Rennaisance Essay

This essay has a total of 898 words and 4 pages.

Rennaisance



The 14th, 15th and part of 16th century was a glorious time for Europe, it was the
reformation of many old ideas and the formation of many new, this was called the
Renaissance. The Renaissance brought many changes to Europe, the economy was greatly
boosted by of all the new explorations. The flourishing economy helped to inspire new
developments in art and literature. And from that many new beliefs were formed.


The European economy flourished during the Renaissance due to many factors. There was a
large income coming in from over seas exploration. Spain alone received added income from
Christopher Columbus and when he stumbled across North America on his way to find a
shorter rout to the Indies. The exploration down the coast of Africa also brought in a lot
of extra income. This income came from the exploitation of the Africans by kidnapping them
and selling them as slaves. Income also came from establishing colonies in Africa and
setting up gold mines and mines for other needed metals.


With all of this extra income coming into the European countries they had more money to
help fund the arts. During the Renaissance there were many drastic changes in the style of
art. Giotto was a very influential painter, during the start of the Renaissance. In
Giotto's work he used three dimensional images, this was a drastic change from the classic
art where depth was not used. His painting were very realistic and life like, unlike the
previous centuries art. Giotto's work inspired artists by the likes of Leonardo de Vinci,
Raphael and Michaelango. Michaelango painted the Sistine Chapel, which is located in the
Vatican in Rome. The Sistine Chapel depicted the book of Genesis. The manner in which it
was painted was unlike another at the time, all the characters in the Sistine chapel are
very life like and realistic. Also it was one of the first times that religion was painted
by the painters opinion of the events. The arts led to new ways of thinking.


With the arts the artists began to think on their own and those movements began to spread.
It was not just what the church said anymore that was right. Humanism, one of the new
beliefs which was formed during the Renaissance, said that people should read the works of
the greats and focus on writing, and the arts. Humanists believed that they were equal
with the ancient Greek and Roman writers and philosophers. Petrarch was the original
humanist, and a writer who wrote many letters to the people of ancient Rome. In those
letters he spoke as if he was an equal with them. Another of the new beliefs was
scholasticism, which was the opposite of humanism. Scholastics thought that people should
spend more time the sciences, they also wanted the church and science to be brought
together as one. As new scientific discoveries were made many of the churches theories
were beginning to be questioned.

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