Terrorism Esy Essay

This essay has a total of 1054 words and 5 pages.

Terrorism Esy




Terrorism
Over the past Century, terrorism has evolved from random killings to massive plans for
terrorist groups. To understand terrorism you must first describe it. There have been many
different definitions of terrorism. The one that truly describes it is; Terrorism can not
specifically describe terrorism because people will interpret it differently. Many experts
believe that terrorism is an abstract concept with no essence, a single definition cannot
account for all the possible uses of the term, many different definitions share common
elements, the meaning of terrorism derives from the victim of target. Even with no
definite conclusion terrorism can be divided into 5 categories: Simple Violence or
threatened violence intended to produce fear or change. Legal Criminal violence violating
legal codes and punishable by the state. Analytical Specific political and social factors
behind individual terrorist acts. State-sponsored Terrorist groups used by small states
and the Communist bloc to attack western interests. State Power of the government used to
terrorize its people into submission. With the definitions described one can now put a
terrorist organization into a specific group. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
is an analytical terrorist group, even though they can be part of each. The PLO was
created in 1964 during a meeting known as the Palestinian Congress. This was an effort to
give a voice to the many Palestinians that were located in refugee camps in Lebanon. The
leader of the group is one of the most recognized terrorists in the world, Yasser Arafat.
It did not take long for sub-divisions to break off of the PLO. Most of these groups felt
they could better achieve Palestinian liberation. The most notable of these groups were
the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Popular Democratic Front for the
Liberation of Palestine, Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine -
General Command, and al-Fatah. The PLO changed its main theory to the destruction of the
state of Israel in 1967. This caused massive terrorist acts against Israel, which resulted
in hundreds of casualties on both sides. In 1974 the PLO changed into not just a terrorist
group to a group which included political elements. Some members of the PLO did not like
this idea and founded another sub-division called the Rejectionist Front. At this time
Arafat took over all control of the PLO. Arafat provided support for highjacking a major
cruise ship. With help from the PLF they took the passengers hostage. In cowardly act
members shot to death a wheelchair-bound Jewish man named Leon Klinghoffer. This formed a
new meaning to the world terrorist. After many years of terrorism, Arafat ceased all
terrorist acts by the PLO on September 9, 1993. This was the end of the PLO and all their
sub-divisions. Another major terrorist organization is the Provisional Irish Republican
Army (PIRA). This group was founded in 1969 under the armed wing of Sinn Fein. "Sinn Fein
is a legal political movement dedicated to removing British forces from Northern Ireland
and unifying Ireland. Activities that the PIRA carried out were bombings, assassinations,
kidnappings, extortion, and robberies. Before its 1994 cease-fire, targets included senior
British Government officials, British military and police in Northern Ireland, and
Northern Irish Loyalist paramilitary groups. Since breaking its cease-fire in February
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