Technology Transfer Essay

This essay has a total of 779 words and 4 pages.

Technology Transfer



Analyzing the transfer of technology from one place to another can be a very difficult
task. People have tried to trace the origins of specific technologies and map out what
cultures it affected, why and what impact the technology had on history. Books have been
written on conclusions that authors have made after doing the research I have suggested. I
believe that obtaining the information to write a book about this subject is extremely
hard and confusing, this is a personal assumption that I have made with regard to the fact
that reading a book on this subject is hard and confusing. After reading The Tools of
Empire by Daniel R. Headrick and excerpts from both Technology in World Civilization by A.
Pacey and Major Problems in the History of American Technology, I have formed some
opinions of my own primarily based on my readings about nineteenth and twentieth century
technology transfer.

During the nineteenth century two major events stand out in connection to technology.
First the progress and power of industrial technology, second the domination and
exploitation of Africa and Asia by Europeans. In the book The Tools of Empire, Headrick
the author connects theses factors through many examples in history. Leading into the
twentieth century even though many would like to fast forward into the dawn of
electronics, there is still a major focus on technology in Africa and Asia. However, the
transfer of technology is now steering away from dominating and leaning towards local
adaptation.

Africa and India experienced a deeper affect of technological transfer because they were
conquered and colonized by Europe. The steamboat with its ability to travel up and down
river enabled Europeans deep into Africa and Asia. The railroad helped eliminate the
difficulties of inland transportation for Europeans in India. The steamboat and the
Railroad were two important technologies of the nineteenth century that changed many
aspects of life in India and Africa. China's rulers controlled European influence rather
tightly, yet there was trade of course. And through the opium war there was an influence
of European technology in China.

In the twentieth century the transfer of technology from industrialized to the less
industrialized is still happening. Yet it is happening a slightly different manner instead
of being forced upon a nation it is being adapted to and for a nation. In the 1930s the
United States made advancements in genetic -chemical technology. When the technology
reached India in the 1960s is was adapted to the local conditions, therefore it was
transferred from the United States and stimulated in India and that is why it was
successful. This type of local stimulation also occurred in China and Africa.

Many stimulating factors of the nineteenth century remain factors of the twentieth
century. In the nineteenth century there was major shipbuilding out of wood, which lead to
iron shipbuilding. Natural resources as a stimulating factor in the Twentieth century can
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