The Central Processing Unit Essay

This essay has a total of 531 words and 3 pages.

The Central Processing Unit

The Central Processing Unit


Microprocessors, also called central processing units (CPUs), are
frequently described as the "brains" of a computer, because they act as the
central control for the processing of data in personal computers (PCs) and other
computers. Chipsets perform logic functions in computers based on Intel
processors. Motherboards combine Intel microprocessors and chipsets to form the
basic subsystem of a PC. Because it's part of every one of your computer's
functions, it takes a fast processor to make a fast PC. These processors are
all made of transistors. The first transistor was created in 1947 by a team of
scientists at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey. Ever since 1947 transistors have
shrunk dramitically in size enabling more and more to be placed on each single
chip.
The transistor was not the only thing that had to be developed before a
true CPU could be produced. There also had to be some type of surface to
assemble the transistors together on. The first chip made of semiconducitve
material or silicon was invented in 1958 by Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments.
Now we have the major elements needed to produce a CPU. In 1965 a company by
the name of Intel was formed and they began to produce CPU's shortly thereafter.
Gordon Moore, one of the founders of Intel, predicted that the number of
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • Bill Gates
    Bill Gates Bill Gates Biographical Research Paper April 28, 1997 William Henry Gates, III was born October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington. He was the middle child of three born to William and Mary Gates. ATrey,@ as he was called because of the III, was sent to a private school by his father, a lawyer, and mother, a former teacher now on several prestigous boards (Moritz, 238). At age 13, Bill had completely taught himself programming after taking a computer studies class. After scoring a perfec
  • Bill Gates
    Bill Gates Bill Gates Biographical Research Paper April 28, 1997 William Henry Gates, III was born October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington. He was the middle child of three born to William and Mary Gates. ATrey,@ as he was called because of the III, was sent to a private school by his father, a lawyer, and mother, a former teacher now on several prestigous boards (Moritz, 238). At age 13, Bill had completely taught himself programming after taking a computer studies class. After scoring a perfec
  • Advanced Micro Devices
    Advanced Micro Devices Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Corporate Overview 2 Company History 2 Products 3 Financial Information 4 Market Conditions and Competition 5 Strategies & Goals 6 Foreign Operations 6 International Production Facilities 6 Fujitsu Alliance 7 Foreign Currency Translations 8 Hedging 8 Problematic Issues & Their Solutions 9 Lawsuits 9 Taiwan Earthquake 9 Outlook 10 Appendix A – Balance Sheets 11 Appendix B – Income Statements 12 Appendix C – Foreign Subsidiaries 13 Corpo
  • GenesisYour vision for the Future
    GenesisYour vision for the Future Introduction: “GENESIS” – Your Vision for the Future “GENESIS” Corporation is a company that deals with production of computer software and business applications that are essential for successful conduct of business today. We strive to provide affordable, innovative software solutions to users worldwide by applying creativity, experience and teamwork. The result of our efforts is production of high quality business solutions that make our customers’ live easier
  • History of Intel Corp
    History of Intel Corp I. History of Intel Corporation [Back to Top] Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, who had left Fairchild Semiconductor, founded Intel Corporation in 1968. The current chairman of Intel, Andy Grove, had also come from Fairchild to become Intel\'s 4th employee. Their first commercial product was the 3101 Schottky bipolar 64-bit static random access memory (SRAM) chip, and it was moderately successful. The success of Intel didn\'t come until the early 1970\'s. Intel was a company f
  • Intel Corp Leadership Study
    Intel Corp Leadership Study 1. Andy Grove and his role in Intel’s Success When I think of Intel, I think of Andrew Grove. That may be due to my age, and the fact that I was too young in 1968 to know that Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce, pioneers in the semiconductor industry, had left Fairchild Semiconductor to form Intel Corporation. But I believe that my association of Grove with Intel is due more to the tremendous influence that he has had on the company as the official and unofficial overseer
  • Microsoft
    Microsoft MICROSOFT By: Joe McBride Briarcliffe College Microsoft Corporation, leading American computer software company. Microsoft develops and sells a wide variety of computer software products in more than fifty countries. Microsoft\'s Windows operating systems for personal computers are the most widely use operating systems in the world. Microsoft had revenues of .4 billion for the fiscal year ending June 1998, and employs more than 27,000 people in 60 countries. Microsoft has it\'s head
