The 2000 Election Essay

This essay has a total of 1435 words and 7 pages.

The 2000 Election

The 2000 election started with many candidates. Of course there was the Democratic Party
and the Republican Party, but there where also many third party candidates with ballot
status. Their was a Constitution Party, Liberation Party, Natural Law Party, Prohibition
Party, Reform Party and many others. The purpose of all these third parties was to
influence the major parties on issues they may be ignoring or forgetting. These third
parties usually focus their entire campaign on one issue. Usually a major party will take
an idea from these small parties and the small parties have achieved their goal. There is
usually one smaller party that will advance from the primaries and become a real candidate
in the presidential election.

"The primaries are used in over half of the state's to choose the national party
conventions. Each candidate who enters the election lists a slate of delegates who have
promised to support the candidate at the convention. Party members show their choice for
the presidential nomination by voting for the slate of delegates committed two that
candidate. Primaries that select about two-thirds of the delegates are held the first six
months of presidential election years" (Robert Agranoff, "Primary Elections")

In the democratic primaries you need 2,170 delegates to win and 434 delegates left to be
allocated. Bradley had 425 and Gore had 30,470. In the Republican Party primaries you need
1,034 delegates to win and at 542 the left to be allocated. Bush had 1,288, Keyes had 2,
McCain had 233 and 1 was uncommitted. Once the primaries were over we knew it was all
about Al Gore and George W. Bush, with Ralph Nader running independently.

"In the 1940's about 85 percent of U.S voters reported a loyalty to one of the 2 major
parties. Today only about half the voters described themselves as democrats all or
republicans. Also, many people vote for candidates of more than one party. These changes
show that many citizens vote on the basis of candidates and issues rather than for a
party". (Robert Agranoff "Election Campaign")

There are many issues that go into running for president. The most important is the voter
turnout. The way to get a voter turnout in your favor is to have good campaigns, good
platforms, and do well in the debates. In the debates many issues came up and showed where
the candidate stand on certain issues. One very important issue while running is campaign
financing. Campaign funds are needed to pay for personnel, advertisers, travel and other
need. The main source of funds are personal solicitations, appeals by mail, fund raisers
and matching funds. There are many laws about campaign financing that are often broken and
the candidates have their own ideas. "Al Gore supported public financing of congressional
and presidential campaigns through his 7 billion dollar Democracy Endowment Fund". (CNN)
Bush opposed publicly financed congressional and presidential campaigns. Both candidates
supported a ban on soft money donations to political parties however Bush did not support
the ban for individuals. Bush also wants to increase the campaign contribution limit to
adjust for inflation, Gore opposed any increase however supported free air time for
political candidates in the final 30 days of campaign and the requiring television
stations that air issue adds to provide free rebuttal airtime to candidates. Gore and Bush
support increased disclosure of lobbying activities, but opposed a ban on "issue" ads by
independent parties. Gore would require independent parties to disclose donor lists while
Bush supports the right of groups to air them.

The financial activity of presidential Campaigns is:

Candidate Receipts Disbursements Cash on Hand
Bush 57,702,961 19,977,473 37,726,100
McCain 9,418,884 7,302,307 2,109,433

Gore 24,878,638 14,556,332 10,332,305
Bradley 19,274,768 8,573,001 10,701,776

Other 1,589,543 1,197,669 0

Republicans 114,649,490 70,789,473 43,587,241
Democrats 45,567,204 24,532,913 21,034,290
Other 1,589,543 1,197,669 0

Total 105,261,217 49,524,789 56,283,358
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