up all her emotions and silencing all spontaneous gestures, terrified of saying or doing anything to betray her own secret. Unusual memories? Not at all. Most gay people, and many of today’s gay teens in high school, can describe similar tales. In most teenager
  • Dubliners1
    Dubliners1 Dubliners (1914) by James Joyce Introduction Joyce said that in "Dubliners" his intention was "to write a chapter in the moral history of my country and I chose Dublin for the scene because the city seemed to me the centre of paralysis".The 15 stories which make up the collection are studies on the decay and banality of lower middle-class urban life and the paralysis to which Joyce refers is both intellectual and moral.The characters who appear in the stories lead uneventual and frust
  • Life at age 23
    life at age 23 How America should react to homosexuals? How America should react to homosexuals Many experts agree that homosexuality has existed as long as human beings themselves, although the attitude towards them has undergone dramatic changes in some countries. Accepted by many societies during Greek and Roman era, most of the time homosexuals were considered to be sinners against nature and even criminals. In Medieval and modern periods homosexuals were prosecuted. Enlightenment brought so
  • Rated R For Sexual Content
    Rated R For Sexual Content Rated R for Sexual Content In today’s society, no matter what age a person is, there is a common bond that links all generations together, which is sex. Whether it be the sex gender definition we think about or the private and intimate sexual union of two individuals that consists of a male and female. Sex truly has a great impact on our society because it advertises through television commercials of certain products, such as alcoholic beverages, radio commercials, mag
  • The Traveler
    The Traveler ˙ Homosexuality has always and everywhere existed. Nazis considered homosexuality as a tendency that could not be changed. It was assumed that a homosexual orientatio n could not be eliminated, that only its exhibitions could be blocked. The Nazi system was concerned with deviations from the norm, not only in religion and ethnicity, but also sexuality, and attitudes toward it. As part of the Nazis\' attempt to purify German society and create an "Aryan master race," they condemned ho
  • Tv and movie violence
    tv and movie violence Affects of media violence “Nearly four decades of research on television viewing and other media have documented the almost universal exposure of U.S. children to high levels of media violence” (Norris, 187). Violence is a component characteristic of many television programs and unfortunately our lives. Every day we tend to watch news, and every day we hear that people were killed, robbed or tortured. Four out of ten people said that they had been the victims of actual or t
  • Hate Crimes in America
    Hate Crimes in America Hate Crimes In America Did you know that people with blonde hair have low I.Q.s? Or that people less than five feet tall are more likely to spread a disease? How about that people with brown eyes are really worshipers of Satan? That did not sound very logical, did it? No, you know that people with blonde hair can be as smart or as unintelligent as the next person, that short people are not necessarily better hosts to disease, and that people with brown eyes can believe in
  • Gays in the Military
    Gays in the Military GAYS IN THE MILITARY! Lauren Stewart Government 2301 December 7, 200 !GAYS IN THE MILITARY! In 1994 there was a debate at the White House, which wanted to let gays serve in the military openly, yet Congress and the military did not. The compromise protected homosexuals in uniform as long as they didn’t flaunt their sexual orientatio n. In the eighties and nineties, gays have mobilized to seek civil rights protections from the National Government. In the United States, questio
  • Juvenile Psycopaths
    Juvenile Psycopaths Juvenile Psychopaths What is the "super predator"? He or she are young hypercriminals who are committing acts of violence of unprecedentedcoldnes s and brutality. This newest phenomena in the world of crime is perhaps the most dangerous challenge facing society and law enforcement ever. While psychopaths are not new, this breed of super criminal exceeds the scope of psychopathic behavior. They are younger, more brutal, and completely unafraid of the law. While current research
  • Aids and homosexuals misc 12 00 l
    aids and homosexuals misc 12 00 l Homosexual Men and the Aids Virus Over the phone, I could hear quiet anguish in the mother’s gentle contralto voice: “ We found out in late August. He sat us both down and told us his secret. Deep inside, I already knew. I guess I’ve known for a long time, but I could not accept it. He’s my baby boy. How could he be a freak of nature? We couldn’t talk about it. When he came home for Christmas, We talked about his job, his new home, and his new car. He and his br
  • American Dream1
