Restrained Drinking Essay

This essay has a total of 499 words and 4 pages.

Restrained Drinking

Williams, R.J. (1999). Restrained Drinking and Cognitive Control Among
Adolescents. Adolescence, 34, 557-563.

The purpose of the study on restrained drinking was to look at restrained drinking and
one’s self control in regards to alcohol consumption by adolescents. The rationale behind
this unanswered question was to get to the root of the problem of adolescent drinking as
the severity and frequency of teen drinking is on the rise. The purpose was to further
explore the correlation between restrained drinking and the consumption of alcohol
factoring in the want for self-control.

In the experiment a control or restraint was used to monitor and restrict the amount of
alcohol consumed by adolescents. It was expected that enforcing a restraint would lead to
binge drinking. There are two well-defined areas in providing a restraint. One is
cognitive emotional preoccupation which centers around the preoccupation with control.
The other aspect is cognitive behavioral control which is “actual attempts at control”
(558). Recent studies have found that restraints and their outcomes closely relate to
one’s overall self-control.

The participants of this study consisted of 97 male and 101 female adolescents from three
high schools in Melbourne, Australia. The average age of the students was 16 years old.

There were several devices used in testing the hypothesis. One of the measures used was
monitoring alcohol consumption in the average number of drinks in one sitting. Another
valuable instrument used was The 24-item Adolescent Drinking Index. Students were asked
to fill out a questionnaire measuring one’s loss of control in drinking, drinking related
problems, psychological and physical indicators. The subjects were also asked to fill
out The Temptation and Restraint Inventory which assessed attitudes and actions concerning
restrained drinking. Finally, students evaluated The Cognitive Self-Control Scale,
approximating their self-control.

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