Essay on Security

This essay has a total of 941 words and 4 pages.


The use of computers within the business and government sector has said to have ‘rapidly
increased over the last fifteen years'; this therefore provides a whole new prospect for a
distinctive criminal to prosper, and in most cases, to go utterly undiscovered. It has
been anticipated that, unless this particular problem is tackled head on, losses from the
computer crime may eventually reach $50 billion per year. One expert in the field has
estimated that, under present law the chances of a computer criminal being convicted are 1
in 500, and of going to jail as 1 in 1000. The possibility of corporations or banks going
bankrupt as a result of computer theft is very real. W. John Taggart, "Computer Law in
Australia". There are many forms of computer abuse, yet they have come to many solutions.
Many penalties if the criminals get caught and yet there are many weaknesses in computer
law. With the expeditions rate of advances in technology, coping with those classified as
‘computer criminals' who are always one step ahead, is virtually impossible. They may
‘patch up' faults in previous systems, however do not recognise faults in latest systems
until it's too late.

Computer crime involves the unauthorised and unlawful use of a computer. Given growth of
technology in our society, the incidence of computer rime is a matter of considerable
concern for our law-makers. The cost of computer crime in the United States has been
estimated to be at least $5000 million a year. (Cudmor, Greg "Computer Law", page 8). Who
would be classified as a ‘computer criminal'? It is said that often the ‘computer
criminal' is a trusted employee and the problem for organisations seems to be internal

The community considers computer crime, as being less serious than other crimes against
property, such as burglary or car theft, as it is not violent or public. In many instances
computer crime is not always reported, due to the complexity of information systems. It is
sometimes possible for offences to be concealed and often victims are unaware that an
offence has even been committed.

A reason for computer crime not being reported is when the crime is discovered companies
defrauded of tremendous sums of money are sometimes ashamed to report a breach of
security. Another reason is that the offender is sometimes and employee of the company and
if the harm is not significant the company may discipline or dismiss the offender. In this
instance the offender may not have intended to steal money but rather punish the company
because of perceived injustice.

Computer crime appears in a number of forms; malicious damage, unlawful trespass and use
(theft of computer time), theft of information, unauthorised alteration of information,
fraud by computer manipulation and pirating computer software, hacking and creating
viruses to destroy information systems and hard drives. People are merely coping with the
rate of technology, let alone the rate of computer criminology.

There are various methods used to help ensure that a database is secure such as; the
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