The Confederation Of America Essay

This essay has a total of 1322 words and 6 pages.


The Confederation Of America






“The band which at present holds us together, by a very feeble thread, will soon be
broken, when anarchy and confusion must ensue.” George Washington said this while
describing the current government of the United States. With the ratification of Maryland
on March 1, 1781, the Articles of Confederation went into affect and all seemed well.
Even though the Confederation had many accomplishments, it was hardly an ideal government.
Problems began to arise soon following the enactment of the Articles. The Confederation
lacked adequate powers to deal with interstate issues, while it lacked ample stature to be
of an influence on other nations, making the Confederation unable to negotiate easily.
Financial issues were prominent because the states were allowed to coin their own money
and the government could not force states to give it funding. Problems within the states
arose because of economical problems resulting from the states having too much power,
economically as well as politically. The government had little power to do many
things-its main jobs were to recommend and advise.

Because each state was allowed to print its own currency, interstate trade became
increasingly difficult. Currency that was used in one state was worthless in others.
This led to states waging trade wars against one another, and imposing tariffs on good
imported across state boundaries. Because there was no national currency, merchants found
it difficult to trade within the United States that further depressed the economical
position of the country. In order to change federal taxes, all thirteen states had to
agree to the change. This made it almost impossible for the government to increase its
funding.

Problems arose within the states because of economic sanctions pressed upon one state to
another. Because of these problems, many people were driven into financial ruin. States
were agitated by political turmoil over the respective rights and responsibilities of
debtors and creditors. The economic downturn of the mid-1780s and the difficult lives of
farmers made relations between debtors and creditors a major source of controversy. In
Rhode Island, the two parties struggled to control the state government in annual
elections. These struggles resulted in rapidly changing state laws that slowed interstate
commerce. Some states demanded – and some achieved – the enactment of paper
money laws, which would spur inflation so that debtors could more easily satisfy the
creditors. However, the inflation hurt the creditors bit the value of the paper money and
the stability of interstate transactions.

In states where debtors could not secure relief through politics, they sometimes took arms
to defend their homes against what they deemed to be cruel and heartless creditors and an
indifferent judicial system. One of these rebellions was Shay’s Rebellion, which
took place in Western Massachusetts. However, it was not limited to only Massachusetts.
Soon outbreaks of violence ranged from Vermont to Virginia. In the winter of 1787
Shay’s Rebellion was put down, but its lessons and its warnings lingered in the
thoughts of many people. This demonstrated to many Americans the urgent need for a sound,
strong government.

The government had little power to deal with international and national issues. For
example, in 1786, the Spanish minister to the United States, Son Diego de Gardoqui,
offered the Confederation’s Secretary of Foreign Affairs, John Jay, a deal by which
the United States would receive a commercial treaty with Spain in exchange for giving up
its claims to free navigation of the Mississippi. Jay believed that the future population
growth would force the Spanish to give in on access to the Mississippi, but the delegates
of the five southern states voted to reject the plan. If the government had the power to
make the decision in this case, the United States would have gained commercial rights with
Spain that would have greatly improved the overall economy of the United States.

On the national level, the Confederation was not successful on collecting payments
promised by the states on time. The Confederation was powerless to satisfy the war debt
ran up during the Revolution, or to compel the states to pay what they had promised to by.
States also failed to send delegates to Congress, making times when the Congress lacked a
quorum. The Confederation could not ever secure an amendment to the Articles to permit
Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • Abortion
    abortion Click Here to Visit our Sponsor Abortion Life or Death ÄÄÄ Who Chooses? In Roman times, abortion and the destruction of unwanted children was permissible, but as out civilization has aged, it seems that such acts were no longer acceptable by rational human beings, so that in 1948, Canada along with most other nations in the world signed a declaration of the United Nations promising every human being the right to life. The World Medical Association meeting in Geneve at the same time, sta
  • Alcohol
    alcohol “...A CAPITAL OR OTHERWISE INFAMOUS CRIME...” “... NOR BE DEPRIVED OF LIFE ... WITHOUT DUE PROCESS OF LAW...” THE DEATH PENALTY UPHOLD THE CONSTITUTION BY PROTECTING THE PUBLIC AND RIDDING THE COUNTRY OF OFFENDERS WITH “DUE PROCESS OF LAW.” From 1882 through 1951 there were 4,730 recorded lynchings by vigilantes in the U.S, with many of them being highly public affairs. Even when miscreants were afforded a trial and executed in accordance with law, such events were often local in nature.
