Stories Of Scottsboro Essay

This essay has a total of 813 words and 3 pages.

Stories Of Scottsboro

Stories of Scottsboro. By James E. Goodman. (New York: Vintage Books. c.1994. pp. 274. $16.00)


Currently in the United States of America, there is a wave a patriotism sweeping across
this great land: a feeling of pride in being an American and in being able to call this
nation home. The United States is the land of the free and the home of the brave; however,
for the African-American citizens of the United States, from the inception of this country
to midway through the twentieth century, there was no such thing as freedom, especially in
the Deep South. Nowhere is that more evident than in Stories of Scottsboro, an account of
the Scottsboro trials of 1931-1937, where nine African-American teenage boys were falsely
accused of raping two white girls in Scottsboro, Alabama and no matter how much proof was
brought forth proving there innocence, they were always guilty. This was a period of
racism and bigotry in our country that is deeply and vividly portrayed though different
points of view through author James E. Goodman.

On March 25, 1931 nine African American youths were falsely accused and wrongfully
imprisoned for the rape of two white girls. Over the next six consecutive years, trials
were held to attempt to prove the innocence of these nine young men. The court battles
ranged from the U.S Supreme court to the Scottsboro county court with almost every
decision the same---guilty. Finally, with the proceedings draining Alabama financially and
politically, four of the boys had the charges against them dropped with one boy
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • Henry clay
    henry clay Clay was born on April 12, 1777, in Hanover County, Virginia. He was born to John Clay, a minister. His mother Elizabeth Hudson was After studying for the bar with the eminent George Wythe, Clay, at the age of 20, moved to Lexington, Kentucky, where he developed a thriving practice. He was blessed with a quick mind, a flair for oratory, and an ability to charm both sexes with his easy, attractive manner. That he loved to drink and gamble was no drawback in an age that admired both vic
  • The First Amendment
    The First Amendment No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violating the bounds of the First A
  • Truman
    Truman Harry S. Truman. ”Early Life Harry S. Truman, the oldest of three children born to Martha Ellen Young Truman and John Anderson Truman, was born in his family’s small frame house in Lamar, Missouri, in 1884. Truman had no middle name; his parents apparently gave him the middle initial S. because two family relatives names started with that letter. When Truman was six years old, his family moved to Independence, Missouri, where he attended the Presbyterian Church Sunday school. There he met
  • Truman s harry
    truman s harry Truman was a simple honest man. His impact on world history however was much more than simple. In his life he would take part in both world wars and serve two terms in office as president. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, on May 8, 1884. His full name was Harry S. Truman. The S did not stand for anything but was put there to appease his two relatives who’s names started with s. He was the eldest of three children with a younger brother Vivian, and a younger sister Mary Jane. Hi
  • Steinbeck
    steinbeck Well in this short report on John Steinbeck I am about to include all of the work that I have done in this class Including my full report on one of his books, a little background on Mr. Steinbeck and many other things, All out of the mind and the computer of Jeremy Slaven. An American author and winner of the 1962 Nobel Prize for literature, John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr., b. Salinas, Calif., Feb. 27, 1902, d. Dec. 20, 1968, based most of his novels on the American experience, often with sy
  • Huckleberry Finn
    Huckleberry Finn The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was written by Mark Twain. Mark Twain, born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in 1835, led one of the most exciting and adventuresome of literary lives. Raised in the river town of Hannibal, Missouri, Twain had to leave school at age twelve to seek work. He was successively a journeyman printer, a steamboat pilot, a halfhearted Confederate soldier (no more than a few weeks), and a prospector, miner and reporter in the western territories. His experience
  • Jesse Jackson
