Supply and Demand Term Paper

This essay has a total of 712 words and 4 pages.

Supply and Demand

Supply 1

The rubber supply in Japan is at an all time low. The article chosen discusses how the low
supplies of rubber are not typical for the time of year. Tokyo rubber or TOCOM is the
Tokyo Commodity Exchange which regulates the rubber market in Japan. A rally was held
recently which was the largest in years because of the concerns about low supplies and
historically low rubber stocks.

The benchmark December rubber contract on the Tokyo Commodity Exchange rose as high as
169.2 yen per kg, the priciest for TOCOM's key contract since March 11, 1996, when prices
hit 174.6. At the close it was up 3.4 yen at 168.7 (TOCOM.).

The contracts that are already signed between different companies for delivery from August
to November of 2005 are not looking too good. The price for rubber is expected to rise
five yen on the stock exchange. July's contracts, which have no price limit, finished up
seven at 189.8 yen per kg of rubber. This meant that the rubber contracts hit their
life-time high. The expectations of investors in Tokyo are that the price of rubber will
peak in August and begin to decrease when rubber supplies increase.

The price gap of rubber between the December and July widened to 21.1 yen.
Rubber supplies have been low due to a delay in shipments from Thailand. Thailand is the
world's largest manufacturer and exporter of natural rubber. The shipments of rubber have
fallen due to bad weather conditions. Rubber supplies normally drop from the beginning of
February which is winter and the dry season in southern Thailand. During

Supply 2

this season, latex output declines because the rubber trees shed their leaves.
Production in general, returns to normal by beginning of May, but the buyers are still not getting enough shipments.
Japan purchases over 60 percent of its rubber imports from Thailand.
Because the signs of short production, rubber stocks in Japan have decreased to the lowest
level in forty years. According to the he Rubber Trade Association of Japan, Prior to June
of 2005, the lowest the stock had been was back in 1962. Because of the high costs of
rubber and the decrease in supply, manufacturers are considering shifting to natural
rubber from expensive synthetic rubber. High oil costs have also driven up rubber costs.

Because of the low supplies of rubber, companies are forced to increase the price. The
demand has not risen because the need for rubber has not. By increasing the price of
rubber, companies can try to make up for lost revenues. The rubber companies are also
considering switching from highly priced synthetic rubber to natural rubber because of the
cost difference. Natural rubber is much cheaper than synthetic rubber. Companies, who
choose to make the switch, may want to consider the cost/benefit approach. For example,
natural rubber is cheaper to produce but may not be as good as synthetic. The natural
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • The trial
    The trial THE TRIAL by Franz Kafka read by Geoffrey Howard This disturbing and vastly influential novel has been interpreted on many levels of structure and symbol; but most commentators agree that the book explores the themes of guilt, anxiety, and moral impotency in the face of some ambiguous force. Joseph K. is an employee in a bank, a man without particular qualities or abilities. He could be anyone, and in some ways he is everyone. His inconsequence makes doubly strange his “arrest” by the
  • Cambodia
    Cambodia The Impact of the Past on the Present Cambodia, then, like so many other nations in the developing world, is an agricultural country, and, in terms of the cash incomes of its people, desperately poor. In the past, Cambodia was able to earn foreign exchange to pay for imported goods by selling agricultural surpluses-of rice and corn, for example-or plant crops, such as pepper, rubber, and cotton. Its normal patterns of trade were broken up in the wars of the 1970\'s. When the fighting di
  • Economic reasons for involvement in vietnam
    economic reasons for involvement in vietnam "We hold these truths that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness." This statement is taken directly from the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, written in 1776. In a broader sense, that statement is understood to mean, "All peoples on earth are born equal; every person has the right to live happy and free." V
  • George Washington Carver
