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Charles Darwin
By: Melissa

Charles Darwin By: Melissa Paul Charles Robert Darwin, as he was known in full, brought
many interesting ideas to the world of science. He was credited for developing the
evolutionary theory by natural selection and also for discovering a species of frog while
in South America. Darwin has many followers of his theory of evolution but there are many
people who are trying to disprove his theory. These people have showed that their
different theories prove Darwin could not have been correct in every aspect of his theory,
but there is no absolute right or wrong to the theory of evolution. The world will
continue to be divided on the subject of evolution. Charles Darwin was born on February
18, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He is the son of Robert Waring Darwin and Susannah
Wedgwood Darwin. His father, Robert Darwin, was a physician and naturalist. Eramus Darwin
was Charles Darwin's paternal grandfather. He was a poet, philosopher, and naturalist.
Eramus Darwin was also the author of Zoonomia, which is more commonly known as the Law of
Organic Life. Charles Darwin's maternal grandfather was Josiah Wedgwood. Josiah Wedgwood
was an artisan-entrepreneur. Charles Darwin is best known for developing the theory of
evolution by natural selection. Charles Darwin spent his childhood in England. When
Charles was at the young age of eight his mother died. After his mother's death adoring
sisters and an older brother raised him. As a young child, in a Divinity School in
Shrewbury, it was stressed that he learn the classics, but he was a very uninspired
student. He was repeatedly reprimanded for wasting his time collecting animal specimens,
especially beetles, and performing chemical experiments. At sixteen he went to The
University of Edinburgh to study medicine. He had planned to study medicine, but he could
not take the sight of surgery without anesthetics so he did not continue in that field.
The fact that Darwin did not show enthusiasm in the field of medicine disappointed his
father very much. Then Darwin was sent to The University of Cambridge in 1827. Here he was
to study for the clergy. The clergy is the body of people ordained for religious work such
as ministers, pastors, and priest. (The World Book Encyclopedia, Volume 1, page 389)
However, his academic record reflected his lack of interest in his studies of this field.
He eventually abandoned it completely and never became a clergyman. Charles Darwin
received money from his father, which made it unnecessary for him to acquire a job and
allowed him the freedom to work as an independent scientist. Since he did not become a
clergyman, as his schooling had prepared him, Darwin proposed to his first cousin, Emma
Wedgwood. They were married on January 29, 1839. She was a devoted wife and brought money
and housewifery skills that provided him an environment to work in peacefully for forty
years. During this forty years Charles and Emma Darwin had ten children. Two that died
when they were infants and one, Anne, died when she was ten years old. (1994-2000
Encyclopedia Britannica). They had five surviving sons and three surviving daughters.
Charles Darwin was known as a British naturalist even from a young age because of his
interest in the animal species. A naturalist is a person who makes a study of animals and
plants, especially in their native habitats. (The World Book Encylopedia, Volume 2, page
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