    Jesse Jackson Dorothy Chaplik “Up with Hope: A biography of Jesse Jackson” Dillon Press, 1986 Summary This book is about a virtuous leader, Jesse Jackson. It explains how he grew up in a hard time for blacks and how he was committed to being somebody. When Jesse was a little boy his grandmother urged him saying, “Jesse, promise me you’ll be somebody.” The Reverend Jesse Jackson understood the power of hope. Jesse’s childhood was tough for him. His mother and father weren’t married when she had J
  • One more river to cross
    One more river to cross One More River to Cross Crispus Attucks Crispus Attucks was the first American to die in cause of independence. He was born a slave in 1725, in Massachusetts. He was an expert livestock trader. On March 5, 1770, he left dinner after hearing strange fire bells. He then gathered an angry mob and went to where a British soldier was staying. The soldier shot into the crowd killing Attucks and injuring other civilians. Thousands attended his funeral. Madam C. J. Walker Madam C
  • Sound And the fury
    Sound And the fury THE SOUND AND THE FURY William Faulkner\'s background influenced him to write the unconventional novel The Sound and the Fury. One important influence on the story is that Faulkner grew up in the South. The Economist magazine states that the main source of his inspiration was the passionate history of the American South, centered for him in the town of Oxford, Mississippi, where he lived most of his life. Similarly, Faulkner turns Oxford and its environs, "my own little postag
  • AE Housman Scholar and Poet
    AE Housman Scholar and Poet A.E. Housman: Scholar and Poet Alfred Edward Housman, a classical scholar and poet, was born in Fockbury in the county of Worcestershire, England on March 26, 1859. His poems are variations on the themes of mortality and the miseries of human condition (Magill 1411). Most of Housman’s poems were written in the 1890’s when he was under great psychological stress, which made the tone of his poems characteristically mournful and the mood dispirited (Magill 1411). “In the
  • As i lie dying
    as i lie dying Addie Bundren - As the matriarch of the Bundren family, Addie is the absent protagonist of the novel. A former schoolteacher, she married Anse Bundren after a brief courtship and bore him four children: Cash, Darl, Dewey Dell and Vardaman. As the result of an affair with Whitfield, Addie is also mother to an illegitimate child, Jewel. At the outset of the novel, Addie is gravely ill, and dies soon thereafter. Her dying wish to be buried with her relatives in Jefferson, the capital
  • Nashville
    nashville Until the late 1770’s Middle Tennessee was largely unexplored, until a contingent of men and livestock made the difficult trek from Hillsborough, N.C. They traveled during the coldest winter of the century in total isolation in the undeveloped territory. They arrived on Christmas day 1779, and were met six months later by women and children. A fledgling community had been created. Expansion happened almost immediately for this small farming community. At the same time the Colonies had
  • Rocky Mountains or Rockies
    Rocky Mountains or Rockies Rocky Mountains or Rockies, great chain of rugged mountain ranges in western North America, extending from central New Mexico to northeastern British Columbia, a distance of about 3220 km (about 2000 mi). The Great Basin and the Rocky Mountain Trench, a valley running from northwestern Montana to northern British Columbia, border the Rockies on the east by the Great Plains and on the west. The Rocky Mountains form part of the Great, or Continental, Divide, which separa
  • Rocky Mountains or Rockies1
    Rocky Mountains or Rockies1 Rocky Mountains or Rockies, great chain of rugged mountain ranges in western North America, extending from central New Mexico to northeastern British Columbia, a distance of about 3220 km (about 2000 mi). The Rockies are bordered on the east by the Great Plains and on the west by the Great Basin and the Rocky Mountain Trench, a valley running from northwestern Montana to northern British Columbia. The Rocky Mountains form part of the Great, or Continental, Divide, whi
  • Tax Increment Financing contrasting effects
    Tax Increment Financing contrasting effects suburbanization in america By: Benjamin Limmer Limmer (1) AHousing is an outward expression of the inner human nature; no society can be understood apart from the residences of its members.@ That is a quote from the suburban historian Kenneth T. Jackson, from his magnificent piece on suburbanization Crabgrass Frontier. Suburbanization has been probably the most significant factor of change in U.S. cities over the last 50 years, and began 150 years ago.