    George Washington Carver George Washington Carver was born into slavery January of 1860 on the Moses Carver plantation in Diamond Grove, Missouri. He spent the first year of his life, the brutal days of border war, between Missouri and neighboring Kansas. George was a very sickly child with a whooping cough, which later lead to his speech impediment, and he was tiny and puny. George’s father, James Carver, died in a wood hauling accident when he was bringing wood to his master’s house one day. G
  • Great Depression1
    Great Depression1 The Great Depression was the worst economic decline ever in U.S. history. It began in late 1929 and lasted about a decade. Throughout the 1920’s, many factors played a role in bringing about the depression; the main causes were the unequal distribution of wealth and extensive stock market speculation. Money was distributed unequally between the rich and the middle-class, between industry and agriculture within the United States, and between the U.S. and Europe. This disproporti
  • Great Depression1
    Great Depression1 The Great Depression was the worst economic decline ever in U.S. history. It began in late 1929 and lasted about a decade. Throughout the 1920’s, many factors played a role in bringing about the depression; the main causes were the unequal distribution of wealth and extensive stock market speculation. Money was distributed unequally between the rich and the middle-class, between industry and agriculture within the United States, and between the U.S. and Europe. This disproporti
  • Great Depression3
    Great Depression3 Greg Squires The Great Depression was the worst economic slump ever in U.S. history, and one which touched virtually all of the industrialized world. The Depression began in late 1929 and lasted for nearly a decade. Many factors played a role in bringing about the Depression; however, the main cause for the Great Depression was the combination of the greatly unequal distribution of wealth throughout the 1920\'s, and the extensive stock market speculation that took place during
  • History of labor in america
    history of labor in america The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. At Lowell, Massachusetts, the construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821. It was the first of several that would be built there in the next 10 years. The machinery to spin and weave cotton into cloth would be driven by water power. All that the factory owners needed was a dependable supply of labor to tend the machines. As most jobs in cotton factories required neither great strength nor special skills,
  • Roswell
    Roswell The Roswell Incident The Roswell Incident, which enlightened our minds to the capacity of excepting all, has remained one of the most controversial issues today. In Roswell, New Mexico, 1947, a strange occurrence arises. An alien craft from outer space crashed in an open field. The issue lay still for almost thirty years, until the thought of a government cover-up arose. SocietyÆs opinions have changed over the years. Previous to the 1990Æs, people have despised the thought of sharing th
  • The Great Depresstion
    The Great Depresstion The Great Depression was the worst economic decline ever in U.S. history. It began in late 1929 and lasted about a decade. Throughout the 1920’s, many factors played a role in bringing about the depression; the main causes were the unequal distribution of wealth and extensive stock market speculation. Money was distributed unequally between the rich and the middle-class, between industry and agriculture within the United States, and between the U.S. and Europe. This disprop
  • Cardiac Pacemakers
    Cardiac Pacemakers CARDIAC PACEMAKERS BY RYAN HEATH - ECEN 4011/5011 - BIOLOGICAL CONTROL SYSTEMS * PROFESSOR WACHTEL PROFESSOR STODIED PROFESSOR TODD * -- MAY 7, 1998 -- The heart is bestowed with a specialized system that automatically generates rhythmic control via the sinus node, located in the superior lateral wall of the right atrium near the opening of the superior vena cava. The specialized pacemaker cells dictate control of the rest of the heart through regular electrical impulses that
  • Aztec Culture
    Aztec Culture Aztec Nation By: DJ XTC The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not wha
  • Aztec Culture1
    Aztec Culture1 Aztec Nation By: DJ XTC The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not wh
  • Colonialism
    Colonialism The Tiger and The Virgin Colonialism has often spread to areas where it is economically valuable for the colonizer to develop. South America was one of these places. First came the Spanish for gold, then for rubber. As colonization took place two cultures met, thinking they were opposites, but in reality they were very much connected to one another, their histories were now tied together. In considering the question of how Indians have developed their healing practices and spiritual
