The Cavalry During The Civil War Essay

This essay has a total of 889 words and 3 pages.

The Cavalry During The Civil War

The Civil War played a crucial role in American history. Many different types of soldiers
fought in this war, such as Cavalry soldiers, who fought on horseback. The Cavalry played
a strong role in the fighting and used many different weapons and tactics. One type of
Cavalry weapon was the revolver. Only one hand was needed in the firing of this type of
weapon. This was very important since the soldier's other hand was used to manage the
horse. The Colt was the most popular brand of revolvers during the war. The Army and the
Navy were the two main models. The Army model was the most popular of the Union Army. It
was a six shot, .44 caliber revolver that weighed two pounds. "This weapon accounted for
40% of all handguns bought by the Union Ordinance Department" (Weapons of the Civil War
2). The Navy model was very similar to the Army. It had a round barrel instead of an
octagonal barrel and held .36 caliber cartridges. "38,000 were produced during The Civil
War and 15,000 of those were produced within the Confederacy" (Weapons of the Civil War
2).The most famous foreign pistol of the war was The Le Mat, produced by Dr. Le Mat in
France. It was unique in that it had two barrels, like a small shotgun. The upper barrel
shot .40 caliber rounds while the lower barrel shot .63 caliber rounds. Starr was the
third largest producer of revolvers. Starr was known for it's six shot double action
revolver that weighed three pounds and was used mainly by the Union soldiers. It was very
convenient because it held combustible cartridges and could also be fired by the old ball
and powder method. Since Colt had a patent on its firing procedure Starr was forced into
coming up with its own. To fire this pistol a soldier would pull the trigger, which
unlocks then rotates a hammer that then snaps back and fires the cartridge.Another company
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