    American Dream1 SOCI 140 Final Chapter 10 Homosexuality is an erotic attraction, sexual behavior, emotional attachment, and a definition of the self. Over 7 1/2 million people in the United States are homosexual. These people are those who are interested in the same sex as lovers. They are often thought of gays for men and lesbians for the females. A persons sexual orientatio n is what sex one is attracted to, the types are: bisexuality ( both sexes), homosexuality (same sex), and heterosexuality
  • Reform in the Age of jackson
    Reform in the Age of jackson “From about 1825 until the outbreak of the civil war in 1861, the atmosphere in the nation was one of reform” (Boardman, 122). There were five major reform movements present in 19th century America. There was the Utopianism/Communita rian Movement, which established an ideal society away from present politics. Educational reforms were important in the fact of creating taxes to support the public school system, higher education for adults, and mandatory education and a
  • Sexual orientation
    sexual orientatio n Sexual orientatio n has been and to some degree is still seen as a taboo topic. For many years it has been argued that sexual orientatio n is based on one\'s gender and one\'s sexual preference, should be based on one\'s sex (i.e. females should be attracted to males and males to females). For generations, these narrow views were considered to be the norm. However, hidden within society was a lifestyle that once aired was seen as deviant. Homosexuality and many sexual orientatio
  • Socialism
    socialism History: The Socialist Party of the United States of America was formally organized at a unity convention in Indianapolis in 1901. The two merging groups were the Social Democratic Party of Eugene Victor Debs and the "Kangaroo" wing of the older Socialist Labor Party. From the beginning the Socialist Party was the organization for American radicals. Its membership included Marxists of various kinds, Christian socialists, Zionist and anti-Zionist Jewish socialists, foreign-language spea
  • Adoption by Gays Its Okay
    Adoption by Gays Its Okay “When a gay couple sought to adopt a boy- who had leukemia, had been neglected by his biological parents, had lived in five foster homes, and whose adoption was favored by his legal representative- the judge deemed it ‘not in the interest of a seven-year-old male child to be placed for adoption into the home of a pair of adult male homosexual lovers.’”(Utne 58) Three years of searching for a qualified heterosexual couple failed. This and many other similar cases have de
  • Gay Rights Speech
    Gay Rights Speech Speech in the Gay Rights Convention Prejudice against homosexuals is like warfare, in which there is no shelter and everyone is involved. The problem with prejudice and hate crimes is that many people are unaware of what they are. Many people today are disgusted with the concept of slavery and racism towards blacks. But one notion that people fail to comprehend is that they are emulating the puritan’s straightlaced beliefs and are prejudice against gays and lesbians. Many peopl
  • Growing up gay
    Growing up gay “The unprecedented growth of the gay community in recent history has transformed our culture and consciousness, creating radically new possibilities for people to ‘come out’ and live more openly as homosexuals”(Herdt 2). Before the 1969’s Stonewall riot in New York, homosexuality was a taboo subject. Research concerning homosexuality emphasized the etiology, treatment, and psychological adjustment of homosexuals. Times have changed since 1969. Homosexuals have gained great attenti
  • Homosexuality
    Homosexuality Homosexuality- The Major Cause of Homosexuality The origins of human sexuality and homosexuality in particular have puzzled philosophers, theologians and ordinary people for thousands of years. In scatter cultures, homosexuals have been regarded as a normal part of life, however, same sex attraction to most cultures have been treated as an unforgivable sin or a terrible crime. Many psychologists and psychiatrist had attempted to “treat and counsel” the homosexuals. In our social no
  • None Provided
    None Provided How Does Your Child Act? First of all I think that in the back of every parents mind are questions concerning their child’s future. Like will it be a doctor, a lawyer, or the next president of the United States. But with these questions there are also more questions that are not discussed freely like what if it is a bad child or it is uncontrollable? And will it do drugs or try alcohol and smoke cigarettes? Another question that might be in the back of a parents mind is about its c
  • None Provided2
    None Provided2 Alvarez, Gary page 1 Eng. 101; sec. 51 Theme II rough draft 1 February 17, 2000 SODOMY LAWS: SHOULD THEY BE ELIMINATED? During the past decade, gays and lesbians have become more assertive in expressing their rights within American society. Although gay people are gaining legal rights and protection, they continue to be victims of discriminatory laws and social intolerance. Issues such as whether gays belong in the military, in the clergy, or in the teaching profession, have stirr
