The battle of Antietam Essay

This essay has a total of 683 words and 4 pages.

The battle of Antietam



The battle of Antietam
By:
Patrick Moffatt



In the battle of Antietam, also known as the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, the Union
forces vastly out-numbered the Confederates. The Unions inadequate commanders and
generals included, Major-General George Brinton McClellan, Major-General Joseph Hooker
(1Corps), Major-General Edwin V. Sumner (2 Corps), Major-General Fitz-John Porter (5
Corps), Major-general William B. Franklin (4 Corps), Major-General Ambrose E. Burnside (11
Corps), Major-General Joseph Mansfield (8 Corps), and Brigadier-General Alfred Pleasonton
(Cavalry Division). The Union army was split up into 195 infantry regiments, 14 cavalry
regiments and 63 batteries, which gave McClellan a total strength of approximately 87,000
men and 378 guns. Of these 2,108 men were killed, 9549 were wounded, and 753 were captured
or missing. The Confederate Generals and leaders were as follows: General Robert E. Lee,
Major-General Thomas J. Jackson (Jackson's Corps), Major-General James Longstreet
(Longstreet's Corps), and Brigadier-General William Pendleton (Reserve Artillery). Lee's
strength only amassed to 86 regiments of infantry, 15 of cavalry and 73 batteries of
artillery which gave him a total of 40,000 men and 292 guns. Of this force 1,512 men were
killed, 7,816 wounded, and 1,844 captured or missing.

At 2 P.M., 117 September 1862, the actual order to start the attack on Lee was given but
due to delays only a desultory artillery engagement took place. Due to the delay the
original plan was changed. The new plan included moving Hooker's Corps across the
northern end of the creek that was farthest from the confederate's lines. With Sumner and
Mansfeild standing by, McClellan launched a devastating flank assault on the left side of
Lee's army. At 6 P.M., the men from Hooker's Corps crossed the creek and stumbled into
Jackson's skirmish line. Thus alerting Jackson, after a small skirmish, to the presence
of and movement of McClellan's right wing. Lee was ready to face McClellan even though he
only had 27,000 troops deployed. Where as McClellan had 75,000 in battle array. At 6.AM.
Hooker sent his 10 brigades down the Hagerstown Turnpike. Brigadier-General Lawton sent a
strong fore of Rebel Infantry into the cornfield, witch laid in the path of the Union
attack. From hooker's position he could see the sun shining off the bayonets of the
confederate soldiers hidden in the corn. Hooker opens fire on the soldiers with his 36
cannons as well as Mclellans heavy battery.

Jackson called for more troops. In response . H. Hill sent up three of his brigades, and
John Bell Hood, Who had taken the men of his demi-division out of the line to cook their
first hot meal in three days, also came up to meet the Yankee onslaught. Jackson's
counter attack broke like a great wave on a breakwater. The tiring soldiers of the 1
Continues for 2 more pages >>