  • MOtorola
    MOtorola Motorola The phone rings. Your pager vibrates off the bed stand. Your PowerPC boots up for the day. Your boss calls you on your cell phone claiming that you’re late. The supercomputers that operate the streetlights in your neighborhood continue to keep your streets safe. If not for Motorola, none of these everyday occurrences would be possible. Motorola, Inc. is headquartered in Schaumburg, Illinois with other offices throughout Illinois and the US, plus offices in China, Japan and thro
  • MOtorola
    MOtorola Motorola The phone rings. Your pager vibrates off the bed stand. Your PowerPC boots up for the day. Your boss calls you on your cell phone claiming that you’re late. The supercomputers that operate the streetlights in your neighborhood continue to keep your streets safe. If not for Motorola, none of these everyday occurrences would be possible. Motorola, Inc. is headquartered in Schaumburg, Illinois with other offices throughout Illinois and the US, plus offices in China, Japan and thro
  • Building a computer
    Building a computer BUILDING A COMPUTER With increasing popularity of computer games, and multimedia home PC users often need an unexpensive computer system upgrade. By building a custom computer one is able to combine componenets, and operating system to provide maximal gaming performance. Computers are often called number manipulators, because of their ability to run millions of mathematical operations per second (White 43). Computers use binary system of numbers, which allows them to operate
  • Buying A Computer
    Buying A Computer Buying a Computer today is much more complicated then it was ten years ago. The choices we have are abundant, and the information we must gather to make those choices is much greater. The average consumer is a more educated buyer; they at least have some ideas of what they want in a computer. Yet, we must still ask ourselves these significant questions; such as: What will the primary function of my computer be? What computer components should I consider at the time of purchase?
  • Computing Power Unleashed
    Computing Power Unleashed This article mainly deals with the microprocessor chip, which is the computer\'s brain. This computer chip is responsible for the majority of the computers functions, it\'s commonly referred to as the Central Processing Unit (CPU). It receives and executes your instructions and determines if your computer understands software written for a Personal Computer (PC) or a Macintosh (MAC). The CPU chip size is small, about half the size of a business card, and just as small a
  • Contrast DOS to Unix
    Contrast DOS to Unix Compare and Contrast Microsoft DOS with UNIX Arthur Bennis Microcomputer Operating Systems CGS 1560 INTRODUCTION As is suggestive of its name, an operating system (OS) is a collection of programs that operate the personal computer (PC). Its primary purpose is to support programs that actually do the work one is interested in, and to allow competing programs to share the resources of the computer. However, the OS also controls the inner workings of the computer, acting as a t
  • How Will We Use Tomorrows PCs
    How Will We Use Tomorrows PCs How Will We Use Tomorrow\'s P.C.s? Tomorrow\'s PCs are going to be different in many ways; they will be more powerful, they will include more facilities for multimedia, and looking further ahead, they may have features such as three dimensional displays, or wrap around virtual reality. These changes will shape the way which we use our PCs, but even without such advances, there are changes that can and will take place in the operating systems that enable us to make b
  • Influences of Personal Computers Today
    Influences of Personal Computers Today Introduction Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people wanted and needed an easier way of calculating and measuring. Through the dreams of Charles Babbage, the computer was born. These new machines could do any regular math more than twice as fast as any human. Sadly, these ideas were not appreciated until almost one hundred years later. In the 1950\'s, the idea of computers was broght up again. This is when people finally started crediting B
  • IT related terms
    IT related terms IT RELATED TERMS UNIX A high-level programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs in the mid 1970s. Although originally designed as a systems programming language, C has proved to be a powerful and flexible language that can be used for a variety of applications, from business programs to engineering. C is a particularly popular language for personal computer programmers because it is relatively small -- it requires less memory than other languages. The first majo
  • Microprocessors
    microprocessors About Microprocessors: Myths and Technology. By Dwight Moreland CIS 221/L Instructor, Mr. John Sharifi 6 June, 1999 Index About Microprocessors Page Myths about Sub-00.00 PCs ………………………………………1 Industry Trends……………………………………………………….5 Shift to On-Chip Cache Pays Off……………………………………..6 How Far Can Intel Go?……………………………………………….9 Intel Seeks Salvation on Internet……………………………………..11 Socket Strategy Challenging for AMD ………………………………14 Review………………………………………………………………..17 Work Cited……………………………