  • Careers and Colleges
    Careers and Colleges Research Project: Careers and Colleges It is difficult for first time job hunters to have realistic ideas about how to profit from their skills. This is why it is important to investigate what career you may be interested in and what colleges will enable you to excell in that career. The profession that I am interested into going into is an elementary school teacher. Fordham University and New York University are two colleges that offer excellent elementary education program
  • Equality to all
    Equality to all Equality for All? The question has been raised: who is in control of curriculum in our school? Not just the choosing of the precise books, but who is in charge of the contents of the books that curriculum directors can choose from? Once the answers to these questions are found, what should be done if they point to one group? So many problems in the United States have arisen when the people discover that one group is violating the people’s rights in some way by not allowing others
  • Ethnic diversity
    ethnic diversity Affirmative action can be defined as action taken to compensate for past unfairness in the education of minorities. The current system of affirmative action allows universities to admit applicants from certain ethnic and minority groups with lower credentials. The main purpose of affirmative action is to produce a diverse campus population that is comparable to today\'s society. The use of race as a facto by which someone is admitted to college in the long run will compromise th
  • International Terrorism
    International Terrorism INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM By John Freel. This was a very difficult project for me to carry out, coming from an area were racial discrimination is almost non existent were only sometimes does religious bigotry raise it\'s ugly head, but not nearly in the proportions of this project. KU KLUX KLAN. Ku Klux Klan, is a secret terrorist organisation that originated in the southern states during the period of Reconstruction following the American Civil War and was reactivated on a
  • Juilus and Ethel Rosenberg
    Juilus and Ethel Rosenberg The outcome of the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Trial for espionage in 1951 and their subsequent execution in 1953 was directly related to the political climate at that time. The governments evidence against the Rosenbergs was not over whelming but due to a combination of fear and political pressure the guilty verdict was inevitable. Even though Julius did not deliver the secrets of the bomb to Moscow and nor did they cause the Korean war, as Judge Kaufman claimed, they
  • Legality of same sex marriages
    legality of same sex marriages INTRODUCTION The proposed legalization of same sex marriage is one of the most significant issues in contemporary American family law. Presently, it is one of the most vigorously advocated reforms discussed in law reviews, one of the most provocative issues. It could be one of the most revolutionary policy decisions in the history of American family law. The potential consequences, positive or negative, for children, parents, same-sex couples, families, social, str
  • Louisiana purchase
    louisiana purchase Several great American Statesmen were pivotal in shaping and molding the government of the United States. History has since forgotten some of these founding fathers. The ones remembered throughout history are those we hold up for their accomplishments. Thomas Jefferson is one of the American Statesmen that stands out from the rest as being one of the greatest contributors to our present form of government. Historian Robert Tucker described Jefferson\'s life as being a paradox.
  • Madison
    Madison Madison\'s demand was interpreted as a prelude to war. The embargo was passed promptly by Congress, and it expired on June 1. On that date, no satisfactory solution having been offered, Madison addressed his war message to Congress. He told Congress that "our commerce has been plundered in every sea," that Britain was intent on destroying American commerce "not as supplying the wants of her enemies, which she herself supplies; but as interfering with the monopoly which she covets for her
  • Racism
    Racism If there is one thing that the OJ Simpson trial will be remembered for, it is the racial polarization felt by all who have an opinion of the trial. Even though the trial itself was a farce, it does say something about where we are today as an American culture. It seems as though the racial divide is growing ever wider in our culture. Terms such as African-American or Irish-American are only helping to expand separation based on ethnic background. Just the fact that people insist on being
  • Status Quo
    status Quo Status Quo 1776, The American colonies rebelled against their oppressive, imperialistic mother country Great Britain. They challenged the traditions of an ancient mother country to become an independent nation that would eventually lead the free world. Critical review of established laws, attitudes and beliefs are what this country was forged from. The United States exemplifies the idea that it is necessary to challenge practiced policies when they have become obsolete and ineffective
  • Thr Japanese people
    Thr Japanese people The number of foreigners learning Japanese continuously increases each year. This therefore leads me to believe that these people must have an interest in Japan. However, it does make one wonder what images they have of Japan. Do these people really have a good and right image of Japan? I am acquainted with a few of these people and they claim their love of Japan is due to its fascinated with their own culture and heritage? The Japanese are amongst the easiest people to get a