  • Andy warhol
    andy warhol The pop art movement began in London during the 1950\'s and then quickly spread throughout nearly all of the industrialized world. Although the artists did have some overlapping styles, pop art focuses more on the subject and less on style, which was left up to each individual artist. The main themes that is evident in all pop art revolves around modern social values. The style in which these values were portrayed varied depending on the culture and artist. Critic Barbara Rose claime
  • Andy warhol
    andy warhol The pop art movement began in London during the 1950\'s and then quickly spread throughout nearly all of the industrialized world. Although the artists did have some overlapping styles, pop art focuses more on the subject and less on style, which was left up to each individual artist. The main themes that is evident in all pop art revolves around modern social values. The style in which these values were portrayed varied depending on the culture and artist. Critic Barbara Rose claime
  • Adolf Hitler1
    Adolf Hitler1 ADOLF HITLER Rob Moffitt Mrs. Flinn CP Enlish 10 April 16, 2000 1. Hitler’s Early Life 2. Hitler’s World War I Service 3. Free Corps 4. Weimar Republic 5. German Worker’s Party 6. Munich Putsch 7. Mein Kampf 8. Hitler’s Rise to Power 9. Hitler Launches the War 10. Hitler’s Last Days The interesting life of Adolf Hitler is not fully known to people. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, the fourth child of Alois Schickelgruber and Klara Hitler in the Austrian town of Braunau. Two
  • Bill Gates1
    Bill Gates1 ENCONIUM OF WILLIAM H. GATES III Nicholas G. Huff English 15 Essay #3 William H. Gates III Bill Gates? When most people hear that name they think of money, power, and computers. These thoughts aren’t necessarily incorrect, but rather insufficient. Sure, Bill Gates has money, thirty-two billion and growing to be exact, and yes he has power, being the CEO of Microsoft as well as the wealthiest man in the country. But people can’t look through their jealousy and envy to see what Mr. Gat
  • Bill Gates1
    Bill Gates1 ENCONIUM OF WILLIAM H. GATES III Nicholas G. Huff English 15 Essay #3 William H. Gates III Bill Gates? When most people hear that name they think of money, power, and computers. These thoughts aren’t necessarily incorrect, but rather insufficient. Sure, Bill Gates has money, thirty-two billion and growing to be exact, and yes he has power, being the CEO of Microsoft as well as the wealthiest man in the country. But people can’t look through their jealousy and envy to see what Mr. Gat
  • Charles goodyear
    charles goodyear Charles Goodyear was born in New Haven, Connecticut on December 29, 1800 to Amasa and Cynthia Goodyear. Charles’s father was a hardware manufacture and a merchant. Amasa Goodyear built mainly farming tools like hayforks and scythes, which he invented. When Charles was a teenager he wanted to go into the ministry and become a pastor, but his father convinced him that he was a good business man and placed him in the hardware store of the Rogers brothers in Philadelphia at the age
  • Henry Ford1
    Henry Ford1 When Henry Ford was born on June 30th, 1863, neither him nor anyone for that matter, knew what an important role he would take in the future of mankind. Ford saw his first car when he was 12. He and his father where riding into Detroit at the time. At that moment, he knew what he wanted to do with his life: he wanted to make a difference in the automobile industry. Through out his life, he achieved this in an extraordinary way. That is why he will always be remembered in everyone’s h
  • Thomas Edison
    Thomas Edison Thomas Alva Edison Thomas Edison could probably be properly called Mr. Electricity because of the many inventions and millions of dollars that he used and invested with electricity. From the invention of the light bulb, to the invention of the phonograph Thomas Edison made electricity a reality for the masses. And one of his greatest influences was from his Father a very positive man. A long with the great influence he had upon Americans and the world. He sparked the movement of to
  • Thomas Edison
    Thomas Edison Thomas Alva Edison Thomas Edison could probably be properly called Mr. Electricity because of the many inventions and millions of dollars that he used and invested with electricity. From the invention of the light bulb, to the invention of the phonograph Thomas Edison made electricity a reality for the masses. And one of his greatest influences was from his Father a very positive man. A long with the great influence he had upon Americans and the world. He sparked the movement of to
  • Mark twain