  • Networking Principles
    Networking Principles INTRODUCTION OF NETWORKING One problem that I see with people today is that they are unaware what a computer network is. They might have heard of a computer network, but they are clueless as to how it works or why it works. People have basic questions that need to be answered. My goal is to give basic network information that will hopefully answer those questions. To give people an understanding about computer networks there are several areas that I must focus on. I will gi
  • Intel A Corporation
    Intel A Corporation "A corporation is a business that, although owned by one or more investors, legally has the rights and duties of an individual. Corporations have the right to buy, sell, and own property. Corporations may make legal contracts, hire and fire workers, set prices, and be sued, fined, and taxed. A business must obtain a charter of incorporation from a state legislature or Congress to be legally recognized as a corporation."(Watson, p211) While corporations didn\'t exist until the
  • The Telecommunications Industry
    The Telecommunications Industry The Telecommunications Industry There are many changes that occurred in the industrial organization of interexchange telecommunication services in the United States during the 1985-1995 period. Let’s look at the general idea of Telecommunications. It is the two-way exchange of info in the form of voice or data messages between tow users at distinct geographic locations” (5, 7). The two-way exchange is now a numerous way exchange through the use of computers and th
  • Computer Based Training Business Interchange
    Computer Based Training Business Interchange COMPUTER BASED TRAINING (CBT) BUSINESS INTERCHANGE Dallas Baptist University Spring 1999 MISM 6330, Section 01 Database Management Systems Instructor: Mary Braswell, MBA Mary L. Everitt 19 April 1999 Table of Contents Introduction Computer-based training (CBT) is an all-encompassing term used to describe any computer-delivered training including CD-ROM and the World Wide Web. CBT courseware curriculum development involves the use of integrated multime
  • Women in combat
    women in combat Women in Combat In the 1970’s, the services traditional attitude toward women was challenged; change was forced upon a reluctant establishment (Holm, 198). The decision to end the draft was the catalyst to such change. This decision allowed for women’s’ participation in the armed forces in unprecedented numbers. The United States Armed Forces have more female numbers than any other nation in the world, both in actual numbers and in percentages (Holm, 1982). The drive for an all-v
  • Women in combat1
    women in combat1 Women in Combat In the 1970’s, the services traditional attitude toward women was challenged; change was forced upon a reluctant establishment (Holm, 198). The decision to end the draft was the catalyst to such change. This decision allowed for women’s’ participation in the armed forces in unprecedented numbers. The United States Armed Forces have more female numbers than any other nation in the world, both in actual numbers and in percentages (Holm, 1982). The drive for an all-
  • Women in combat2
    women in combat2 Women in Combat In the 1970’s, the services traditional attitude toward women was challenged; change was forced upon a reluctant establishment (Holm, 198). The decision to end the draft was the catalyst to such change. This decision allowed for women’s’ participation in the armed forces in unprecedented numbers. The United States Armed Forces have more female numbers than any other nation in the world, both in actual numbers and in percentages (Holm, 1982). The drive for an all-
  • Ecotourism in Latin America
    Ecotourism in Latin America Paradise: Gained or Lost? The word ecotourism has not been around for that many years. However it is a word that has briskly become suitable for hotels and tourist attractions alike. This statement can not be more proper to say pertaining to Latin American countries, primarily Costa Rica, which has a high rate of international tourism. Ecotourism is not a word that everyone understands. It is a term that could have multiple meanings. When it comes down to it, though,
  • Sun vs Microsoft
    Sun vs Microsoft Sun Microsystems, Inc. Introduction By 1998 Sun had become a global Fortune 500 leader in enterprise network computing with operations in 150 countries and generating billion in revenues. Sun’s competitors in the technical markets were primarily Intel, Hewlett-Packard (HP), International Business Machine (IBM), Compaq Computer Corporation (CPQ) and Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI). The information technology industry, the market for Sun’s services and products, was extremely comp
  • ABC Finanzas
    ABC Finanzas Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft\'s software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts. Bill Gates\' fir
  • Annual report project
