Roman miltary Essay

This essay has a total of 548 words and 7 pages.

roman miltary



Roman Military


The Roman army was one of the greatest forces of all times.

The Roman army ,at its finest point, was nearly inconquerable. This was

due to the discipline of the soldiers, the hard and effective training of

the soldiers, the speed at wich new tactics were learned, and to the

organization of the soldiers.



From early times right down to the 3rd century A.D, the Roman army

was based on its legions. A legion varied in strength from

four-thousand to six-thousand men, and was subdivided onto ten cohorts.

Its leader used the title of legatus. His staff officers were called

tribuni. Senior non-commissioned officers were called centurions, who

varied greatly in rank. The soldiers of the legion were picked men: They

were all Roman citizens and received a higher pay than the auxillary

troops ,that is, foreigners who serve with the Roman army.



A legion consisited of heavily armoured infantry foot soldiers.

The Roman infantry became a feared force, well disciplined and well

trained. Their weapons were two javelins each and a short thrusting

sword. Cavalry was supplied by the auxilaries ,second line troops, and

was organised mainly in units of 500 men.





When it was on campaigns the army was accompanied by a number of

specialists. One was the camp commandant, who was responsible for the

organisation of the camp. The Romans were very careful about their camps.

No Roman army halted for a single night without digging a trenches and

fortifying its camp. Each soldier took his share in establishing the camp

and striking the camp the next day. Another specialist was the quaestor,

whose duty was to look after all the money matter. then there

were the engineers and all kinds of craftsmen and artisans. They were

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