  • 1952
    1952 In 1954, many barriers were broken that made this a year of success. One of the major achievements is the cure for Polio being discovered which saved many lives and made the disease extinct. Other successes include the revolution of music and the birth of Rock & Roll. Other achievements this year were the invention of the first 2-seated sports car, the corvette, and the beginning of the Sports Illustrated magazine. During this year, RCA also produced the first color television where familie
  • 1960 establishment
    1960 establishment ÿThe Establishment in the 1960\'s The nineteen sixties were times of great change. Many people went from moderates to radicals because of the environment around them. That environment was called the establishment. It included all of the events going on in the nineteen sixties. Some of the main events taking place were the Vietnam War, the government, the Democratic National Convention and the culture (*). Many protested things that they did not believe in or thought was wrong
  • A modernday revolution American turmoil in the 196
    A modernday revolution American turmoil in the 1960s Hubert Humphrey once stated, “When we say, ‘One nation under God, with liberty and justice for all,’ we are talking about all people. We either ought to believe it or quit saying it” (Hakim 111). During the 1960’s, a great number of people did, in fact, begin to believe it. These years were a time of great change for America. The country was literally redefined as people from all walks of life fought to uphold their standards on what they beli
  • A More Perfect Union
    A More Perfect Union The Articles of Confederation The determined Madison had for several years insatiably studied history and political theory searching for a solution to the political and economic dilemmas he saw plaguing America. The Virginian\'s labors convinced him of the futility and weakness of confederacies of independent states. America\'s own government under the Articles of Confederation, Madison was convinced, had to be replaced. In force since 1781, established as a "league of frien
  • Abolition
    Abolition A Stronger Resistance The abolitionist movement in the United States sought to eradicate slavery using a wide range of tactics and organizations. The antislavery movement mobilized many African Americans and some whites who sought to end the institution of slavery. Although both black and white abolitionists often worked together, the relationship between them was intricate. The struggle for black abolitionists was much more personal because they wanted to end slavery and also wanted t
  • African Women
    African Women Introduction 70% of African women with disabilities get them from their husbands. In Africa, most women have little or no rights. This effects what they can do for work, how their family life is, and what future they have. Women throughout time, especially in African culture, have always been subservient to men. The status of women in Africa is second-rate. In countries like the United States, women have the same rights as men and are almost equal. But in Africa it’s totally differ
  • AfricanAmericans in the Civil War
    AfricanAmericans in the Civil War The foundation for black participation in the Civil War began more than a hundred years before the outbreak of the war. Blacks in America had been in bondage since early colonial times. In 1776, when Jefferson proclaimed mankind’s inalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, the institution of slavery had become firmly established in America. Blacks worked in the tobacco fields of Virginia, in the rice fields of South Carolina, and toiled in
  • Agent Orange
    Agent Orange In 1962, the United States Military began to use a potentially toxic chemical known as Agent Orange. The toxic chemical was used a defoliant to destroy crops and eliminate ground cover during the Vietnam War. Vietnamese troops would hide underneath the thick forest and make it impossible for United States troops to spot them. So in 1962 the Army began using Agent Orange as a way of eliminating that problem. The government had very little knowledge about the deadly chemical but went
  • VEssay submitted by Unknown
    AH VEssay submitted by Unknown Early Life Born in Monroeville, Alabama, on April 28, 1926, Nelle Harper Lee is the youngest of three children of Amassa Coleman Lee and Francis Lee. Before his death, Miss Lee\'s father and her older sister, Alice, practiced law together in Monroeville. When one considers the theme of honor that runs throughout Miss Lee\'s novel, it is perhaps significant to note that her family is related to Confederate General Robert E. Lee, a man especially noted for his devoti
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this man\'s work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes, many have heard of Albert Einstein\'s General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover what some have called, "The greatest single achievement
  • Alcatraz
    Alcatraz Alcatraz: United States Penitentiary 1934-1963 As a result of the Great Depression, a new breed of violent criminals swept the streets of America. In response to the cries of alarmed citizens, Congress enacted a number of statutes, which gave the federal government jurisdiction over certain criminal offenses previously held by the states. With the suggestion of former US Attorney General, Homes Cummings, Congress agreed that a special penal institution of maximum security and minimum pr
  • Alger Hiss
