Sams Essay

This essay has a total of 638 words and 4 pages.

Sams

Seth Loosli
Ancient Egyptian Burial
12 October 2001
Ancient Egyptian Burial
A profound belief in life after death is why burials in ancient Egypt are so elaborate.
There was two different ways to artificially preserve bodies. When the Ancient Egyptians
buried their dead they did not want the bodies to be washed away by the floods. They also
didn't want to use up valuable farmland for cemeteries. The dead were buried close to the
villages in the higher elevated dry deserts that covered the Nile.

One-way of preserving a body was the linen and plaster method. The body would be wrapped
in many layers of preservative linen. This would give the body the look of mummies that
are in today's movies. The idea of wrapping the bodies in linen was to preserve as much as
the body's features as possible. The linen and plaster was used to hold the shape of the
face.

Another widely used method of preserving bodies has to do with Natron. Natron is a natural
salt that is found in Egypt. The salts would dry out the body parts so rotting would go
slow. Salts were used to "pickle" a dead body. The Egyptians experimented with many
different ways of mummifying. Only kings and their royal wives were buried in pyramids.
Funerals depended on how much money you had. There were many different burials for
different people. The poor, craftsmen and artists, nobles and courtiers, royal family, and
the kings had different methods in which they were buried.

The poor people didn't have very elaborate funerals. They were just buried in the sand.
Given the gifts of a pot, some food and some other small goods is what poor people used to
survive in the world after life. Craftsmen and artists were buried with a little more care
but the burials were still not fancy at all. Buried in the fetal position they were
basically just thrown in the dirt and mud.

The nobles and courtiers were sometimes given the gift of a tomb. The nobles and courtiers
were buried in shafts that sometimes were nice. The families of the nobles were sometimes
buried with them. Just as poor people wanted to be buried near the rich to share in their
offerings, the courtiers and nobles wanted to be near the king in death. People thought
that their chance of an afterlife was better if they were placed near the king they had
served. For the royal family was given a cemetery of their own and the wives of kings were
sometimes placed in small pyramids, not all queens were buried this way. The King's sons
and some queens were buried in a large mastaba. Most kings were buried in pyramids; others
chose to be buried in different ways. There are nearly a hundred pyramids in Egypt, some
are big and some are small.

Soon after death, the body was taken to the wabet, the 'pure place,' where the embalming
actually was carried on. This appears to have been a tent, away from residential areas, on
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