Relation Between Law And Morality Essay

This essay has a total of 1111 words and 5 pages.

Relation Between Law And Morality

Intro to European History
1-11-98

Factors Affecting Life In The
Fourteenth Century

By all accounts, humanity was faring pretty well in the period from the eleventh century
to the thirteenth. The population was steadily increasing due to better farming methods
that better feed the people in Europe at this time. Significant social and political
changes proved to be making life more stable, and there were many advances being made in
the intellectual community. This stability, however, was upset by some of the most sever
calamities ever to affect modern society.

Things began going downhill during the early thirteen hundreds, when Europe encountered
what was latter termed to be a, "little ice-age." This very subtle shift in economic
patterns was enough to cause rampant malnutrition and even starvation in some heavy hit
areas. Things were so bad that historians now believe that the famine may be responsible
for a nearly ten percent drop in population in during the first half of that century.
Although this is a staggering figure in itself, it is widely believed that it also had a
hand in further reducing the population via the most terrible epidemic know to man; the
Black Death, or the bubonic plague.

The Black Death was the most lethal outbreak in recorded history. While different sources
have conflicting figures, it is widely believed that the Plague wiped out up to fifty
percent of the entire population. The plague itself was probably brought to Europe from
Asia through trade ships or caravans, where it was spread through flees that lived on rats
that co-existed in the cities and other urban areas. Lacking present day knowledge about
bacteria and biology in general, the seemingly arbitrary spread of the Black Death
completely baffled the early European, who attributed it to all sorts of things, such as
Jews or the wrath of a vengeful God. The unfathomable amount of death had very negative
effects on almost every human institution, such as the religious establishment and normal
social behavior. It must have a terrifying era to live in, and is a situation that hasn't
been duplicated in nearly 700.

Probably owing partially to the examples already given, war and general social unrest were
another evil that beset an already bewildered people. The most brutal and protracted
single example would have to be the Hundred Years War between England and France. It was
touched of 1337 when Philip VI, the king of France, forcefully seized the province of
Gascony from the English. There wasn't really a hundred years of ceaseless fighting,
various seize-fires and truces were declared but small-scale skirmishes and all out
fighting still pervaded.

Social unrest was fairly common as well in this period of history. Most historians agree
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