    annual report project 1. Company Information and History 1.Objective and core values The main objective of Motorola is to create shareholder value by continuing to be the world\'s premier electronic and communications equipment company from a creative, strategic and financial standpoint. Motorola supports its objectives with a set of core values. · To anticipate and exceed the needs of its customers. · To provide an environment for growth for the individual dedicated to professionalism and creat
  • Apple Computers
    Apple Computers Apple Computers Apple Computer’s was founded on April Fool’s Day in 1976 by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. They were two college dropouts who started selling computers through Jobs family garage. Between the two Wozniak was the technical man and Jobs had the vision, so together they created their first computer named Apple I. Jobs’ mission for Apple was to provide an “easy-to-use” computer to almost everyone. Two years later the Apple II was launched. The Apple II was extremely us
  • Bill Gates2
    Bill Gates2 Bill Gates Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft\'s software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts. Bill G
  • Electronic Monitoring
    Electronic Monitoring Electronic Monitoring Last year, state prison systems were operating between 14% and 25% over their reported capacity; the federal system 26% over the reported capacity. On average, the incarcerated population has grown 7.9% annually since 1985. The question is: what do we do with the increase overflow and what do we do with those awaiting trial when the jails are filled with a lot of non-violent criminal offenders? Tracking devices such as ankle bracelets and implants coul
  • Gates
    gates Bill Gates Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft\'s software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts. Bill Gates\'
  • Gates1
    gates1 Bill Gates Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft\'s software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts. Bill Gates\
  • Hydrogen
    Hydrogen Dawn of the Hydrogen Age Cars that go 5,000 miles between fill-ups, electric power plants you buy like appliances, a world with radically reduced pollution, and a better standard of living... Sounds like a sci-fi pipe dream - if it weren\'t for all these automobile and power companies spending billions to make it real.by Jacques LeslieI\'m at the headquarters of Ballard Power Systems in Burnaby, a suburb of Vancouver, and my big fuel cell moment is about to occur. Following the example
  • Hydrogen
    Hydrogen Dawn of the Hydrogen Age Cars that go 5,000 miles between fill-ups, electric power plants you buy like appliances, a world with radically reduced pollution, and a better standard of living... Sounds like a sci-fi pipe dream - if it weren\'t for all these automobile and power companies spending billions to make it real.by Jacques LeslieI\'m at the headquarters of Ballard Power Systems in Burnaby, a suburb of Vancouver, and my big fuel cell moment is about to occur. Following the example
  • Intel
    intel A corporation is a business that, although owned by one or more investors, legally has the rights and duties of an individual. Corporations have the right to buy, sell, and own property. Corporations may make legal contracts, hire and fire workers, set prices, and be sued, fined, and taxed. A business must obtain a charter of incorporation from a state legislature or Congress to be legally recognized as a corporation."(Watson, p211) While corporations didn\'t exist until the mid to late 18
  • Intel Corp Leadership Study
    Intel Corp Leadership Study 1. Andy Grove and his role in Intel’s Success When I think of Intel, I think of Andrew Grove. That may be due to my age, and the fact that I was too young in 1968 to know that Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce, pioneers in the semiconductor industry, had left Fairchild Semiconductor to form Intel Corporation. But I believe that my association of Grove with Intel is due more to the tremendous influence that he has had on the company as the official and unofficial overseer
  • November 13, 2000
    Mr4 November 13, 2000 TCP-IP TCP and IP were developed by a Department of Defense (DOD) research project to connect a number different networks designed by different vendors into a network of networks (the "Internet"). It was initially successful because it delivered a few basic services that everyone needs (file transfer, electronic mail, remote logon) across a very large number of client and server systems. Several computers in a small department can use TCP/IP (along with other protocols) on
  • November 13, 2000
    Mr4 November 13, 2000 TCP-IP TCP and IP were developed by a Department of Defense (DOD) research project to connect a number different networks designed by different vendors into a network of networks (the "Internet"). It was initially successful because it delivered a few basic services that everyone needs (file transfer, electronic mail, remote logon) across a very large number of client and server systems. Several computers in a small department can use TCP/IP (along with other protocols) on
  • Robotics
