Secrets unrevealed Essay

This essay has a total of 1734 words and 8 pages.

secrets unrevealed



The first study of clandestine operations was initiated 1988 in hopes of learning about
the relationship between the President and the intelligence committees of Congress.
Stephan F. Knott, an Assistance Professor of Political Science at the Untied States Air
Force Academy, picked up this study of clandestine operations. In Knott's recently
published book (1996) Secret and Sanctioned, he unveils the reality that not only were
clandestine operations in the Cold War recently, been had also been used in times dating
back to our Forefathers. Knott's account of covert operations involving some of our most
admired leaders (George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln etc.) gives clear
evidence that even the most admired respected of our leaders weren't completely honest
dealers.

The fact that covert operations were undoubtedly active in the times our Forefathers are
illustrated within the realm of Secret and Sanctioned. Knott's main purpose in writing
this book was to notify his audience that the age-old tradition of clandestine operations
wasn't started with a new generation of politicians, but had been embedded within the
political system since the beginning of the American Revolution. Knott worked with several
well-educated professors in research of his book, he consulted many different sources such
as Professor Dennis Hale, a chairman of the Political Science Department at Boston College
and Arthur S. Hulnik a professor of International Relations at Boston College as his
resources of information about American intelligence activity.

Stephan F. Knott details several different cases in which covert operations were
throughout the years. His first subject was the covert operations, which involved George
Washington's plan to capture William the IVth, the heir to the throne of England while had
authorized on his stay in the states in March of 1782. Washington had authorized three
kidnappings, that of Benedict Arnold, Sir Henry Clinton William the IVth. Washington also
used the death penalty without a second thought to get the information needed.

In one plot in the book with the characters John Jay and Alexander Hamilton, statesmen in
1700's, who both made great impact regarding the American Intelligence Capability through
their writing and through their actions as influential political leaders. They were both
involved in clandestine activities in the government during the time that they had served
in the American Revolution. Hamilton worked under Washington taking care of many
clandestine operations as Jay took the counterintelligence and espionage activities in New
York. John Jay an appointed member of the Committee of Secret Correspondence by the
Continental Congress was very happy that he got selected to head up an intelligence
network with our "Britain friends." Jay established oversea operations with the French. It
was Jay first introduced invisible ink to Silas Deane to use as he traveled through enemy
territories with the persona of a merchant from the colonies. Deane used the invisible ink
in order to correspond with Jay as he spied on foreign relations. In case of exposure it
was important that the letters were written in a way that ensured that only certain
person's could decipher the real meanings of each document. Deane's secret mission was to
pieces for twenty-five thousand men. The letters that used in order to communicate with
one another sounded lie ordinary letters and could only be deciphered by the intended
readers. Many letters contained information about the military and what they had supplies
as far as the amount of supplies carried on a certain ship. Knott then went on to talk
about funding that was relevant for the clandestine activities that had happened during
the term of George Washington and thereafter.

Washington set up the Contingency Fund during the Revolutionary War as means of supporting
his intelligence operations. It was used primarily for foreign policy making giving the
president control of the agreements. This bill was debated with an unknown diplomatic
appointment. The House of Representatives wanted to know what Washington was going to
spend money on. Washington's side argued that the House only needed to be concerned with
whether or not salaries are to be made or not. Some House member were strongly against
giving the president so much executive power, so the debate lasted months as the House and
the Senate met and decided at last that they would pass the bill but would only give the
stipulation of thirty thousand dollars. The president did however have certain
limitations. The general appropriation allowed the president to decide where to appoint
executive agents while consulting Senate. This decision was brought up Congressman Lee who
thought that the president shouldn't be able the president should have to consult another
authority. While he argued this point, another congressman by the name of Smith was
contradictory toward taking the power away from the president saying that the president
needed to be able to exercise his executive power to the fullest. The bill was finally
passed in April of 1790 after much debate. The bill gave the president the executive power
to act as he chose.



Thomas Jefferson is a great example of use of executive power in clandestine operations.
Jefferson was for the belief that the president had the right to authority in order to
broaden the American interests and send them abroad. Jefferson was an American interests
and send them abroad. Jefferson was a French envoy and secretary of state before he became
president of the Untied States. During that time he completed many missions and as
president he planned many missions and made it possible for these missions as president he
planned many missions and made it possible for these missions and made possible for these
guts of foreign governments. Jefferson worked at the internal government Jefferson used
many different types of covert operations. His strategies in clandestine activities
included bribing foreign leaders, toppling a foreign government and providing indirect but
tangible assistance to an insurgency designed to remove the Old World Powers from the
North America continent. Jefferson loved his New World (America) as he referred to it and
did not care for the Old World (foreign countries). He thought of the foreign lands ads
uncivilized and liked to try and help foreign countries by influencing them with his own
policies that he used in the Americas. His need to put the Americas above foreign
relations drove Jefferson to make heinous operations occur.
Continues for 4 more pages >>