Term Paper on Sikhism

This essay has a total of 920 words and 5 pages.


A way of life and philosophy well ahead of its time when it was founded over 500 years
ago, The Sikh religion today has a following of over 20 million people worldwide. Sikhism
preaches a message of devotion and remembrance of God at all times, truthful living,
equality of mankind, social justice and denounces superstitions and blind rituals. Sikhism
is open to all through the teachings of its 10 Gurus enshrined in the Sikh Holy Book and
Living Guru, Sri Guru Granth Sahib.

Who and What is a Sikh?
The word 'Sikh' in the Punjabi language means 'disciple', Sikhs are the disciples of God
who follow the writings and teachings of the Ten Sikh Gurus. The wisdom of these teachings
in Sri Guru Granth Sahib are practical and universal in their appeal to all mankind.

"I observe neither Hindu fasting nor the ritual of the Muslim Ramadan month; Him I serve
who at the last shall save. The Lord of universe of the Hindus, Gosain and Allah to me are
one; From Hindus and Muslims have I broken free. I perform neither Kaaba pilgrimage nor at
bathing spots worship; One sole Lord I serve, and no other. I perform neither the Hindu
worship nor the Muslim prayer; To the Sole Formless Lord in my heart I bow. We neither are
Hindus nor Muslims; Our body and life belong to the One Supreme Being who alone is both
Ram and Allah for us." (Guru Arjan Dev, Guru Granth Sahib, Raga Bhairon pg. 1136)

"Any human being who faithfully believes in: (i) One Immortal Being, (ii) Ten Gurus, from
Guru Nanak Dev to Guru Gobind Singh, (iii) The Guru Granth Sahib, (iv) The utterances and
teachings of the ten Gurus and, (v) the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does
not owe allegiance to any other religion is a Sikh." (Reht Maryada, Sikh Code of Conduct)

Philosophy and BeliefsThere is only One God. He is the same God for all people of all religions.
The soul goes through cycles of births and deaths before it reaches the human form. The
goal of our life is to lead an exemplary existence so that one may merge with God. Sikhs
should remember God at all times and practice living a virtuous and truthful life while
maintaining a balance between their spiritual obligations and temporal obligations.

The true path to achieving salvation and merging with God does not require renunciation of
the world or celibacy, but living the life of a householder, earning a honest living and
avoiding worldly temptations and sins.

Sikhism condemns blind rituals such as fasting, visiting places of pilgrimage,
superstitions, worship of the dead, idol worship etc.

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