Richard II

This essay has a total of 971 words and 4 pages.

Richard II


The problem with Richard is that he is not really a man of action; he confronts and deals with difficulties by internalising and talking about them.

Richard is not at all a man of his action. Whenever a problem arises, he internalises and talks to himself or the surrounding people, but does not do anything to resolve the problem. He is not ready to stand up and do something about it, and instead complains about the situation to himself. I think that it is because of this trait that Richard loses the kingship of England, and Bolingbroke, a man who is always ready to take action when a problem arises wins the throne over Richard.

In the first scene, where Bolingbroke accuses Mowbray of killing Gloucester, Richard plays a major part in the action and at first look, I think that the reader could think that Richard is in fact a 'man of action' because of his handling of the Mowbray-Bolingbroke situation. When Richard pronounces that Mowbray and Bolingbroke shall fight to the death "At Coventry upon St. Lambert's Day" (I, i, 199), the reader could mistake this act of 'showmanship' as the act of a leader who was ready to stand up and take action when a problem arose. However, as we see later, in Act 1 scene 3, Richard's order for Mowbray and Bolingbroke's lives to answer their accusations was only to fuel Richard's own desire to be the centre of attention; it was his 'showman' quality that lead him to do this, not his ability to take action when a situation that required good leadership skills arose.

In Act 3, scene 2, Richard, on his return to England, finds that his 'favourites' (Bushy, Bagot and Greene) have all been killed by Bolingbroke. Richard is struck down with immense sorrow and self-pity and illustrates very clearly his passive nature. Instead of becoming extremely angry and wanting revenge for his friends' deaths, he says that they should "sit upon the ground / And tell stories of the death of Kings" (III, ii, 155-156), and talk only of death and other morbid topics. When someone is murdered, people that knew them usually become very angry towards the murderer and often try to seek revenge. In 'Richard II', Richard, the king of England, has had his best friends, his 'favourites' killed by his worst enemy, a person he had banished from the country, a person who is clearly trying to steal the throne from Richard, and all Richard can do is sit around and tell sad stories and speak about death. Bolingbroke has done so much to Richard and yet even after he has killed his friends, Richard still makes no attempt to stop Bolingbroke, or at the very least avenge his death of his friends. This short speech by Richard shows the reader that Richard is certainly not a man of a

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