The Boston Tea Party Essay

This essay has a total of 913 words and 7 pages.

The Boston Tea Party





The Boston Tea Party

The importance of the event

The Boston Tea Party was the key-event for the Revolutionary War. With this act, the colonists

started the violent part of the revolution. It was the first try of the colonists, to rebel with

violence against their own government. The following events were created by the snowball

effect. There, all the colonists realized the first time, that they were treated wrong by the British

government. It was an important step towards the independence dream, which was resting in the

head of each colonist. They all flew from their mother country to start a new life in a new world,

but the British government didn't gine them the possibility by controlling them.


The causes for the Boston Tea Party

The events leading to the Boston Tea Party began already ten years before ( 1763 ), when the

English won the French-and-Indian War. The king of Britain passed taxes on the colonies to

make up for the loss of money because of the war. He did it in a line of acts, called the Sugar

Act ( tax to protect and secure the colonists ) and the Stamp Act ( tax on all licences, newspapers

and business papers ). The colonists reacted with protests against those acts, what made the

British Parliament to repeal the taxes within 5 months. Then they (the government ) passed taxes

on lead, paint, paper and tea. These acts were called the Townshed Duties, but the colonists

called them the "Insidious Acts". Mass meetings were held and people tried to influence others

not to buy English imported goods anymore. In the end the parliament removed all the taxes

except for tea. Actually the colonists easily didn't want to accept, to pay taxes to a government,

they don't really belong to anymore. Although this tax on the tea cost a colonial family just

pennies a year. Sam Adams, a kind of leader of the colonists, figured out, that the tax could be

raised or lowered by the parliament at will. ( Sam Adams: "The power to tax is the power to

destroy!" ).He also pointed out, that the colonists had no representation in the Parliament, and

that they can't be taxed without having a representation in there, to care for their interests and

wills. However, most people drank tea smuggled in from the Netherlands, so they didn't care

very much whether the parliament raises or lowers the taxes.

When the East India Tea company realized, that the colonists were drinking cheap, smuggled

tea, the Parliament gave them ( the company ) the monopoly to export tea without paying duties.

That way the tea could be much cheaper than the holland tea, even with the taxes. This act was

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