Russian revolutions Essay

This essay has a total of 1187 words and 7 pages.

Russian revolutions



Modern History oral task.
The word at the beginning of the 20th century – Russian Revolutions.

Tsar Nicholas II
 Nicholas inherited the role of Tsar off his father in 1855, when his father Nicholas I passed away.
 Tsar Nicholas did not have the abilities to be a natural autocrat. He considered
it his duty to act as autocrat.

 Nicholas tried to keep power. This produced a highly inefficient form of
government and the First World War threw these weaknesses into sharp relict. By the end
the Tsar had managed to ensure his isolation from virtually all sections of Russia’s
society.

 Nicholas had the backing of a large and inefficient bureaucracy, but remained
supreme. The state police and the army enforced his will, and his officials controlled
education and censored the press.

 A duma, or parliament, was set up but the Tsar was able to appoint and dismis ministers at will.
 After the attempted revolution in 1905, in which there was many assassinations of
ministers and members of the royal family Tsar Nicholas showed no indication to carry out
reforms.

 Tsar Nicholas was an unintelligent family man who was completely unsuited to
being the autocratic ruler of 140 million people.

 Nicholas was easily influenced by others and he lacked the determination to carry
out serious changes in Russia.

 Tsar Nicholas believed that it was his duty to pass on the power he had inherited to his son.
 Nicholas married Alexandra, who was a Granddaughter of Queen Victoria. She was
believed to be a German spy. She was also believed to have had an affair with Gregory
Rasputin.

 The Tsar was under great influence of the Tsarina.
 Tsar Nicholas was killed, with his family, on the 2nd of March 1917.
 Nicholas II inherited from his ancestors not only a giant empire but also a
revolution. And they did not bequeath him one quality, which would have made him capable
of governing an empire or even a province or a country.


Gregory Rasputin
 Gregory Rasputin was believed to be a holly man sent down by god. The Tsarina
Alexandra believed that he was sent there to cure their son Alexander of Haemophilia.

 Rasputin was a siberian peasant with a bald scar on his head, the result of a beating for horse stealing.

Conditions in Russia
 In 1917 the soldiers at the front were fed up with defeat after defeat, they were leaving in groups.
 1917 the economy was collapsing under the strain of war and food was short in the
cities and even in rural areas.

 The food supply decreased the industrial and agricultural production was
disrupted, and the transportation system became disorganised.

 In the trenches the soldiers went hungry and frequently lacked shoes or munitions, sometimes even weapons.
 Prices skyrocketed and goods became scarce.
 In 1917 famine threatened the larger cities.
 Throughout the winter of 1916-1917 St Petersburg’s workers grew furious at this
state of affairs. The women textile workers were the angriest. The Tsar had forced them
off farms to work 60 hours a week in St Petersburg’s factories. Just as their fathers,
sons, and brothers had been forced to go to war.

 Russia in 1917 was a land where the First World War had taken a desperate toll.
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