    mark twain Charles Goodyear was born in New Haven, Connecticut on December 29, 1800 to Amasa and Cynthia Goodyear. Charles’s father was a hardware manufacture and a merchant. Amasa Goodyear built mainly farming tools like hayforks and scythes, which he invented. When Charles was a teenager he wanted to go into the ministry and become a pastor, but his father convinced him that he was a good business man and placed him in the hardware store of the Rogers brothers in Philadelphia at the age of sev
  • Brazil
    Brazil BRAZIL Introduction Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world. It represents almost half of South America. It borders every country in South America except Chile and Ecuador. Brazil’s immense size and population contribute to a variety of culture, environmental wildlife, ethnic groups, and an abundant of natural resources. History The Brazilian Indians were the first inhabitants of Brazil. Historians express that their were two to five milli
  • Federal Express
    Federal Express FEDERAL EXPRESS Since 1971, time sensitive packages and letters have been delivered safely and punctually to anyone, anywhere in the world. Often times, the contents of these packages contain life saving materials. The company that makes efficient delivery possible is Federal Express. FedEx’s guaranteed overnight delivery, or your money back offer, makes it a unique and highly trusted company. Many aspects go into making this company work like a well-oiled machine; including pack
  • Goodyear SWOT Analysis
    Goodyear SWOT Analysis STRENGTHS Size Product diversity Total market coverage An American company International sales Generally increasing sales revenue since 1991 Brand recognition Brand loyalty Reduction in debt since 1991 Introduction of new tire lines The Blimp P/E ratio The world’s No. 1 tire manufacturer Patents: 2,903 Trademarks: 5 WEAKNESSES Size Declining stock price Internet sales Dealer contracts that my be inhibiting Internet sales Layoffs Sales declines in Europe, Asia, Latin Americ
  • Intrnational MKT research Canada
    Intrnational MKT research Canada TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Introduction Canada -- USA\'s Largest Trading Partner NAFTA Introduction Exporting Guidelines Incentives Customs Contacts Trade Contacts Company Specific -- Massasoit Machine, Inc. Manufacturers\' Representative Recommendations Appendices A Country Data B Canadian Domestic Economy C Canadian Trade Statistics D Canada - New England Trade Summary, 1997 E NAFTA: A Partnership at Work F (SIC-3081) - Machine Shop Industry G List of Major Indu
  • Location of Industries
    Location of Industries BUSINESS COURSE ASSIGNMENT FACTORS AFFECTING LOCATION OF A CAR MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY Location: Sao Paulo in Brazil Sao Paulo is a perfect location for a car manufacturing industry. It is situated on the coast of Brazil, and is near by to local resources. The many reasons to why I have chosen Sao Paulo and why it is suitable for a car Manufacturing site are: 1. There is good access to large amounts of cheap land 2. There is access to cheap labour; Mexican immigrants and lo
  • McDonalds
    McDonalds INTRODUCTION: McDonald\'s Corporation is the world\'s leading food service organization. The corporation started out as a small drive-through in 1948 by two brothers, Dick and Mac McDonald. Raymond Albert Kroc, a salesman, saw a great opportunity in this market and advised Dick and Mac to expand their operation and open new restaurants. In 1961 Kroc bought out the McDonald brothers. By 1967 McDonalds expanded its operations to countries outside the U.S.A. This unyielding expansion led
  • Mercosur
    mercosur Introduction The Sectoral Commission for MERCOSUR (COMISEC) was created on April 1, 1991 by Executive Decree No. 176/991. It is made up of: · Government Representatives and Delegates from the Office of Planning and Budget · Chamber of Industry of Uruguay · National Chamber of Commerce · Mercantile Chamber of Uruguay · Unions (PIT/CNT) · Rural Association of Uruguay · Rural Federation of Uruguay · Agrarian Cooperatives Association · State-owned Enterprises This decree entrusts COMISEC wi
  • NAFTA
    NAFTA Introduction to International Business Professor Natalie M. Leonard NAFTA’s Today & Tommorow By Sema Kaya Richard Hushion Chuck Lundy Vui Loong Tsui Joab Magara Abdul Jahadhmy Table of Contents Page NAFTA Background and History 2 Positive Effects on NAFTA 2 Growth in Trade 2 Growth in U.S. Exports 2 U.S Compliance with NAFTA 4 U.S.-Mexico Trade Relations 4 Reform Process in Mexico 4 Negative Effects on NAFTA 5 On the Mexican Side 5 On the American Side 6 Environmental Issues 7 Future of NA
  • Nike2
