South African Food Security and the lack of Transp Essay

This essay has a total of 850 words and 5 pages.

South African Food Security and the lack of Transport Systems

Bus. Policy 402

South African Food Security and the lack of Transport Systems

Agriculture is often a major part of any countries’ economy. It not only serves as a
means of feeding the nations’ people, but also may serve as an excellent export to other
countries. We are all familiar with Florida Oranges, Idaho Potatoes, and even Wisconsin
Cheese. These have become famous for their unique taste or perhaps just marketability,
which is an important strategy of foodstuffs next to the transportation systems. For
example, because ours in the U.S. are up to date, it allows us to get certain crops, such
as rice from Japan in a timely, low cost manner. However, in the SADC (Southern African
Development Council) it is not that easy. Throughout this paper we will take a look at
why that is from past to present, define agricultural development and offer reasons why an
adequate transport system is necessary.

African agricultural development history can be broken down into four periods:
Pre-colonial, colonial, post-colonial and present day. There is similarities and
differences between these periods that may offer some insight to how Africa grew into the
situations they now face.

Agriculture at this time was classified by subsistence farming and shifting cultivation
due to a low land population. All food or most was cultivated for consumption by farmers
and others who lived nearby and was directly linked to nutrition. At this time transport
systems were virtually unnecessary.

Agriculture during the colonial period, 1880 to mid 1960, was drastically altered and
turned from being self-sufficient to on the verge of starvation. Colonization imposed the
farming of cash crops along with several market and tax policies. This separated
agriculture form nutrition, the backbone of African farming. The land needed to be under
constant cultivation, rather than seasonal which was another way the Europeans exploited
the Africans. Transport systems at this time were designed to have raw materials exported
from coastal areas and import manufactured goods.

Before the arrival of the 1960’s a few countries became independent once again and rushed
to become industrialized in order to keep up with the modern world. However, the economy
continued to suffer because the agricultural produce sold often did not return its actual
value. The “elites” were similar to the Euro rule and favored imported goods to satisfy
appetites as opposed to agriculture, which became viewed as demeaning and backward.
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