Reflections of Irony A Ban Against Cloning Essay

This essay has a total of 2018 words and 10 pages.


Reflections of Irony A Ban Against Cloning





"A Reflection of Irony-Bans Against Cloning"

Cloning, a very controversial debate, is it right or wrong? Most
Americans automatically assume cloning should be outlawed due to their
moral standards. At first, I condemned cloning, on pure ignorance of what
cloning really is. Most people have this science fiction view upon what
cloning could produce. Many misconceptions about human cloning come
from science fiction. Almost all science fiction displays human clones as
zombie like troglodytes (Pence 39). The people who are afraid of cloning
tend to think that someone will break into Napoleon’s tomb, steal DNA,
and make 2,000 emperors (Wertze 1). Human cloning is anything but this
and should not be banned but allowed to proceed with care to ensure the
safety of humanity.
“Cloning is an obscure term, even in science, and can refer to
molecular cloning, cellular cloning, embryo twinning, and nuclear somatic
transfer"(Pence 11). In molecular cloning, strings of DNA containing genes
are duplicated in a host bacterium. In cellular cloning, replicas of a cell are
made, resulting in what is called a “cell line,” a procedure that is repeated
to make identical copies of the original cell which can be grown
indefinitely (Pence 11). In Embryo twinning, an embryo that has already
been formed sexually is divided into two identical halves. In theory, this
process could repeat itself repeatedly but in practice, there are a limited
number of times an embryo can be twinned and retwinned (Pence 11).
The Somatic Process takes the nucleus of an adult cell and implants it in to
an egg cell where the nucleus has been removed. A variant of this process
called “fusion” is to put the donor cells next to an enucleated egg and
“fuse” the two with a tiny electric current (Pence 1). To put it into simpler
terms, cloning is a method of producing a baby-whether animal or
human-that has just about the same genetic make up as it’s parent.
Keep in mind that a person originated by cloning would not
necessarily be an exact replica of an adult human being. At the molecular
level there would be differences, even though the gene structure would be
quite similar (Pence 13). The probability of any two cloned human bodies
being the exact same down to the last cell is next to zero because the
probability of any two things being identical drops dramatically as the
complexity rises (Pence 14).Most of the popular discussions surrounding
asexual reproduction, producing offspring without sex, revolves around
the question of whether a person could “clone oneself” (Pence 49). The
answer to that question is no. Take for example, a fifty year old man
wants to reproduce himself, so he persuades his wife to undergo a minor
surgery, have an egg removed by laparoscope’s, have its nucleus cut and
have his genes inserted. She will then spend nine months carrying the
embryo. Even if those assumptions came true, would the baby be the
fifty-year-old man? It is not likely. He would definitely not be an instant,
replica of him. For one thing, he would be a baby, whereas the man is fifty
years old. Also, he would grow up not in the years close to World War II,
but in the 21st century. The child would grow up with different
surroundings, parents and friends, therefore, being a whole other being
(Pence 49).
There are many benefits that are overlooked by the government and
the media when discussing human cloning. Many people would benefit
from human cloning and human cloning research. The biggest group
being, infertile couples. About ten to fifteen percent of the population is
infertile- physically incapable of conceiving children. Medically, infertility
is classified as a disease, according to the American Society for
Reproductive Medicine and the American College for Obstetricians and
Gynecologists. Legally, infertility is a disability- the kind that entitles
people to protection from discrimination under Americans with
Disabilities Act (Eibert 2). Infertility also affects someone psychologically.
It is a devastating condition that frustrates a very powerful and biological
drive that is intimate with a persons will to survive (Eibert 2). “One
analogy you hear infertile couples say is that learning that you are
incurably infertile is not like having your child die. It’s like having all
your children die and your grandchildren as well” (Eibert 2).
With cloning, infertile couples may have children. Current
treatments for infertility, in terms of percentages, are not very successful.
One estimate shows that current infertility treatments are less that ten
percent successful. Couples go through painful procedures for a small
chance at having children. Many couples run out of time and money
without successfully having children. Human cloning could possibly
make it possible for many more infertile couples to have children than ever
before (Human Cloning Foundation 1).
Besides helping infertile couples conceive biological children,
human cloning has a wide variety of other potential benefits. Dr. Richard
Seed, is one of the leading proponents of human cloning technology, he
suggests that it may someday reverse the aging process because of what
we learn from cloning (Human Cloning Foundation 1). Human cloning
technology could also be used someday to reverse heart attack victims by
cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into the areas of the
heart that have been damaged (Human Cloning Foundation 1). Embryonic
stem cells can be grown to produce organs or tissues to repair or replace
damaged ones. Skin for burn victims, brain cells for the brain damaged,
spinal cord cells for quadriplegics and paraplegics, hearts, livers, and
kidneys could be produced (Human Cloning Foundation 1). By combining
this technology with human cloning technology it may be possible to
produce needed tissues for suffering people that will be free of rejection by
their immune systems. Conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease,
Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, heart failure, degenerative joint disease, and
other problems may become curable if human cloning and it’s technology
was not banned (Human Cloning Foundation 1). The mass production of
animals with genetically altered organs that could be transplanted into
humans safely, could be developed if human cloning research was not
banned (Worldbook.com 2). We may be able to learn how to switch cells
on and off through cloning and than be able to cure cancer (Human
Cloning Foundation 2). Scientists still do not know exactly how cells
differentiate into specific kinds of tissue, nor do they understand why
cancerous cells lose their differential. Cloning, may be the missing piece to
the puzzle to understanding differential and cancer (Human Cloning
Foundation 1). For the devastating disease leukemia, we should be able to
clone bone marrow for children and adults. This is expected to be one of
the first benefits to come from cloning technology (Human Cloning
Foundation 2). The average person carriers eight defective genes inside
them (Human Cloning Foundation). These defective genes allow people to
become sick when they would otherwise remain healthy. Human cloning
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