    Nike2 The Nike Foundation, formerly the Nike P.L.A.Y. Foundation, is reflection of the Nike Cultures. Nike is committed to assisting youth to achieve both their personal goals as well as to contribute to the overall betterment of our society. The focus of Nike\'s resources will be applied to your empowerment, sports, after-school programs, and community and environmental learning to develop skills, build confidence, and to apply critical thinking to solutions to individuals, community and global
  • Sneaker Industry
    Sneaker Industry The athletic shoe industry is one of the largest markets in the United States today. This segment operates globally with many competitors. This industry provides us with T-shirts, sweatshirts, sweatpants, shorts and of course, athletic footwear. Three major corporations dominate the industry itself: Nike, Adidas, and Reebok. Nike controls 44% of the entire market, Adidas owns close to 12%, while Reebok maintains about 12% as well. The Nike Corporation was established in 1981, an
  • Malaysian Country Analysis
    Malaysian Country Analysis Malaysia A. Brief History § In the first century AD, the Malayan peninsula was prominent in int’l trade. § Conquered by the Portuguese in 1511, then the Dutch in 1641. § The British, who replaced the Dutch in 1795, developed large-scale productions of tin and rubber. § The Japanese invaded Malaysia during WWII. § Malaysia was formed after negotiating for independence from the British in September 16, 1963. B. Comparative Advantage (Early years up to pre-1980’s) § Natur
  • Rates of return
    Rates of return The issue of rates of return on foreign owned companies through foreign direct investment. On Wednesday Oct. 25th.2000,at a meeting in Montreal, the finance Minister of Canada Mr. Paul Martin in his opening address to the G20 group on promoting Globalization, stated that “globalization will have a more human face with measures to ease financial crises and social safety nets to protect the poorest”. The meeting concluded with all the participants agreeing on a package of measures,
  • Taiwan and International Trade
    Taiwan and International Trade Taiwan, an island, is separated from the mainland of South China by the 100-mile-wide Taiwan Strait in the Pacific Ocean and is the seat of the Republic of China government (ROC). The capital of Taiwan is Taipei and other major cities include Kaohsiung, Tainan, Taichong, and Chilung. The languages spoken are the Mandarin, Fujianese (Amoy), and Hakka dialects. Religions on the island include Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Christianity. THE ECONOMY OF TAIWAN The
  • American Dominance in Works by Ken Kesey
    American Dominance in Works by Ken Kesey American Dominance in Works by Ken Kesey The idea of having the power of taming an unknown, rugged territory has always been a significant goal in American society. The early American settlers came over to this continent to find a better home with the intention to conquer and make their surroundings fit their needs. In an interview with Ken Kesey, he said: What I explore in all my work: wilderness. Settlers on this continent from the beginning have been s
  • Eskimos
    eskimos peoples of Alaska and their Eskimo Culture Alaska is still the last frontier in the minds of many Americans. Interest in the "Great Land" has increased sharply since Alaska The Native became a full fledged state in January o f 1959. In spite of this great interest, many Americans know very little of the Eskimos, Indians and Aleuts (Al-ee-oots) who live in the remote regions. At the time Alaska was discovered in 1741 by Vitus Bering, Alaska Natives populated all parts of Alaska including
  • EVENGE AND LOVE THEME IN WUTHEING HEIGHTS BY EMILY
    EVENGE AND LOVE THEME IN WUTHEING HEIGHTS BY EMILY BRONTE Explore the writers oppression in Nineteen Eighty Four and Brave New World Both Orwell and Huxley present to the reader in their novels Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty Four, a new society, one reinvented where totalitarian aspects of society rule. Both societies strive for stability and inevitably a utopian society. Orwell and Huxley explore the possibilities of achieving this, and warn of the dangers and impracticability of attemptin
  • Ex ball player
    ex ball player In everyone’s life there will be peaks and valleys. What happens when a boy peaks before he has even had the chance to be a man? Can he be content to live in his remembrances of the past even though he seemingly has no future? John Updike’s poem, Ex-Basketball Player, suggests that whether happy or not, both the man and the town he lives in need those remembrances. They need them so much, in fact, that the man and town become dependant on each other for reaffirmation of the past.
