Stages of development Essay

This essay has a total of 2343 words and 9 pages.


stages of development





I was born on November 22, 1980 at approximately 2:18 a.m., in Richmond Hill Ontario. My
birth weight was 8lbs. 7oz. and I was 14 in. long. My mother was thirteen days overdue
with me. As I grew older I seemed to develop at a normal pace. Crawling at eight months,
walking at thirteen months and talking fluently at 32 months

“What’s out of sight, is out of mind.” (Myers, D.G. 2000). This one
of Piaget’s theories for the sensorimotor stage. It was definitely part of my
development between the ages of birth and two years, but this was only for a very brief
time when I was very young. I feel that object permanence, the awareness that things
exist even when not visible, is part of a childs early years and that it’s an
important milestone with age development. It shows the beginning of a childs mind
learning to problem solve and think. Object permanence, in my opinion, only applies to
young children. I feel that after the age of 8 months it no longer affects them.

Another developmental phenomena as proposed by Piaget is stranger anxiety. When I was
young I never suffered from stranger anxiety, according to my mother, I would walk right
up to strangers like I new them my whole life. I see some similarities in my life now. I
make friends fairly easy and not many people intimidate me, as far as being shy goes.
Stranger anxiety seems to very common among children, I think that infants that are kept
in the home around the same familiar faces suffer from it more than those who play with
the neighbors kids and are always visiting different people.

Erickson had a whole different way of writing the developmental stages for infants.
“If needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic trust.” (Myers,
D.G. 2000). This to me is the same idea with Piaget’s theory of stranger anxiety.
By developing trust and mistrust comes to be why infants would be afraid of strangers. If
a stranger does something different to a child that they don’t recognize and
don’t like, I feel that they will remember the incident and become more and more
weary of strangers as more incidents happen. A strange story that comes into play with my
life happened when I was a little older.

I was about ten years old and home from school sick. At about ten o’clock in the
morning my mom left to go to the grocery store and left me at the house. I was down the
basement playing Nintendo when I heard heavy boots walking upstairs. Well I went up the
stairs to investigate, as I peaked around the corner I discovered a man wearing all black
with a ski mask on in my house. He spotted me at the same time, and we both ran for the
door, him out the back and me out the side. I ran across the street to the neighbors who
called the police. It didn’t have much effect on me, but it did make me weary of
people wearing black ski masks, even to this day I hate seeing people wear them. Not
necessarily stranger anxiety but I think it relates.

Erickson also said “Toddlers learn to exercise will and do things for themselves, or
they doubt their abilities.” (Myers D.G. 2000). I don’t agree with this
statement very much, because children learning how to do things on their own is part of
growing up. Being successful and failing, either way helps a child grow. When I was at
this young age my mother said that I got bored and frustrated very easily. I feel that
children get frustrated very easily with things they can’t figure out and that it is
stressful to them. Failing, I don’t believe makes a child doubt their abilities one
little bit. Their minds aren’t capable of realizing self-esteem issues and they
forget about it in a minute or so.

The next stage in Piaget’s theory is the preoperational stage. It applies to
children between the ages of about 2 to 6 years. He said that children begin
“Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning.”
(Myers, D.G. 2000). As far as associating things with words, this was true for me at much
younger age. I began to associate things with words between the ages of 14 mo. and two
years, when my language really began to pick-up. As I stated earlier I was speaking
fluently at 32 mo. which is very early into the preoperational stage. By this statement,
I think he was into an older range of children. He also mentioned that “A child
lacks the concept of conservation – the principle that quantity remains the same
despite changes in shape.” (Myers, D.G. 2000). I agree with this statement 100
percent. I can remember a very specific incident with my little brother when we were both
very young. We were playing hockey in the basement and he was the goalie. He asked me
not to shoot it hard, so I lightly flipped the ball into the air so it was bouncing
towards him. He immediately ran up stairs crying saying I was shooting the ball to hard.
Yet in all reality the ball was barely moving towards him.

Egocentrism, not being able to see things from another’s point of view, is another
thing all kids experience. I have a 22-month-old daughter, who displays it all the time.
One of her favorite games is to cover her face, so we can’t see her. My wife and I
play along, calling her name and looking for her. It’s an interesting thing to see.
I don’t believe that children are the only sufferers’ though. I’ve
seen adults display similar behavior several different times.

Erickson theory of initiative vs. guilt, “Preschoolers learn to initiate tasks and
carry out plans, or they feel guilty about efforts to be independent.” (Myers, D.G.
2000). When talking to my family I came to the conclusion that from the experience
I’ve had around little kids and from what I was told about myself is that this
statement is ridiculous. I don’t think preschoolers feel guilt about things unless
they are put down. If they do something wrong and they know its wrong I don’t think
that there mind process’ fast enough for them to feel it. Now if you point it out
to them and ask them why they did it and make them feel guilty for it then they do. They
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