Schizophrenia

This essay has a total of 1032 words and 5 pages.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects about one percent of the population.
Generally if you have schizophrenia you cut out of contact with real world reality. The
word Schizophrenia is Greek for "split mind". It is common belief that a person with
schizophrenia or a "schizo" has a split personality, but actually the person's thinking,
feelings, and behavior are so far from normal that they get to the point where they
interfere with their ability to function in everyday life. People who are suffering from
schizophrenia think and act in their own world, which sets them apart from the society
around them. About one hundred year ago schizophrenia was first recognized as a mental
disorder that scientists have been researching sense, hoping to some day find a cure. The
exact cause for schizophrenia is still unknown; scientists believe there is more than one
cause for the disease. Most people that have this disease accept the fact but are not
willing to receive the necessary treatment, or follow professional advice. To observers,
schizophrenia seems like a disease or "madness" because people who have this disorder
behave differently to the people that are considered "normal." It impairs a person from
doing work, going to school, taking care of themselves or having a social relationship
with others. By looking at the symptoms, it is sometimes hard to classify schizophrenia as
a disease because it enables those inflicted with it to develop new ways of expressing
themselves, such as communication, and creativity. A disease is usually some kind of
sickness that leads to death or heavy medication. Scientists believe that schizophrenia
may be caused from genetics; this is also under discussion because kids from a parent with
schizophrenia don't always get it. Because of this theory scientists have been studying
identical twins, due to the fact that they have the exact same genetic make up. However,
evidence seems to break this theory. This is because in some of the cases both twins have
developed schizophrenia, and in others only one twin developed the disorder. Both men and
women are just as likely to develop the disorder; generally the males have had more severe
symptoms than the females. About ten percent of the people with schizophrenia end their
life by committing suicide.

Usually schizophrenia develops between the ages of fifteen to thirty. Earlier symptoms may
develop rapidly in the beginning but slows down over the months or years. There are two
areas or classifications in which schizophrenia is classified, positive and negative.
Positive symptoms are those which cause the patient to actively do things. These include
delusions, hallucinations, mood changes such as excitement or depression, and acute
thought disorder. Negative symptoms are those that come on insidiously and are
characterized by what the patient fails to do. These include lack of volition, emotional
flattening, and withdrawal from society so that there is inability to communicate or
socialize.

Schizophrenics tend to do things those not suffering from schizophrenia typically would
not do. This is why mostly people think schizophrenia is a disease. However to the
schizophrenic themselves, they do not think that what they are doing is very bizarre. For
example, they may talk to themselves, walk backwards, suddenly make loud laughs and funny
faces, or even masturbate in public. Sometimes, schizophrenics may perform an action
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