  • Exchange value
    exchange value Money is Power in "Exchange Value" by Charles Johnson Author Charles Johnson provides us with a brief look into human nature and the profound affect money has on people in his short story "Exchange Value". The plot of the story is simple a basic rags to riches story with a 1990s twist. It centers around two brothers who live in a poverty ridden apartment. These brothers, Loftis and Cooter decided to break into an old eccentric woman\'s\' apartment. She has lived down the hall from
  • Heart of dark
    heart of dark In Joseph Conrad\'s book Heart of Darkness the Europeans are cut off from civilization, overtaken by greed, exploitation, and material interests from his own kind. Conrad develops themes of personal power, individual responsibility, and social justice. His book has all the trappings of the conventional adventure tale - mystery, exotic setting, escape, suspense, unexpected attack. The book is a record of things seen and done by Conrad while in the Belgian Congo. Conrad uses Marlow,
  • Hemingways Works
    Hemingways Works Ernest Hemingway pulled from his past present experiences to develop his own thoughts concerning death, relationships, and lies. He then mixed these ideas, along with a familiar setting, to create a masterpiece. One such masterpiece written early in Hemingway\'s career is the short story, "Indian Camp." "Indian Camp" was originally published in the collection of "in Our Time" in 1925. A brief summary reveals that the main character, a teenager by the name of Nick, travels across
  • Henry Ford
    Henry Ford Henry Ford Henry Ford, an extremely hardworking man, was very curious in his early life because he liked to take things apart and ask many questions. He designed and manufactured many cars, including the Model T which was the second largest selling car totaling over 15,000,000. In addition to doing this, he managed an enormous company with the help of very few people. Henry had a few dreams that he thought would change the world. For example, he saw that most of the car companies were
  • Indian Economy
    Indian Economy India is located in the southern part of Asia and is also south of the Himalayan Mountains. This southern peninsula has the largest mineral deposits and the largest cultivable land in the continent. The population of India is critically large and although nearly all people are Hindu, some are of other religious denominations. The life of the Indian people is usually ruled by their caste system, but the system is not as firm as it was years ago. India has a mixed economy. The diffe
  • My story
    My story I could smell the vodka entering my lungs, surrounding my body in its evil presence. I held my knees close to my body, and rested my head upon a kneecap. The shattering glass echoed in the background, filling my ears with the calls from hell. Tears ran down the sides of my cheeks, as I tried to hold back from bawling. My whole body began to shake as the fighting between the two I loved grew louder and harsher. Bottles crashed against the walls and shattered into a million pieces on the
  • Process
    process Committing Murder The problem with committing murder is the high risk of being caught. When you decide that murder is justified, the problem of how to do it and how to avoid being found out are your first thoughts. Unfortunately, the police have become very sophisticated in their investigating skills. Very few murderers get away with it, until now that is. There are ways to fool the police and the coroner\'s office. If more people knew how to blow up a car with Drano, or cause a massive
  • Skater die or lost in boston
    skater die or lost in boston Doug Corbin 9/20/99 ENC 1101 Core One Essay Skater Die or Lost in Boston “Thump, thump… thump, thump… thump, thump,” rattled through my head like the beating of a Native American drum as the car charted across the highway 93 bridge into Boston. I was with three of my friends who lived in Massachusetts. We entered the city. The buildings were so huge, they were hypnotic, all I could do was stare in awe at the mighty achievements. “This is gonna be dope, I’ve been wait
  • Story of Jonas
    Story of Jonas Olin Hill English 50 One Day Part I The day was still, not a cloud in sight. The glowing sun lit the tumbling waves. The white foam smeared along the sandy beach. High above the ocean’s front lie cliffs with grassy hilltops. A road wove through its tangled mess. There thoughts were bound and passion ran free. The young man gripped his steering wheel and held the throttle. He flew through Highway 5 in his ‘78 Camero. Squealing around every corner in his hot convertible, he let his