South African Aparthied Essay

This essay has a total of 1062 words and 5 pages.

South African Aparthied



Throughout history imperialism has ravaged the under-dog, the smaller easily supressed territories.
The greater more dominant nation would use and exploit the people and land for their own use,
without concern for the devastation it is causing to the land, and society of these territories. The
modern history of the Australian Aboriginals and the African natives in South Africa are
complementing examples of Europeon imperialism and its implications. Racism and feelings of
white superiority were the main factors pushing both Aparthied and Segregation policies. They are
not only similar in their cause and inception, but in their execution and in the inevitable detriment of
the supressed nonwhite races.


Discrimination against nonwhites was inherent in South African society from the earliest days.
Since the British settled in South Africa in 1795 there has been social, economic, and political
exclusion, being ruled by whites despite the fact that whites held about 10% of the population.
Segregation and inequality between whites and other races had existed as a matter of custom and
practice, but after 1948 these practices were made into firm-standing laws. These new laws marked
the start of apartheid as the country’s official policy as well as the start of the National Party’s reign
of power. The National Party stressed white supremacy and promoted separated development. .
This separated development entitled that the races be segregated, moving nonwhites out of urban
areas into the outskirts of city into so-called “home lands” or bantustans with people of their own
race. This policy of seperate development can be compared to the policy of segregation which was
inacted upon Aboriginals in Australia. Under this policy Aboriginals were moved from their
traditional homelands and moved onto government owned reserves.

Aborignials and South Africans living in their segregated environments had few civil rights. In
South Africa the National Party implemented more laws; that determined what jobs nonwhites
could get, what type of education they could receive, who they could come into contact with, the
facilities they could use, what race they could marry, and the positions they could hold in politics;
none. The National Party, under the control of Hendrik Verwoerd, further alienated nonwhite
citizens by passing a law that made them citizens of their own bantustans, not citizens of South
Africa. The National Party rationalized, saying that this law gave blacks an opportunity to
participate in a political process within the bantustans. However, their real motives were get out of
paying welfare to millions of nonwhites without losing the benefits of an endless supply of cheap
labor. These conditions were almost mirrored on the government reserves the Aborignals resided in.
They were under the total control of the appointed manager of the reserve, and had to ask permission
to marry or leave the reserve. Aboriginals were not counted on the census and forbidden to vote in
elections. Any money they did earn was turned over to the manager. In short they were almost
slaves.

The entire ethnic population was in total disagreement with the South African government’s attempt
to eliminate their rights. While the start of apartheid was not a memorable moment in South
Africa’s history, it was a major factor in shaping the nation. Many political parties and
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