Salvador Dali Compare and Constrast Essay

This essay has a total of 1216 words and 5 pages.

Salvador Dali

Genius or madman? Salvador Dali has been referred to as both throughout the course of his
seventy-eight-year career. One who has seen any of his artwork will uncertainly question
the sanity of Salvador Dali. Dali is best known for his surrealist works and many consider
him the most brilliant Surrealist of his time. But to understand the enigma that is
Salvador Dali, one must take a look back into his childhood, his family, and his

Salvador Dali was born in Figueras, Spain to father Don Salvador Dali y Cusi and mother
Felipa Domenech. The year was 1904. The answering machine had just been invented as well
as the first flat-disk phonograph. A remarkable new child’s toy had been created, and
dubbed the “Teddy Bear.” In 1907, his sister, Ana Maria, was born. Dali, being the only
young male in a female-dominated household, was pampered by his overprotective mother,
grandmother, aunt, and nurse. All this attention was not enough for Dali, and he
constantly sought ways to seek more. He frequently threw tantrums and would induce
coughing fits on himself. He purposely would wet his bed to anger his father. Dali
continued this until he reached the age of eight, when he discovered he could anger his
father much more intensely by getting himself into trouble at school. By the age of 10,
Dali stopped acting out so much, and began to show an interest in art. He produced his
first painting. By the time he was 15, he had already set up his own art exhibition. In
1921, a 17-year-old Salvador Dali entered the Madrid Fine Arts School, hoping to fuel his
interest in Futurism and Cubism. However, Dali was suspended for a year after urging all
students to rebel against the school’s authorities. In 1926, the school decided to expel
Dali for similar reasons.

In 1929, Salvador Dali developed an interest in Surrealism, and joined the movement. Dali
began developing his method, which he eventually would name “Paranoic-critical” and
describe as a “spontaneous method of irrational knowledge based on critical and systematic
objectivation of delirious associations and interpretations.” In the following years, Dali
produced three paintings: in 1929 he produced ‘The Lugubrious Game’; in 1931 he finished
work on the painting he is most well known for, ‘The Persistence of Memory’; finally in
1932 he produced ‘Surrealist Objects, Gauges of Instantaneous Memory’. Dali had created
his trademark “soft watches” for which he is now famous. It was during this time when Dali
met Gala Eluard, with whom he eloped in 1929. She became his model, his agent, his
inspiration, and eventually, his reason for living. She would be the only woman in his
life for the remainder of his years.

In the continuing years, Dali painted less, and opted to spend more time developing his
method. He began to read the ideas of Freud, and found new inspiration. He sought to
explore the unconscious mind, the dream world. He was fascinated with the state of
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