  • Same sex marriagescalltoact speech
    Same sex marriagescalltoact speech Imagine you have fallen in love with the person of your dreams, and the two of you have discussed it and have decided to get married. Now imagine that the person you wish to marry is of a different race. It wouldn\'t be a big deal, right? Well, if this situation had occurred about 50 years ago, it would have been a huge deal. Just a generation ago, many states banned mixed marriages. Seems absurd, doesn\'t it? Discriminating against an individual like that beca
  • Sexual Orientation in Todays Society
    Sexual Orientatio n in Todays Society Sexual Orientatio n in Today’s Society In Today’s spciety, we can brag about our sexual orientatio n. There are many role models today who are centerpieces for the gay community. These leaders helped get homosexual people to the level that they are on today. “Taboo” was the word that was used for any discussion on this matter. Thirty years ago, it was unheard of to have a gay character on television, or in politics or even as your co-worker. Now within the last
  • Racism
    racism Racism & Hate Crimes in America Blacks were introduced to American soil during the 17th and 18th centuries via the triangular trade route, and were welcomed by whips, chains, shackles, and all the horrors of slavery. Slavery was legitimized by our government and continued for a few hundred years, taking a civil war and sixteen presidents before it was abolished. To this day, there is still much hatred between blacks and whites despite emancipation, desegregation, and integration; some wou
  • SameSex marriage
    SameSex marriage INTRODUCTION: The institution of marriage is highly respected and holds great sentimental value for most societies. However, not all couples are afforded the right to be legally recognized as a married couple. Couples of the same-sex are denied the right to have their marriages be legal in the eyes of the law. Same-sex marriage is an important issue because it deals with a relatively large minority of the United States. Gays and lesbians are rumored to be about ten percent of to
  • Sexual harrassment
    sexual harrassment History & the Law Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination. Federal law as well as various state fair-employment laws prohibit employers with 15 or more employees from treating members of one sex or race differently from members of the opposite sex or another race in terms, conditions, or privileges of employment. The statutory and regulatory laws govern the entire employment process from pre-employment activities such
  • The Ongoing Struggle for a Family
    The Ongoing Struggle for a Family The Ongoing Struggle for a Family “The most important thing in a family is that all the people in it love each other.” This excerpt is from a children’s book, written by Leslea Newman, Called “Heather Has Two Mommies.” This story is intended to show kids that not everyone’s family is the same. Many reasons are given to dispute gay and lesbian parenting but all founded on some of the archaic beliefs that Hitler used to kill homosexuals during W.W.II, fear and pre
  • Using Arrest Records in Hiring
    Using Arrest Records in Hiring The Supreme Court\'s 1966 Miranda ruling providing for “the right to remain silent” is now a well-known phrase thanks to American mass media and, especially, popular television police dramas. However, not nearly as well known is, that for better or worse, this right can also be extended to the workplace. The topic of this paper is to examine the legality and issues involved with regard to questioning applicants during the hiring process about their arrest and convi
  • Case study Disney
    Case study Disney 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Disney Company - one of the world leaders in media entertainment, company branded consumer goods, and theme parks and resorts - signed the agreement with Hong Kong concerning the opening of a "Disneyland" amusement park in Hong Kong in the year 2005. This case study only concentrates one of the business fields explored by the Disney Company - theme parks and resorts. The Disney Company occupies a strong position developed in the international business world
  • Adrienne rich
    adrienne rich Elizabeth Whittemore Tommy B. McDonell Adrienne Rich Final There are many cultural phantoms that we must face as we write and read in today’s society. Adrienne Rich, author of an article titled “When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-Vision”, tells us of a gender phantom who prevented the development of her writing. To this day, gender inhibits female creativity, but in this day and age, so does sexual orientatio n. Today, readers are not only affected by an author’s gender but by whom
  • Affirmative Action3