    Alger Hiss In August 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist appearing before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), charged that Alger Hiss, was a Communist spy. Chambers claimed that he and Hiss had belonged to the same espionage group and that Hiss had given him secret State Department documents. This group was a network of American spies recruited by the Soviet Union to collect useful information for Moscow. Alger Hiss was a Harvard-educated lawyer and a distinguished Washin
  • America in the 19th Century
    America in the 19th Century In colonial America, most manufacturing was done by hand in the home. Some was done in workshops attached to the home. As towns grew into cities, the demand for manufactured goods increased. Some workshop owners began hiring helpers to increase production. Relations between the employer and helper were generally harmonious. They worked side by side, had the same interests and similar political views. The factory system that began around 1800 brought great changes. The
  • American Cowboys
    American Cowboys American Cowboys Have you ever wondered who the cowboys were; how they lived; or what they did? The American Cowboy’s way of life was interesting and unique, and they contributed more to society than one might think. Besides looking after stock and driving cattle, they had to round up huge numbers of cattle for ranchers. This paper will examine the American cowboy’s character, what they wore, the everyday things they did like driving cattle and branding calves and the lawlessnes
  • American Expansion
    American Expansion American expansion to the Pacific was introduced to the people of the country by several different means. The reasons for expansion did not exclude Politics, economy, nor society. Primarily the contributions that that the rise of expansion can be attributed to include Manifest Destiny, land hunger, suspicion of British intentions as well as trade opportunities. Each was valuable, some more than others, to impel the wheels of expansionism to begin. The most important contributo
  • American Immigration
    American Immigration December 11, 2000 Immigration In the decades following the Civil War, the United States emerged as an industrial giant. Old industries expanded and many new ones, including petroleum refining, steel manufacturing, and electrical power, emerged. Railroads expanded significantly, bringing even remote parts of the country into a national market economy. America was the ideal place. In the late 1800s, people in many parts of the world decided to leave their homes and immigrate t
  • American Imperialism
    American Imperialism The United States became an imperialist nation at the end of the 19th century because Americans wanted to expand over seas with their belief in manifest destiny. The three factors that started American imperialism were political and military competition including the creation of a strong naval force, economic competition among industrial nations and a belief in the racial and cultural superiority of people of Anglo-Saxon decent. The Spanish American War marked the emergence
  • American Women During WWII
    american Women During WWII American Women During World War II. America\'s entry into World War II posed opportunities for American women domestically, yet paradoxically heightened fears in the polity about the exact role that women should adopt during wartime. A central issue that dominated women\'s lives during this period was how to combine the private sphere of the home, with the new demands of the war economy in the public sphere. Women made significant gains in the military, the war economy
  • Americas involvement in world war 2
    Americas involvement in world war 2 America\'s involvement in World War Two When war broke out , there was no way the world could possibly know the severity of this guerre. Fortunately one country saw and understood that Germany and its allies would have to be stopped. America\'s Involvement in World War two not only contributed in the eventual downfall of the insane Adolph Hitler and his Third Reich, but also came at the precise time and moment. Had the united states entered the war any earlier
  • AMERICAS INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR TWO
    AMERICAS INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR TWO AMERICA’S INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR TWO When war broke out, there was no way the world could possibly know the severity of this guerre. Fortunately one country saw and understood that Germany and its allies would have to be stopped. America’s Involvement in World War two not only contributed in the eventual downfall of the insane Adolph Hitler and his Third Reich, but also came at the precise time and moment. Had the United States entered the war any earlier
  • AMERICAS INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR TWO 1
    AMERICAS INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR TWO 1 AMERICA’S INVOLVEMENT IN WORLD WAR TWO When war broke out, there was no way the world could possibly know the severity of this guerre. Fortunately one country saw and understood that Germany and its allies would have to be stopped. America’s Involvement in World War two not only contributed in the eventual downfall of the insane Adolph Hitler and his Third Reich, but also came at the precise time and moment. Had the United States entered the war any earlie
  • Amish Culture
    Amish Culture The past five weeks in my life have really had an impact on me. In such a short period of time, I have become more aware of the different cultures that exist around the world today. We tend to think that our way of life is the only way there is, or at least the only right way. It is really very ignorant to think that everyone believes and behaves the same way. People should stop being so self-centered and take notice and interest in cultural diversity. There are numerous different
