Rsearch paper of Cherokee Indain Essay

This essay has a total of 3088 words and 14 pages.

rsearch paper of Cherokee Indain




Barbara Huston
History 17A
Mrs. Sanchez
September 05, 2005




Way The Cherokee have live through good time and some bad time






The American Indian History of the United States is always associated with the Cherokee
Indian nation. The Cherokee's were by far the largest and most advanced of the tribes.
This man was Hernando de Soto was the first European explorer to come into contact with
the Cherokees, when he arrived in their territory in 1540. Then he went and came in
contact with Native Americans Cherokee's since many of their ways and customs is my family
that the Cherokees occupied a large expanse of territory in the Southeast. Their homeland
included mountains and valleys in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountain chain.
Their territory stretched from North Carolina to Virginia to Tennessee, South Carolina,
Alabama and Okalahoma..

The name the Cherokee's had for them was Ani-yun-wiya which has means, real people.
Villages were along rivers and streams so they have better advantage of the rich black
soil for farming as if the corn was their was the sources.

In Hunting and fishing they use this weapon for different ways like spears, traps, and
fishing lines with hooks to catch many different kinds of fish. They also used an
interesting method of poisoning an area of water to kill the fish and gather them up as
they floated to the surface.

The Cherokees were also skilled hunters. They hunted large animals, such as deer and bear,
with bows and arrows. They covered themselves in entire deerskins, antlers and all, and
used deer calls to lure the animals to them.

The products of their hunts were not only used for food, but for clothing as well. They
dressed in buckskin shirts and skirts, made moccasins, capes and other items using their
animal resources.

Cherokee families usually had two houses- a large summer home and a smaller winter home.
The Cherokees practiced a variety of crafts, including basketwork and stamped pottery,
carved, out from woods.
These masks were used during their many hunting, agricultural and healing rituals. They held these ceremonies
Festivals of the Cherokees.
The Indians believed the earth was created at that season, and their year began at that time.

The six main festivals held by the Chief each year were the first New Moon of spring, then
when the new Green Corn Festival, when the leaves began to turn yellow and fall. It was
held in honor of the Great New Moon (Nuwtiegwa), friendship and brotherhood and "Bouncing
Bush" Festival. Messengers were sent through the nation to notify the people of the
Festivals. Although there was some variation in the number of days of a Festival, they
were always completed within seven days of the dances and the eating Prayers were said
that God might bless the corn and meat during the year and make the people healthful. The
preliminary Green Corn Feast was held in August and the main Corn Feast was held in the
middle or latter part of September, when the corn was ripe.




It was believed that at this festival each person might look into a crystal to see if he
would live through the next year. If they could see themselves erect as they looked into
the stone, it was believed they would live, but if they appeared to be lying down, they
would die before the first spring moon. Those who were to die fasted all day and then had
the priest consult the crystal again. If on the second trial he appeared standing erect,
he was ordered to the river and bathed several times and he would be safe.

Beliefs of the Cherokees



. The White Chief or Most Beloved Man helped the villagers make decisions concerning
farming, lawmaking, and disputes between individuals, families, or clans. He also played a
large role in religious ceremonies. The Red Chief gave advice concerning warfare. One such
decision was choosing who would be the War Woman, an honored woman is chosen to accompany
braves on their war parties. The War Woman did not fight, but helped feed the men, offered
them council, and decided which prisoners would live or

die.
1738 - Smallpox eradicates 25% of the Cherokee Nation,one of the tribe member getting the
chicken pox then it spread out to whole tribe.

1753 - Smallpox epidemic
1820's During his tenure as chief he opposed displacement of the tribe from its native
lands, a policy of the United States government known as Indian Removal. However, Ross's
political rival Major Ridge signed an unauthorized removal treaty with the U.S. in 1836.
Ross unsuccessfully lobbied against enforcement of the treaty, but those Cherokees who did
not emigrate to the "Indian Territory" by 1838 were forced to do so by General Winfield
Scott, an episode that came to be known as the Trail of Tears.. Accepting defeat, Ross
convinced General Scott to have supervision of much of the removal process turned over to
Ross. n the Indian Territory, Ross helped draft a constitution for the entire Cherokee
nation and in 1839 I was chosen as chief of the nation. He would remain chief until his
death.


.

"In 1770 Thomas Jefferson's income as a lawyer is figured to have been three thousand
dollars, and his income as a planter using his 5,000-acre estate about two thousand. These
figures up to establish a comparison of monetary value between today and 1770: was in a
ratio of thirty to one. "(1)


In fact, a Cherokee chief named Junaluska personally saved the life of President Andrew
Jackson. In 1820, they established a republican form of government and founded the
Cherokee Nation under a constitution, with an elected principal chief, a senate and a
house of representatives.

http://www.main.nc.us/graham/junaluska.html

A man was name Sequoyah who developed a way of writing in their own language so the
Cherokee, that could keep record and documents to prove their government. But his only
person in history to single handedly invent an entire alphabet.

. When gold was discovered near Dahlonega, Georgia, the whites called for the relocation
of the Cherokee. In 1830, when President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act
despite having had his own life saved by these Indians. This relocation is known as the
"Trail of Tears," and is the subject of much discussion and debate. Over 1/4th of the
entire Cherokee population died out during this relocation." Trail of Tears" was not the
only injustice enacted upon them.

Some of them were relocation was supposed to be a permanent homeland for various tribes.
Therefore in 1889, two million acres had been bought from the Indians at ridiculously low
prices. The Oklahoma land run took place that year, with settlers lining.
These lifestyles, major events and other minor ones became the source and reason behind
the stories told by Indians. Many stories and poems reflected happenings in their lives
and feelings they had. Indian literature allows us to see how we feel what the Indians had
to go through. literature they had be passed on orally, this the part you lose so much
meaning and

feeling when reading something rather than having it told to you out loud.


John Ehle "TRAIL OF TEARS," " THE RISE AND FALL OF THE CHEROKEE NATION ""In 1770 Thomas
Jefferson's income as a lawyer is figured to have been three thousand dollars, and his
income as a planter using his 5,000-acre estate about two thousand. These figures up to
establish a comparison of monetary value between today and 1770: was in a ratio of thirty
to one. "(1) In the book "NOTE"



Cherokee Rose that follow of story Cherokee women
The men on the Trail of Tears ask the Great One in Galunlati (heaven) to help keep their
women from becoming too weak from crying. The white roses grew quickly where their tears
fell, with thorns, seven leaflets representing the seven Cherokee clans, and gold in the
center like the gold the white men sought in Cherokee country. The growth of the strong
plants reclaimed some of the land the people had lost and the women thought of the
strength they had to bring up their children in a new Cherokee Nation."
Continues for 7 more pages >>