Slaver and Politics Essay

This essay has a total of 875 words and 4 pages.

Slaver and Politics



The extent to which the debate over slavery was not really about black people but about
whites can be seen politically, socially, religiously and economically.

Slavery affecting politics is demonstrated politically in the Lincoln-Douglas debates.
The real arguments were over which side, the north or the south, would gain more power
from slavery by making it either a slave state or a free state. Douglas argued that
slaves were not equal to whites in any fashion and they should not be free, which would
give them a chance to be equal. Douglas states,” I believe this government was made on
the white basis.” He further states,” I believe it was made by white men, for the benefit
of white men and their prosperity for ever, and I am in favor for continuing citizenship
to white men, men out of European birth and decent, instead of conferring it upon Negro’s,
Indians and other inferior races.” He attempts to degrade the blacks by deciphering the
constitution in his own opinion. He feels the signers of the declaration of independents
never dreamed of the Negro when they were writing that document. (1). He goes on to say,”
Do you believe that everyone who signed the declaration of independents declared the Negro
his equal and then was hypocrite enough to hold him as a slave, in violation of what he
believed to be the divine law?” Lincoln agreed that blacks were inferior yet insisted
that this in no way should stand in the way of their natural rights (2). He does not feel
that they are worthy of being coworkers with whites but feels they should not be slaves.
Lincoln states,” I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of making voters or jurors of
Negro’s, nor of qualifying them to hold office, not to intermarry with white people, and I
will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the white and
black races which I believe will forbid the two races living together on terms of social
and politically equality.” These augments over slavery were really arguments for power of
states being either a slave state or a free state. Slavery became another issue in which
the republicans and democrats took opposing sides on. Their whole purpose of arguing
their side on the topic of slavery is to gain votes for their respective party. The
debates over slavery were not over the well being of the slaves but rather for increased
power of the two parties.

The issue over slavery argued economically stating that slaves kept the southern
agricultural nation, which meant they were dependent on the north for industrial goods.
Even though there were people in the south that worked with manufacturing industrial
goods, there was no demand for it, even from the southerners. Helper states,” Owing to
the absence of a proper system of business amongst us, the north becomes, in one way or
another, the proprietor and dispenser of our floating wealth, and that we are dependent on
northern capitalists for the means necessary to build our rail roads, canals and other
public improvements.” Only a small minority benefited financially from having slavery
and a much larger ignorant population of slave owners live in poverty and forced to flee
from their homes (3). Helper blames their economic inferiority on the slaves. He is not
against the use of slavery or how its morally wrong but more concerned with the balanced
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