Richard daley

This essay has a total of 1329 words and 6 pages.

Richard daley

Richard Joseph Daley, the grandson of Irish immigrants, was born in the Bridgeport area of
Chicago on May 15, 1902. He was graduated from De La Salle Institute in 1918 and worked in
the stockyards for several years before studying law. While studying, he worked as a clerk
in the Cook County Controller's office. In 1936 Daley married Eleanor Guilfoyle, and the
couple had three daughters and four sons. One son, Richard M. Daley, served in the
Illinois Senate and as Cook County state's attorney before being elected mayor of Chicago
in 1989.


Daley held several elected posts before becoming mayor. He was state representative from
1936 to 1938, state senator from 1939 to 1946, county deputy controller from 1946 to 1949,
and county clerk from 1950 to 1955. He also served as state revenue director, an appointed
position, under Governor Adlai Stevenson. In these positions, Daley gained a keen
understanding of government and a mastery of budgets and revenue sources.


Cook County Democratic party chairman Richard J. Daley, 53, wins the Chicago mayoralty
race and begins a 21-year career as mayor of the second largest U.S. city. Daley, the
archetypal city "boss," served as mayor from 1955 to 1976. He was one of the last big city
bosses. As a Democrat, Daley wielded a great deal of power in this largely Democratic
city. He headed a powerful political machine that effectively dominated much of Chicago.
He governed by the spoils system, and he delivered many local votes for Democratic
presidential candidates. His support was often sought by state and national leaders. Daley
gained national notoriety in 1968 when Chicago police brutally subdued demonstrators at
the Democratic National Convention. Daley was an important figure in the national
Democratic Party.


As the mayor of Chicago until his death in 1976 and as chairman of Chicago's Cook County
Democratic Central Committee from 1953 to 1976, Richard Joseph Daley was one of the most
powerful politicians in the United States. He easily won reelection to office in five
successive campaigns from 1959 to 1975, and during his mayoralty Chicago was the scene of
an unprecedented building boom, improvement in city services, and urban renewal programs.
Daley ran Chicago when federal government was pouring billions into highways, public
transit, housing for poor. He used it to advantage, mounting massive urban renewal and
transportation projects. Neighborhoods resisted, but Daley prevailed. He was a builder,
developing O'Hare Airport, public housing projects, University of Illinois campus and
McCormick Place. A machine politician in the old tradition, Daley will use patronage to
control the Illinois state vote and obtain tax breaks and zoning-law favors for real
estate interests and others that support him.


Although Daley remained popular and influential during his several terms, his
administration was marred by a number of political scandals, by civil-rights disturbances,
and by a riot at the 1968 Democratic convention. Daley was among John F. Kennedy's key
supporters in the 1960 presidential election, providing him with the delegates who helped
him win a first-ballot nomination and a massive Chicago vote that delivered Illinois for
Kennedy in his narrow victory over Richard M. Nixon. Daley hosted the 1968 Democratic
National Convention at President Lyndon B. Johnson's request. Daley's national reputation
was seriously tarnished as the result of violence between anti-Vietnam War demonstrators
and Chicago police. Ironically, Daley had been a private critic of the Victnam War and had
urged Johnson to withdraw U.S. forces. In 1972, Daley was dealt another blow when the
Democratic National Convention refused to seat his Illinois delegation because of
noncompliance with new selection rules. In 1976, Jimmy Carter said that Daley's
endorsement clinched his first-ballot nomination for the presidency, but Daley failed to
deliver Illinois for Carter in the election. Controlling 30,000 patronage jobs and savvy
ward organization, he delivered elections for himself and Democratic allies.


Blacks were a major component of the Daley coalition, providing him with his winning
margin in his two closest mayoral elections. But his relationship with them deteriorated
in the turbulent hours after Dr. Martin Luther King's assassination when Daley issued a
shoot-to-kill order in the wake of riots and looting on the city's West Side. He later
resented the challenge to his authority as party chairman by black Democratic politicians.

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