The Bauhaus Notes

This essay The Bauhaus Notes has a total of 1395 words and 7 pages.

The Bauhaus Notes



Architecturearchitecture
When Walter Gropius resigned as the head of the Bauhaus in 1930, Ludwig
Mies Van Der Rohe (1886-1969) became its director, moving it to Berlin
before political pressures forced it to close in 1933. In his architecture
and furniture he made a clear and elegant statement of the International
Style, so much so that his work had enormous influence on modern
architecture. Taking his motto "less is more" and calling his architecture
"skin and bones," his aesthetic was already fully formed in the model for
a glass skyscraper office building he concieved in 1921.
Working with glass provided him with new freedom and many new
possiblities. In the glass model, three irreguarly shaped towers flow
outward from a central court. The perimeter walls are wholly transparent,
the regular horizontal patterning of the cantilevered floor panes and
their thin vertical supporting elements. The weblike delicacy of the lines
of the glass model, its radiance, and the illusion of movement created by
reflection and by light changes seen through it prefigure many of the
glass skyscrapers of major cities throughout the world.
]previous[ ]next[

Architecture architecture
Georg Muche\'s Haus am Horn, the model house for the Bauhaus exibition in
1923, was the first house he had ever designed. It is an extraordinary
little Modernist Villa, classical in its own way. As the floor plan shows,
it was designed for a single family with young children and no servants.
The living room stands at the centre of the house, surrounded by all the
other, much smaller rooms and lit by clerestory windows above. The
surrounding rooms are linked in a logical way for middle-class households
(the man\'s and the woman\'s rooms both lead into the bathroom, the womans
room connects with the nursery and so on).
Muche became as fascinated by the idea of low cost, quick assembly
prefabricated buildings as Gropius and Meyer. In 1925 they designed a
house that could be assembled simply from steel panels.
]previous[ ]next[

Architecturearchitecture
When Walter Gropius resigned as the head of the Bauhaus in 1930, Ludwig
Mies Van Der Rohe (1886-1969) became its director, moving it to Berlin
before political pressures forced it to close in 1933. In his architecture
and furniture he made a clear and elegant statement of the International
Style, so much so that his work had enormous influence on modern
architecture. Taking his motto "less is more" and calling his architecture
"skin and bones," his aesthetic was already fully formed in the model for
a glass skyscraper office building he concieved in 1921.
Working with glass provided him with new freedom and many new
possiblities. In the glass model, three irreguarly shaped towers flow
outward from a central court. The perimeter walls are wholly transparent,
the regular horizontal patterning of the cantilevered floor panes and
their thin vertical supporting elements. The weblike delicacy of the lines
of the glass model, its radiance, and the illusion of movement created by
reflection and by light changes seen through it prefigure many of the
glass skyscrapers of major cities throughout the world.
]previous[ ]next[

Architecturearchitecture

]g a l l e r y[ It was clear from Gropius\'s Manifesto that the ultimate
aim of the Bauhaus was architecture; the very name Bauhaus suggests it
most strongly. Each of the school\'s three directors, Gropius, Meyer and
Van Der Rohe, were above all an architect and, rightly or wrongly, the
Bauhaus has become strongly identified with the architectural approach
that has variously been called Modernism, The Modern Movement or the
International Style.
The debate surrounding Modernism or the new architecture was carried on in
terms heavy with moral conotations: truth, purity and honesty. Democracy
even entered into it with the attempt to suppress the predominance of one
face of the building in favor of buildings that would only be appreciated
by walking around or through them.
The structure of the building had to be expressed clearly by its outward
appearance. In formal terms, the horizontal was emphasised rather than the
imposing verticals of 19th Century public buildings; flat planes were
interlocked at right angles and surfaces were rendered white to symbolize
purity and clarity. One of the most controversial elements in the german
context was the use of the

Read essay without registering

Donate an essay now and get the full essay emailed you




Acceptable files: .txt, .doc, .docx, .rtf

Email Address

Topics Related to The Bauhaus Notes

Bauhaus, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius, Architecture

Essays Related to The Bauhaus Notes