Paper on Richard Ii

This essay has a total of 639 words and 4 pages.

Richard Ii


When Bolingbroke accuses Mowbray of murdering the Duke of Gloucester, Richard knows that
there is a chance of Mowbray telling about Richard's involvement in the crime. Gaunt also
understands Richard's position but he also knows that there is no stopping Richard,
because "... correction lieth in those hands / which made the fault that we cannot
correct" (I, ii, 4-5). Richard is seen as God's representative on Earth and only Richard
can punish himself, so it is a matter only God can resolve.


"God's is the quarrel - for God's substitute,
His deputy anointed in His sight,
Hath caus'd his death..."



Although Gaunt seems satisfied with this fact in Act I, scene ii, later, from his deathbed
he seems more dissatisfied with this and reminds Richard that "... violent fires soon burn
out themselves" (II, i, 34) and tells him that "His rash fierce blaze of riot cannot
last"(II, i, 33)


Lady Gloucester, however, thinks that Richard can be stopped and thinks that he must be
stopped by Gaunt. She thinks that if Richard is not stopped, he will continue to kill, and
Gaunt could be next. " ... To safeguard thine own life / The best way is to venge my
Gloucester's death." (I, ii, 35-36)


Richard could have allowed Bolingbroke and Mowbray to fight to the death, but if he had
allowed this and if Bolingbroke had won, Richard's full part in the murder could be
exposed. On the other hand, if Mowbray had won, Richard would be in debt to him even more
so than he already was. The only other option was to exile both Bolingbroke and Mowbray,
stopping both from exposing Richard's part in the murder.


Richard chooses at first to allow them to fight to the death "... Your lives will answer
it, / At Coventry upon St. Lambert's Day" (I, i, 198-199). He allows the fight at first to
go ahead, but shortly before the first blow is struck, Richard calls a halt to the fight
and exiles them both, claiming "... Our kingdom's earth should not be soil'd / With that
dear blood that it hath fostered" (I, iii, 125-126). Bolingbroke is exiled for 10 years,
which Richard consequently lowers to 6, and Mowbray is exiled for life.