  • James Knox Polk
    James Knox Polk James Knox Polk, (1795-1849), 11th President of the United States, he was one of the hardest-working presidents in American history, Polk was unusually successful in accomplishing in a single four-year term his ambitious goals in both domestic and foreign policy. The vigor with which he pushed the annexation of Texas, the settlement of the territorial dispute with Britain over Oregon, and the conquest of the Southwest through war with Mexico extended the territory of the United S
  • KKK2
    KKK2 During the winter of 1865 to 1866 in Pulaski, Tennessee, six former confederate army officers gave their society a name adapted from the Greek word "Kuklos", meaning "circle". The Ku Klux Klan began as a prankish social organization, but soon became a very serious organization which has changed the world. It’s activities soon were directed against the Republican Reconstruction governments. The group had become a permanent part of history forever. Most people are familiar with the Ku Klux Kl
  • Reform in the Age of jackson
    Reform in the Age of jackson “From about 1825 until the outbreak of the civil war in 1861, the atmosphere in the nation was one of reform” (Boardman, 122). There were five major reform movements present in 19th century America. There was the Utopianism/Communitarian Movement, which established an ideal society away from present politics. Educational reforms were important in the fact of creating taxes to support the public school system, higher education for adults, and mandatory education and a
  • Sam Houston
    Sam Houston Samuel Houston Sam Houston was as legend reports a big man about six foot and six inches tall. He was an exciting historical figure and war hero who was involved with much of the early development of our country and Texas. He was a soldier, lawyer, politician, businessman, and family man, whose name will be synonymous with nation heroes who played a vital part in the shaping of a young and prosperous country. He admired and supported the Native Americans who took him in and adopted h
  • Territorial florida
    territorial florida On March 10, 1821, President James Monroe appointed General Andrew Jackson to take possession of Florida and gave him the full powers of governor. Jackson accepted the office only on the condition that he could resign as soon as the territorial government was organized.(1) On July 17, 1821, Spain transferred Florida to the United States, and Jackson sent his resignation to the president in November. In all, Andrew Jackson visited Florida only three times: in 1814 during the W
  • Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), 16th PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Lincoln entered office at a critical period in U. S. history, just before the Civil War, and died from an assassin\'s bullet at the war\'s end, but before the greater implications of the conflict could be resolved. He brought to the office personal integrity, intelligence, and humanity, plus the wholesome characteristics of his frontier upbringing. He also had the liabilities of his upbringing--he was self-educated
  • Affirmative action
    affirmative action The naming of the California anti-affirmative proposition The Civil Rights Initiative several years ago and the naming of the Florida anti-affirmative action initiative One Florida now seems a lot like that scene from "The Stand" to me. The Civil Rights Initiative wasn\'t about civil rights and One Florida isn\'t about uniting people in support of minority and women-owned businesses or minority students. Instead, One Florida is Florida Gov. Jeb Bush\'s initiative to end affirm
  • Affirmative action
    affirmative action The naming of the California anti-affirmative proposition The Civil Rights Initiative several years ago and the naming of the Florida anti-affirmative action initiative One Florida now seems a lot like that scene from "The Stand" to me. The Civil Rights Initiative wasn\'t about civil rights and One Florida isn\'t about uniting people in support of minority and women-owned businesses or minority students. Instead, One Florida is Florida Gov. Jeb Bush\'s initiative to end affirm
  • BLACK RAGE HISTORICAL STUDY
    BLACK RAGE HISTORICAL STUDY BLACK RAGE: A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS Outline Thesis Statement: Throughout the history of the United States, as seen through an analysis of African-American literature and rhetoric, black rage has not only existed, but has grown. As the momentum toward equality is clearly evident in the black race’s struggle, the question of where (or when) this rage will subside (if ever) remains unanswered. In examining black rage, four distinct periods of American history should be con
  • Capitalizing on route structure
    capitalizing on route structure Introduction: The airline industry has grown at an incredible rate in the past, and is expected to increase at an even faster rate in the next twenty years. Delta Airlines has capitalized on this by being one of the leaders in air transportation, transporting more passengers worldwide than any other airline. In 1997, Delta became the first airline to carry 103 million passengers in one year. Delta has its headquarters located in Atlanta, Georgia where it can maint
  • Censorship and the Catcher in the Rye
    Censorship and the Catcher in the Rye Katie Johnson sent me the exact info about the censorship of "The Catcher in the Rye". She found it in "Banned Books: Suppressed on Social Grounds" by Dawn B. Sova. vol.2. New York: Facts on File, c.1998. \'The novel has long ignited disapproval, and it was the most frequently banned book in schools between 1966 and 1975. Even before that time, however, the work was a favorite target of sensors. In 1957, Australian Customs seized a shipment of the novels tha
  • Eudora Welty and Jack London
