The Atomic Bomb Argumentative Essay

This essay has a total of 1141 words and 4 pages.

The Atomic Bomb

The atomic bomb is a powerful, explosive nuclear weapon. It is fueled by the fission of
the nuclei of specific amounts of plutonium or uranium, in a chain reaction. The strength
of the explosion created by one of these bombs is equal to the strength of an explosion
created by thousands of tons of TNT. To detonate one of these bombs, enough mass of
plutonium or uranium must be provided to reach what is known as "critical mass." Critical
mass is the mass at which the nuclear reactions going on inside the material can make up
for the neutrons that are leaving the material through its outside surface. These
materials are usually separated within the bomb so that critical mass cannot be reached
until the bomb is ready to explode. Once the chemical reactions within the bomb begin, the
neutrons released by each reaction hit other atoms and create more fission reactions until
all the material is scattered, or completely exhausted. This process releases enormous
amounts of energy in the form of extreme heat and a massive shock wave. These nuclear
explosions, in addition to their pressure waves, high winds, and flash burns, produce
deadly radiation that contaminates soil and water, and destroyed living matter.The atomic
bomb was first created in the early twentieth century. Physicists in the United States and
Europe had discovered that the fission of uranium could be used to create a deadly
explosive weapon. A letter was sent to U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt by Albert
Einstein that described this discovery and warned him of its potential dangers if
developed by other nations. The Manhattan Project was established by the U.S. government
in 1942 so the country could develop an atomic device. A team under the command of United
States Army Brigadier General Leslie R. Groves designed and built the first atomic bombs,
directed by J. Robert Oppenheimer. This type of bomb was first tested at Alamogordo, New
Mexico, on July 16, 1945. The amount of energy that was released by this explosion alone
was equivalent to twenty thousand tons of TNT.Many nations have tested nuclear devices, in
the atmosphere, under the earth, and under the oceans. Only the United States of America,
Russia, Great Britain, France, and China openly admit to possessing these nuclear weapons.
Many other nations, however, are thought to have the capability to assemble these items
quickly. After World War II ended, there was a considerable amount of support developed
for arms control, and for alternatives to military conflict in international relations.
The United Nations Charter was designed to permit a "supranational" agency to enforce
peace, avoiding the many weaknesses of the League of Nations agreement. Through this,
attempts through treaties, proclamations, convention, and tacit agreement to limit the
destructiveness of war by controlling the acquisition and use of weapons and military
technology have been made. It has been noted, that in three thousand years of recorded
history, that less than three hundred years have been free of armed conflict.The two major
memories using this type of bomb were used in World War II, to prevent further expansion
and military dominance by Japan. It became a member of the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis, causing
the United States to freeze all Japanese assets. The United States also cut off all oil
sales to Japan. A peace delegation was sent by Japan to Washington, D.C. Japan promises to
withdraw from Southeast Asia, if the United States will unfreeze their assets, sell scrap
iron, stop aid to China. The United States refused this offer, and on December seventh,
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. The United States made an agreement with England that the
"European theater" would be the first priority in the war, then the allies would help the
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