The battle of gettysbury Essay

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the battle of gettysbury



The Battle of Gettysburg

The battle of Gettysburg was the turning point in the American Civil War.

When looking at the causes of the Civil War, and eventually the Battle of Gettysburg, one

must understand the differences between the differences between the North and the South.

The South was fighting the war because they believed that the government treated them

unfairly. They believed that the government overtaxing them, with tariffs and property taxes.

On the other hand the North was fighting the war for two reasons. first to keep the Nation

together and second to abolish slavery.In almost every category: manufacturing, amrywise and

moneywise the North was better off. This set the stage for a very monumental battle we now

call Gettysburg!


The battle of Chancellorsville had just ended and during that battle General

Robert E. Lee made the historic decision to divide his already outmanned and outgunned Army

of Northern Virginia. Lee created three corps from his 75,000 men, which mad it easier for him

to accomplish more tasks in the same amount of time. Lee decided to the offensive role of the

battle by invading Pennsylvania and Maryland in an attempt to end the war quickly by

threatening the northern capitol and waging “total war” on the Northern citizens. Unfortunately,

for Lee because of General Stuart’s joyriding he was left without and clue to the whereabouts,

intentions, strengths, or capabilities of the Union Army of the Potomac. Lee did not know that

Meade(a union commander) was marching straight for him with almost 82,000 men, and more

importantly, a competent and mission orientend calvary commander, John Buford.


July 1, 1863 was the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. The battle begun

when some of General Ambrose Powell Hill’s advance brigades entered the small town of

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania looking for shoes. Because of General Stuart’s failure to complete

his mission of tracking the Union army, Hill’s troops encountered a Union calvary division

commanded by Major General John Bufford. During battle in front of Cemetery Hill,

General Hill encountered resistance from the Union forces which were trying to hold

the Confederates off until more Union troops could help them. The fighting went on until

General Richard S. Ewell arrived and forced the federal troops to retreat to better ground

southeast of Gettysburg. Although the Confederated won the day, Ewell made the mistake of

not allowing General Hill to force the Union forces further back leaving the Union with the

high ground
Continues for 4 more pages >>




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