    Eudora Welty and Jack London There is a silent shadow which seems to mirror a gaunt, dark, figure who prowls the busy airports, silent streets, and even the cozy homes. There is no escaping this man, the destroyer. No walls are thick enough to shut him out, no mountain high enough to evade his wrath. He is death... he is predetermined... he is unpredictable...to some he is simply fascinating. The wish to live, the inability to believe in one’s own menacing death, the universal human faith in one
  • Freedom in America
    Freedom in America Freedom in America No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violating the bou
  • HSTruman
    HSTruman Truman by lindsey leverett Harry S. Truman. ÓEarly Life Harry S. Truman, the oldest of three children born to Martha Ellen Young Truman and John Anderson Truman, was born in his familyŐs small frame house in Lamar, Missouri, in 1884. Truman had no middle name; his parents apparently gave him the middle initial S. because two family relatives names started with that letter. When Truman was six years old, his family moved to Independence, Missouri, where he attended the Presbyterian Churc
  • Jessie jackson
    jessie jackson This book is about a virtuous leader, Jesse Jackson. It explains how he grew up in a hard time for blacks and how he was committed to being somebody. When Jesse was a little boy his grandmother urged him saying, “Jesse, promise me you’ll be somebody.” The Reverend Jesse Jackson understood the power of hope. Jesse’s childhood was tough for him. His mother and father weren’t married when she had Jesse and the community’s disapproval was felt. Another reason for the tough times in Je
  • John Tyler
    john Tyler Early Career John Tyler was born in Charles City county, Va., on March 29, 1790. A member of the tobacco-planting aristocracy of Tidewater Virginia, he was the son of John Tyler, governor of Virginia from 1808 to 1811, and Mary Armistead. Bent on a political career, he attended the College of William and Mary, graduating in 1807. He then studied law and in 1809 was admitted to the bar. Two years later, at the age of 21, he was elected to the Virginia legislature. Then began a career i
  • Local News
    Local News Aimee Yeoman 01/29/03 EMST 3530 - Durham News is an important form of communication, it can structure our daily lives, and for many, it’s the window to the outside world. . Throughout the modern age, news’ main function has always been to report the new events of the day and provide information about current events. Anchors provide commentary on the news, advocate various public events, furnish special information and generally include \'entertainment\' features. In fact, news is a ma
  • Mormanism
    Mormanism The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is one of a few “odd” Christian religions. Many of its practices have created much persecution and political reaction, polygamy being one of these. It created much social and political persecution of the Mormons. Most of this persecution had come from anti-polygamist Christians. This is ironic because the anti-polygamists believed in the Bible, but not polygamy, one of its teachings. Many of God’s righteous followers in the Old Testament
  • Mormon Trail
    Mormon Trail Close to the heart of every member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the memory of the "Mormon Trail." The name Mormon is given as a nickname for members of this Church. We like to call ourselves Latter-day Saints though, so that is the term I will use. The Latter-day Saints believe in the Book of Mormon which was translated from golden plates given to Joseph Smith by an angel. It was published on March 26, 1830. It is "the most correct of any book on the earth,"
  • Nationalism After the War of 1812
    Nationalism After the War of 1812 The United States of America, a country whose roots had been founded on new revolutionary theories of government (Democracy), had found itself in a great position of new national wealth, after the war of 1812, which ignited the fire in the country’s patriotic policies. The country, although wrongly informed, believed that they had been victorious in the War of 1812, because of the battle that was fought in New Orleans, and was an American victory. Although the A
  • Nursing Homes Overcrowding
    Nursing Homes Overcrowding Pending approval from the General Assembly, the funding for older Illinoisans will receive nearly an eight percent increase in the fiscal year 2001 budget for the Illinois Department on Aging. The state’s portion of the overall spending is 4.9 million and funds the Department’s Community Care program at 5 million. The program provides senior citizens with home care services, adult day services and custodial care. The eight percent increase is drastically needed a
  • Political Parties
    Political Parties As I quickly near the legal voting age, I find myself faced with a big decision ; should I register as a democrat, as my forefathers before me have or , check into some of these other political parties. -After much consideration, I decided to see what all the commotion was about. What a surprise it was to me to see that there were parties other that Democrats, Republicans and Liberals. Political parties server some useful purposes in the U.S. political system. They are , in fac
  • Rock and rap censorship
    rock and rap censorship While the censorship of art is not a new phenomenon, recent years have witnessed renewed and intensified attempts to control popular culture. In particular, rap and rock music have come under increasing attack from various sides representing the entire left and right political spectrum, purportedly for their explicit sexual and violent lyrical contents. In this paper is investigated which moral codes underlie these claims against popular music, how social movements mobili
  • Sin Taxes
