Slavery going on today in world Essay

This essay has a total of 1165 words and 6 pages.

Slavery going on today in world

Anna Francke
CJS 102
Library assignment 1

Slavery is an issue Americans wish is still apart of our past. However it is still taking
place in many countries around the world. One of these many countries is Sudan. Sudan is
a fairly large country located in northeast Africa. In Sudan women and children are
still the result of slavery.

In order to understand the current conditions of Sudan, the history is very important. In
632, the beginning of Islam brought many positive things to the country such as political
unity and economic growth. However, as early as 1839 the northern Arabs began raiding the
villages taking African Americans into slavery. The slaves were then sold in world slave
markets as well as being domestic slaves. In 1881 the Turkish-Egyptian control diminished
when Mahdist revolted. Mandi rule was between 1885 and 1898 when slavery flourished.
However, the Sudan was recaptured by the Anglo-Egyptians in 1898. Official slave trade
was abolished but domestic trade continued. When Sudan was under the Anglo-Egyptian rule
the northern part of Sudan and the southern part of Sudan was governed under different
rule. The Arab-Islamic influence was in the south. Sudan regained its independence in
1956, but the two different states had many differences. These differences were history,
culture, race, geography, and religion. These differences led to a Civil War in 1956.

In the Sudan Civil Wars, it is simply the north verses the south. The north is Muslim
with an Arab heritage, whereas, the south is Christian and an African heritage. The Arab
heritage has always treated the south as thought they were a minority. Also, the south
has been isolated from the north by its geography. The south’s geography has prevented
them from participating in the country’s political, economic, and social life.

Islam points of view are strong in the northern part of Sudan where the southern area is
mostly absent of Islamic views. In 1983 President Nimeiri imposed that the entire country
to follow the Sharia law (Islamic law by Islamic beliefs). The current Khartoum
government wants the southern area to follow Sharia law. Since the Christian south had
many slave raids by Arabs from the north and the east, therefore, resisting Muslim
religious rule. The southerners want total separation, federation, or a unified secular
state with freedom for all minorities. This south’s struggle for separation led to two
civil wars, the first ending in 1972 with a proposed federation. That solution dissolved
into a second war in the mid-1980s, which is still continuing.

War has affected the traditional systems for the protection of women’s rights, and the
treatment of women and girls has become worse. Population has increased prostitution,
rape, and sexually transmitted diseases. Female children are forced into early marriages,
and child labor.

There are generally two different types of slavery, old slavery and new slavery. Old
slavery has the following characteristics: legal ownership, high purchase cost, low
profits, shortage of slaves, long term relationships with slaves, and large ethnic
differences. New slavery, however, has the following characteristics: no legal
ownership, low purchase cost, surplus of potential slaves, and short-term relationships.
Sudan has established a slavery system most similar to new slavery. Sudan has a large
amount of potential slaves from the south, and a fairly low purchase cost. Also, the
ownership is not legal.

Slavery has always flourished in the South because it was considered beyond Cairo’s
control. Annual raids would take place where thousands of southerners would become
slaves. This destructed the south’s’ region, stability, and economy. In 1993,the
International Labor Organization surveyed forced labor and slavery-like practices around
the world and noted that the practice of traditional slavery was growing in Sudan. The
International Labor Organization said it had received the first detailed reports on the
revival of Sudanese slavery in 1988, complete with allegations that the government had
provided arms to unofficial militia groups so that they could raid Dinka villages and
remove support for the rebels. Soldiers from the north would capture women, children, and
men from the south and force them to work without pay, force sex upon them, and were owned
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