The way that Richard first forbids Bolingbroke and Mowbray to fight to the death, saying,
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • East Indiam Company
    East Indiam Company The Company The East India Company is a modern, dynamic commercial enterprise with a wealth of experience and contacts, and associates throughout the world. Founded by the Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth the First in 1600, The East India Company was once the single most powerful economic force that the world has ever seen. Based in London, its influence reached out to all continents, and the consequences of its actions, both great and small, are the very fabric of history it
  • Audience Shakespearean of theTheater
    Audience Shakespearean of theTheater The Audience of the Shakespearean Theater During the Elizabethan Age there were different social classes. What you wore depended upon the social class to which you belonged. It was easy to distinguish the classes by the way people would dress for the theater, and also where they sat to watch the performance. The lower class, also called peasants, were poorer people. Most were merchants or servants. A peasant man would wear a tunic or shirt, and breeches of so
  • Renaissance Clothing
    Renaissance Clothing Renaissance Clothing The Renaissance period is said the be the “Great Chain of Being.” The clothing style keeps changing every year. No one knows what to expect next. The people of today never had rules to follow. The people wear whatever they want. Back in the Renaissance period though, they did have rules for each of the classes of men and women. The children to the nobilities had different ways of dressing. The Renaissance people had some rules they had to follow for the
  • A comparsion Between Modern Day Soilders and Medie
    A comparsion Between Modern Day Soilders and Medieval Knights In Medieval Times, A Knight was a mounted man-at-arms of medieval Europe. He served a king or other feudal superior, usually in return for the tenure of a tract of land, but sometimes he served his lord for money. The knight was generally a man of noble birth who had served in the lower ranks as page and squire before being ceremoniously inducted into knighthood by his superior. At his induction the knight usually swore to be brave, l
  • Midterm notes
    Midterm notes Midterm Examination Part 1: Consolation of Philosophy, written by Boethius 1. Boethius was a popular member of the senatorial family. He was a philosopher that agreed with Plato that government should be solely in the hands of wise men. After becoming consul, charges of treason were brought against him. He lived in a time in Roman society when everyone was mainly Christian. He was an Arian Christian and believed that Christ was neither truly God nor truly man. Because of his belie
  • Chivalry
    Chivalry Chivalry, as defined by Encyclopedia Americana is a system of values and ideals of conduct held by knights in medieval Europe. In its institutional form, chivalry was an informal, international order to which many, but not all, of the ruling class (nobility) belonged. The word is derived from the Latin caballus (horse) through the French chevalier (“horseman” or knight). Chivalry was born from Feudalism in the late middle ages introducing a new, feminine point of view stressing virtue
  • The age of Elizabethan Theatre
    The age of Elizabethan Theatre Elizabethan Theatre -called this in honour of the current Queen (Queen Elizabeth I) -a period of great unrest in England concerning England\'s official religion -Queen Elizabeth declared that no plays could be about the current religious matters or portray current political figures -"Master of Revels" was the offical censor of all plays -the Queen had to approve all the plays that were performed in London -Queen Elizabeth liked Shakespeare\'s plays and gave him su
  • Courtly love
    courtly love The Enduring Popularity of Courtly Love Not long after the turn of the first millennium, C.E., a phenomenon known as courtly love emerged in medieval Europe. Andreas Capellanus, chaplain to Marie de France and author of the classic The Art of Courtly Love, defined Love as . . . a certain inborn suffering derived from the sight of and excessive meditation upon the beauty of the opposite sex, which causes each one to wish above all things the embraces of the other and by common desire
  • Knights And Chivalry
    Knights And Chivalry Knights and Chivalry Chivalry was a system of ethical ideals developed among the knights of medieval Europe. Arising out of the feudalism of the period, it combined military virtues with those of Christianity, as epitomized by he Arthurian legend in England and the chansons de geste of medieval France. The word chivalry is derived from the French chevalier, meaning horseman or knight. Chivalry was the code of conduct by which knights were supposedly guided. In addition to mi
  • King Arthur
    King Arthur Tales Of King Arthur Since the romanticizing of the Arthurian legends by Geoffery of Monmouth, the historian, during the twelfth century, the legendary \'king of England\' has been the source of inspiration for kings, poets, artists and dreamers alike. The most famous work is probably Sir Thomas Malory\'s Le Morte d\'Arthur, completed around 1470, and published in many abridged and complete versions. Malory\'s work contains in one the legend that had been continually added to over th
  • Kinghthood
    Kinghthood Knighthood Knighthood and chivalry. The terms are often confused, and often pointlessly distinguished. The term knighthood comes from the English word knight (from Old English, servant or boy) while chivalry comes from the French chevalerie, from chevalier or knight. In modern English, chivalry means the ideals, virtues, or characteristics of knights. But in actuality, the phrases orders of chivalry and orders of knighthood are essentially synonymous. Succinctly, a knight was a profes
  • Rape of the Lock SoCalled Trivial Things
    Rape of the Lock SoCalled Trivial Things The Rape of the Lock: Serious Stuff Alexander Pope\'s mock heroic epic The Rape of the Lock appears to be a light subject addressed with a satiric tone and structure. Pope often regards the unwanted cutting of a woman\'s hair as a trivial thing, but the fashionable world takes it seriously. Upon closer examination Pope has, perhaps unwittingly, broached issues worthy of earnest consideration. The Rape of the Lock at first glance is a commentary on human
  • Tulsa Race Riots
    Tulsa Race Riots Tulsa Race Riot The Tulsa race riot changed the course of American history by actively expressing African American views on white supremacy. Before the events of the Tulsa race riot African Americans saw the white community taking justice into their own hands. Black citizens of Tulsa stood up against this sort of white mob. This escaladed into the Tulsa race riot. The Tulsa race riot and its effects weighed heavily upon the African Americans of this era. The first event was with
  • British Castles
    British Castles BRITISH CASTLES Great Britain\'s castles exemplify artistic characteristics and were essential elements in the lives of kings, lords, nobles, and chieftains. The word castle means a building or group of buildings usually intended as a residence of a king, lord, noble, or chieftain. There are many different types of castles, and the features about them are simply amazing. Warfare was also an important issue involving castles. They had to have some means of protection. The castles
  • The Canterbury Tales Women
    The Canterbury Tales Women The Canterbury Tales, by Geoffrey Chaucer is a collection of stories told by a group of pilgrims on their way to Thomas a\' Becket\'s tomb in Canterbury. Throughout the stories, women are often portrayed in two opposing ways. The women in these tales are either depicted as pristine and virginal, or as cunning and deceitful. First, women are described as being pristine and virginal. This type of woman is always beautiful and has men vying for her affections. However, sh