Renaissance1 Essay

This essay has a total of 1054 words and 5 pages.

Renaissance1



The Renaissance
During the era known as the “Renaissance” Europe emerged from its economic troubles of the
Middle Ages and experienced a time of financial growth. Also the Renaissance was an age in
which artistic, social, scientific and political thought turned in new directions however.
The most important changes during the Renaissance were the changes that took place in the
way how people viewed themselves and their world. The Renaissance was a rebirth that
occurred throughout most of Europe but the start of the Renaissance first arose in
Northern Italy, this was due to Italy’s prime location as an international trading center.
However the changes that were associated with the Renaissance first occurred in the
Italian city of Florence and continued to be more pervasive there than anywhere else in
Europe. The city’s economy and its writers, painters, architects and philosophers all made
Florence a model of the Renaissance culture. The reason why the Republic of Florence was
such a wealthy city and why it had some of the most spectacular accomplishments of the
Renaissance was due to the famous Medici family. The Medici family was one of the richest
families in Florence during the fourteenth century. The best known of all the Medicis was
Lorenzo. The reason why he is the most famous is because he represented the Renaissance
ideal. Lorenzo was a clever politician, he held Florence together during the difficult
times but the more important thing about him was that he was a very generous patron. Being
a patron Lorenzo financially supported arts and architecture and that how under his rule
Florence excelled and became a symbol of the Renaissance. At the heart of the Italian
Renaissance was an intellectual movement known as humanism. Humanism was an educational
program of study based on subjects of classical culture and a philosophical outlook that
focused on the individual and his or her responsibilities to self and community. Humanism
focused on the worldly subjects rather than on the religious issues that had occupied
medieval thinkers in Europe. Humanists also believed that education should stimulate the
individuals creative powers so they returned to study humanities, which was the subject
that was taught in ancient Greek and Roman schools. In humanities the main areas of study
were based on grammar, poetry and history from the Greek and Roman texts. Some of the most
famous humanists of the Renaissance were Giovanni Boccaccio and the most famous humanist
was Francesco Petrarch. Francesco Petrarch was an early Renaissance humanist who lived in
Florence and who became known as “the father of humanism”. Petracrh traveled all around
Europe looking for ancient Greek and Roman manuscripts and texts. Before his death in 1374
Petrarch was able to assemble a library of ancient Greek and Roman literature. Petrarch
was also able to influence other writers of his time through the literature that he wrote,
one of his most famous writings were “Sonnets to Laura”. Petracrh also believed that
through the study of moral philosophy the student could learn wisdom, and that through the
art of speaking and writing the student could learn to communicate his knowledge to
others, his work stimulated a general interest in ancient ideas. By the time of Petrarch’s
death in 1374, many groups of men were meeting to spread his ideas throughout Europe, this
is how the early Renaissance began to spread from Florence throughout Europe. Giovanni
Boccaccio was another early Renaissance writer. He was influenced by Petrarch’s literature
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