Southern Scandinavian Hunters and Gatherers Essay

This essay has a total of 984 words and 5 pages.

Southern Scandinavian Hunters and Gatherers





To discuss how the environment may have affected the subsistence and social organization
of the late Hunter-Gatherer communities of Southern Scandinavian you must take in affect
the Basic Evidence. This form of Basic Evidence consists of such topics, as were the
hunters and gatherers were settled, also what was the type of environment around them.
You also have to take in effect were the resources where in their environment and finally
what was the number of hunter and gatherers that, that environment and those resources had
to support. All this will be briefly answered and briefly explained.

When you talk about the settlement of a hunter-gatherer group or a type of tribe you could
be talking about many settlements with in the same area because of the need of certain
resources in an environment full of growth and prosperity. A settlement of a
hunter-gatherer would most likely at that time of Ertebølle Culture around 4,000 B.C. and
would be consisted of some type resourceful sources of freshwater, like lakes or streams.
Also that settlement of area would have to accommodate many types of animals in many
different types of seasons, due to the fact that not many if any types or methods of
storage of food over a long period of time were known during this time. This settlement
of area would also have to accommodate many types of nuts, berries, fruit and birds. The
problem of storing food does fluctuate from settlement to settlement; so different groups
of hunter-gatherers may have had different advantages over their neighbors. Freshwater
sources would also have to have abundant sources of fish and that the hunter-gatherer
would have to have the knowledge of many than one type of fishing during many seasons. An
example is if there were to be an ice patch over the source of water during certain winter
months. Still the prize of many hunters and gatherers were the large game, such as deer,
elk and roe, which would bring meat for food, skins for clothes and warmth and bones and
antlers for tools and weapons. Hunters and gatherers would stay in a certain or specific
area for as long as that areas resources could sustain their number of people for many
seasons.

With this type of settlement in staying in one area comes few to many problem of, if that
environments resources can stand up to demands of a hunter-gatherer society of growth,
possible war, and seasonal changes in needs. For example if an hunter-gatherer group
grows in numbers in a short time, the question arises will their be enough food for the
whole group to survive over possible changes season to season and if another settlement of
hunter-gatherer moves in close to the previous group. And if so will that settlement be
able to keep providing for that group of expanding population. If that area cannot with
hold the expansion of population than the hunter-gatherer has one other option. First
they can expand their boundaries of their settlement area. This may cause war against
their neighbors if there are any. Or second that hunter-gatherer can maybe split their
numbers to survive, with one group leaving and the other stay. Another problem that could
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