    Robotics What is A Robot WHAT IS A ROBOT The term robot comes from the Czechoslovakian wordfor "forced labor," invented by Karel Capek. Karel Capek used robots in his plays and had them look and behave like people. Today, the word "robot" is harder to define because of new designs and technology. The third edition of Websters\'s New International Dictionary defines a robot as "a machine in the form of a human being that performs the mechanical functions of a human being." However, today\'s robot
  • Y2k Millennium Bug
    Y2k Millennium Bug The Millennial sun will first rise over human civilization in the independent republic of Kiribati, a group of some thirty low lying coral islands in the Pacific Ocean that straddle the equator and the International Date Line, halfway between Hawaii and Australia. This long awaited sunrise marks the dawn of the year 2000, and quite possibly, the onset of unheralded disruptions in life as we know it in many parts of the globe. Kiribati’s 81,000 Micronesians may observe nothing
  • Evolution of the processor unit
    Evolution of the processor unit Only once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one, indeed. The Microprocessor has been around since 1971 years, but in the last few years it has changed the American calculators to video games and computers (Givone 1). Many microprocessors have been manufactured for all sorts of products; some have succeeded and some have not. This paper will discu
  • Bill Gates
    Bill Gates William H. Gates III and His Giant Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft\'s software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayto
  • Intel 1998 Financial Status
    Intel 1998 Financial Status David Pawlowski Intel 1998 Financial Status Company Info: Intel Corp was founded in 1968, in the state of California. Intel is an independent company; it is not a subsidiary, nor does it have subsidiaries. Furthermore, it is well known for its microprocessors for PCs, chipsets, flash memory, embedded control chips, and network communications products. The purchasers of the products are original equipment manufacturers, PC users, and other manufacturers. Intel makes c
  • Microsoft vs The World
    Microsoft vs The World In 2001, as the governments second anti-trust suit is drawing to a close, we are left to wonder just what exactly is Microsoft [MS]. Is it the power hungry monopoly bent on beating or buying its competition; or, is it a company that has grown rich and fruitful because its products and marketing strategy are heads and shoulders above everyone elses. I intend to show that this company began as the latter, but quickly grew into the former. In 1975 childhood friends, Paul A
  • Sun Microsystems, Inc.
    sun Sun Microsystems, Inc. NASD : SUNW Sector: Technology Industry: Computer Hardware Sun Microsystems, Inc. is a worldwide provider of products, services and support solutions for building and maintaining network-computing environments. The Company sells scalable computer systems, high-speed microprocessors and high performance software for operating network computing equipment and storage products. The Company also provides support, education and professional services. The Company\'s products
  • Assembly
    Assembly When programming in assembly language, we have to specify operations in a much greater level of detail than we would have to do in a high level language. Furthermore, we get relatively little help from the assembler in finding errors. Assemblers can only check the syntax of each line, and check that every symbol or label used is defined somewhere. We are much less constrained by the structure of the assembly language than we are by the structure of a high level language. This lack of c
  • Computer Architecture
    Computer Architecture Computer Architecture 1. There have been a lot of developments in microprocessors since the 286 chip. The 286 CPU are no longer sold and are very rarely found in commercial use today because of its running speed, which is between 10MHz to 20MHz. This processor has a 24-bit address bus, and is able to address up to 16 million different address locations. It also has two operating modes, which are real mode and protected mode. The real mode is basically for normal DOS operat
  • Computers in Life
    Computers in Life A man wakes up in the morning to the sound of his digital alarm clock and immediately checks his e-mail. He turns on the television, which has a V-chip to keep his children from watching what may be violent. He gets dressed, gets in his car, and drives to work where he works as the network administrator at a local steel company. It is amazing all of the things this man uses in the morning alone that would not be possible if it were not for computer technology. From his alarm c
  • History of the coputer
    History of the coputer COMPUTER Generally, a computer is any device that can perform numerical Calculations --even an adding machine, an abacus, or a slide rule. Currently, however, the term usually refers to an electronic device that can use a list of instructions, called a program, to perform calculations or to store, manipulate, and retrieve information. Today\'s computers are marvels of miniaturization. Machines that once weighed 30 tons and occupied warehouse-size rooms now may weigh as li