    Affirmative Action3 I. The History of Diversity in America Known as the “Melting Pot”, America is a country with a more diverse population than any other. But America also has a long, painful past of discrimination that has been based on sex, race, color, disability, religion, sexual orientatio n and various other characteristics that stray from the average white American citizen. Through the years, government has played a major role in trying to correct the past wrongs due to discrimination by e
  • Affirmative Action3
    Affirmative Action3 I. The History of Diversity in America Known as the “Melting Pot”, America is a country with a more diverse population than any other. But America also has a long, painful past of discrimination that has been based on sex, race, color, disability, religion, sexual orientatio n and various other characteristics that stray from the average white American citizen. Through the years, government has played a major role in trying to correct the past wrongs due to discrimination by e
  • Against same sex marriages
    against same sex marriages NATIONAL JOURNAL OF SEXUAL ORIENTATIO N LAW VOL. 1, ISSUE 1 Mary Sylla, editor ([email protected] A (Personal) Essay on Same-Sex Marriage Barbara J. Cox Professor California Western School of Law ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____ Very little since Stonewall, and the break from accepting the status quo that those riots symbolize, has challenged the lesbian and gay community as much as the debate we have had over the past several y
  • Aids and homosexuals
    aids and homosexuals Homosexual Men and the Aids Virus Over the phone, I could hear quiet anguish in the mother’s gentle contralto voice: “ We found out in late August. He sat us both down and told us his secret. Deep inside, I already knew. I guess I’ve known for a long time, but I could not accept it. He’s my baby boy. How could he be a freak of nature? We couldn’t talk about it. When he came home for Christmas, We talked about his job, his new home, and his new car. He and his brother talked
  • Alternative Families A look at the samesex nest
    Alternative Families A look at the samesex nest Abstract This paper will introduce the "neonuclear" family, homosexual couples with children and attempt to present a brief overview of the unit. First the nature/nurture theories will be presented to explain the origins of sexuality; then discussing the formation of gay and lesbian families including the reasoning for legalization of marriage and the introduction of children to these lifestyles; including scaffolding and barriers to achieving stab
  • Anatomy
    Anatomy ‘Overview of Anatomy & Physiology’ Anatomy - is the study of the structure of the body parts & their relationship to one another. Physiology - concerns with the function of the body’s structural machinery - how the body works. Topics of Anatomy Gross Anatomy - is the study of the large body structures visible to the naked eye. It can be approached in different ways. Regional Anatomy - is the study of all the structures in one particular region. Systematic Anatomy - is when anatomy is stu
  • Benefits for Homosexuals in the Workplace
    Benefits for Homosexuals in the Workplace English 111 Paper #4 Benefits for Homosexuals in the Workplace For many years now minority groups have been fighting to get equal representation in high paying jobs and to be treated like everyone else if they are hired. The minority group that I wish to focus on is homosexuals. Many gays believe that they are being treated unfairly by companies that do not offer domestic partner benefits and other fringe benefits that are offered to heterosexual workers
  • Big brothers
    big brothers In 1903 a man by the name of Irvin F. Westiemer encountered a young boy in an alley. This boy was searching for food in a garbage can. This unfortunate sight inspired him to organize an agency, which would be responsible for providing little boys who have no father figure, a male role model. This concept led to the creation of Big Brothers in the early 1900’s. Irvin F. Westiemer is responsible for a non-profit, North American wide, private social service. The theory of introducing a
  • Canterbury Tales1
    Canterbury Tales1 In Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, the Pardoner tells a tale which reflects some of his characteristics, but is not consistent with all of his qualities. The Pardoner sells pardons and relics not for the sake of the people he should be trying to save, but for his own monetary gain. The tale he tells is an ironic one, in which three friends set out to locate Death and kill him. However in the end, they just find death. The Pardoner is honest and so is the tale he tells.
  • Canterbury Tales1
    Canterbury Tales1 In Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, the Pardoner tells a tale which reflects some of his characteristics, but is not consistent with all of his qualities. The Pardoner sells pardons and relics not for the sake of the people he should be trying to save, but for his own monetary gain. The tale he tells is an ironic one, in which three friends set out to locate Death and kill him. However in the end, they just find death. The Pardoner is honest and so is the tale he tells.