Sun poisoning affects 10 percent of women and three percent of men in the general
population. Sun poisoning is a reaction to overexposure to the sun in areas of the skin
most exposed to sunlight. Sun poisoning is a pimply, itchy eruption, which comes despite
dark complexion or sunscreen protection. It is an allergy to the long waves of
ultraviolet light (UVA), which ordinary sunscreens don’t block, regardless of how
high their SPF number is. Sunburn results when the amount of exposure to the sun or other
ultraviolet light source exceeds the ability of the body's protective pigment, melanin, to
protect the skin. The pain is worst between 6 and 48 hours after sun exposure.
Too much over exposure to the sun increases your risk of skin cancer. Yet millions of
people every year suffer sunburns that kill off healthy skin cells and injure blood
vessels close to the skin's surface. Anyone who experiences one or more blistering
sunburns in a lifetime doubles his or her chances of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin
cancer that kills nearly 7,000 Americans every year.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Red skin rash, sometimes with small blisters, in areas exposed to sunlight.
Chills, fever/ nausea, and sometimes even, vomiting.
Fatigue or dizziness.
Swelling, itching, and burning of the skin.
Sun poisoning is most likely to occur during hot seasons when ultraviolet light is the
strongest. It is triggered by exposure to the sun, usually in conjunction with sunburn.
It is especially likely to occur in children who take medications that cause
photosensitivity (increased sensitivity to ultraviolet light). The most common drugs
include tetracycline antibiotics, thiazide diuretics, sulfa drugs, and oral
contraceptives. Some cosmetics, including lipstick, perfume, and some soaps can also
cause a photosensitive reaction in a child as well.
Sun poisoning can also be caused by use of products containing retinol, vitamin A, or antibiotics.
Previous episodes of sun poisoning.