    Sin Taxes Sin Taxes The squeeze is on. Demand for government to decrease it\'s reliance on sales, property, and income taxes as sources of revenue is continuing to rise, leaving policy makers scrambling for new, less painful sources of revenue. Also going up are the costs of providing public services, entitlement programs, and conducting the other various functions of government. This upward spiral requires that they simultaneously look for better, cheaper, and more effective spending strategies
  • The History of Banking
    The History of Banking A common definition of a bank is a financial intermediary that accepts, transfers, and, most important, creates deposits. This includes such depository institutions as central banks, commercial banks, savings and loan associations, and mutual savings banks. Banks are most frequently organized in corporate form and are owned either by private individuals, governments, or a combination of private and government interests. Although noncorporate banks-that is, single proprieto
  • The Lifwe of General Stonewall Jackson
    The Lifwe of General Stonewall Jackson The Life of General Stonewall Jackson by Mary L. Williamson recounts the major things that happened in Thomas J. Jackson’s life that led him to be known as one of the greatest generals in America’s history. Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson was born on January 21, 1824, in Clarksburg, Virginia. Although he had parents, they died during the young years of his life. After the death of his parents Thomas J. Jackson was sent to uncle after uncle, until one of
  • The Slavery Era
    The Slavery Era ARGUMENT There were numerous issues that led to the American Civil War, including were significant differences in political views between the North and the South. Moreover, the two sections were totally different socially, and had disparate economies. However, all of these differences and the problems that resulted were a direct result of slavery. Indeed, it was because of slavery that the Civil War was fought. By analyzing issues on local and national levels through the "Valley
  • Violence and Gaming
    Violence and Gaming Violence and Gaming The current use of gaming as an alternative form of making money on reservations may have negative effects on tribal communities. For instance, many who oppose gaming say that casinos are also a factor with crime. In addition, the issue of gaming itself is an occasional source of conflict among tribe members, conflict that in the past has erupted into violence between other people. This conflict involves concern over the impact gaming might have upon India
  • Why the Martin Luther King Jr Holiday Should Be Re
    Why the Martin Luther King Jr Holiday Should Be Repealed Removing the King\'s Crown Introduction It is generally believed that Martin Luther King, Jr., was an intelligent African-American who promoted harmony between the races. Numerous books-all of which talk about his deeds of valor to promote good-will between both blacks and whites during a time when riots and strife regularly occurred in America-have been written about his life. He is generally regarded as a man of ethics, a man who fought
  • Al Gore Biography
    Al Gore Biography A Biography on Al Gore As the Vice President, and one of the main running candidates in the presidential race, Al Gore has a lot on his hands. He manages to handle a full family as well as his duties at work and running a, hopefully, successful race. His main challenge will be to convince the people of the United States that he is the best of all of the candidates. This may be somewhat of a challenge for the Vice President with a formidable foe to run against. He and his runnin
  • Racial Profiling
    Racial Profiling The Race Against Racial Profiling The great era of civil rights started in the 1960s, with Martin Luther King, Jr.’s stirring “I have a Dream” speech at the historic march on Washington in August of 1963. At the same time Birmingham Police Commissioner “Bull” Connor used powerful fire hoses and vicious police attack dogs against nonviolent black civil rights activists. Although these years proved to be the highlight and downfall of civil rights in America, even with the 1964 Civ
  • The strengths and weaknesses of the American Polit
    The strengths and weaknesses of the American Political system Identify and comment on what you see to be the strengths and/or weaknesses of the American system as far as the topics in this section are concerned. The constitutional system of the United States is a puzzling aspect of an American\'s life. Many do not understand. Some think they understand it and with their slight grasp of it they try to offer solutions to better it. I would like to offer a broad concept of the American constitution
  • Religion in North American Town Plans
    Religion in North American Town Plans The Influence of Religion in Pre-Industrial North American Town Planning Religion has played a vital role in the settling of many pre-industrial North American towns and cities. In fact, religion proved to be one of the main reasons Europeans broke their affiliation with the dictatorial and the monarchial rule in Europe and came to settle the Americas. Generally, these particular religious settlers incorporated town-planning ideas developed in Europe and tra
  • Y2K1
    Y2K1 Civilization’s dependence upon computers has grown exponentially in the last thirty years. Businesses use computers to keep their records, write reports, and to converse with colleagues and clients. The average businessperson depends primarily on their computer to complete a day’s work. Years ago, programmers caused what could have potentially been a major problem with modern computer systems. While attempting to conserve scarce and expensive data bits, they programmed the year using two di
  • Freedom on the United States
    freedom on the United States Freedom in the United States Essay submitted by Unknown No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some membe