  • Andrew Carnegie
    Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie Essay written by aliciareagan@neo.tamu.edu A man of Scotland, a distinguished citizen of the United States, and a philanthropist devoted to the betterment of the world around him, Andrew Carnegie became famous at the turn of the twentieth century and became a real life rags to riches story. Born in Dunfermline, Scotland, on November 25, 1835, Andrew Carnegie entered the world in poverty. The son of a hand weaver, Carnegie received his only formal education during
  • Andrew jackson
    andrew jackson Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, to a family of immigrants in the Waxhaw settlement on the western frontier of South Carolina. Jackson\'s parents died when he was 14, and was brought up by an uncle who was a slave owner. He became a lawyer at the age of 20 and as a prosecuting attorney in Nashville, Tennessee. He married Rachel Donelson Robards on January 17,1794, whose father was very trusted and well known. This helped Jackson\'s career and s
  • Ap History Essay
    Ap History Essay AP History Essay Declaration of Independence is considered one of the most important documents in world history because its effects were felt around the world and not only in its place of origin, the United States. While blacks used context from the declaration to challenge slavery in the United States, the French used its ideals to start their own revolution. The Declaration of Independence can be seen to be one of the few documents that had a profound impact on the world, and
  • Articles of Confederation
    Articles of Confederation From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an ineffective government, however there were some strong steps taken in the articles to try and make the United States a better country. The articles created a loose confederation of independent states that gave limited powers to a central government, known as Congress. Some actions taken by Congress, such as the Treaty of Paris, and certain powers that were given to them were sometimes ben
  • Atomic Bomb
    Atomic Bomb August 6th, 1945, 70,000 lives were ended in a matter of seconds. The United States had dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Today many argue over whether or not the US should have taken such a drastic measure. Was it entirely necessary that we drop such a devastating weapon? Yes, it was. First, look at what was going on at the time the decision was made. The U.S had been fighting a massive war since 1941. Morale was most likely low, and resources were probably at the sam
  • Atomic Bomb
    Atomic Bomb August 6th, 1945, 70,000 lives were ended in a matter of seconds. The United States had dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Today many argue over whether or not the US should have taken such a drastic measure. Was it entirely necessary that we drop such a devastating weapon? Yes, it was. First, look at what was going on at the time the decision was made. The U.S had been fighting a massive war since 1941. Morale was most likely low, and resources were probably at the sam
  • Bay of Pigs
    Bay of Pigs The Bay of Pigs Invasion The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castro, is st
  • Bay Of Pigs 10 pages
    Bay Of Pigs 10 pages B A Y O F P I G S The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs, which is located on the south coast of Cuba about 97 miles southeast of Havanna, was one of mismanagement, poor judgment, and stupidity (“Bay of Pigs” 378). The blame for the failed invasion falls directly on the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and a young president by the name of John F. Kennedy. The whole intention of the invasion was to assault communist Cuba and put an end to Fidel Castro. I
  • Beethoven
    beethoven The Civil Rights Movement The Civil Rights Movement in the United States was a political, legal, and social struggle by black Americans to gain full citizenship rights and to achieve racial equality. The Civil Rights movement was first and foremost a challenge to segregation. During the Civil Rights Movement, individuals and organizations challenged segregation and discrimination with a variety of activities, including protest marches, boycotts, and refusal to abide by segregation laws
  • Ben Franklin BiographyCritique
    Ben Franklin BiographyCritique Ben Franklin: Early Life In his many careers as a printer, moralist, essayist, civic leader, scientist, inventor, statesman, diplomat, and philosopher, for later generations of Americans he became both a spokesman and a model for the national character. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts on Jan. 17, 1706, into a religious Puritan household. His father, Josiah, was a candlemaker and a skillful mechanic. His mother, Abiah Ben’s parents raised thirteen children--the
  • Benjamin franklin
    Benjamin franklin Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts. He was born into a modest family, but later became to be one of the greatest statesmen in the country. He shaped this country’s course of events, which forever changed the way we live today. Ben Franklin made many contributions to the revolutionary cause. One could say he was one of the greatest fighters in the Revolutionary War. Although he did not fight physically with weapons, he powerfully fought with
  • Bitter Rivals Henry Cabot Lodge and Woodrow Wilson
    Bitter Rivals Henry Cabot Lodge and Woodrow Wilson Bitter Rivals: Woodrow Wilson and Henry Cabot Lodge Political rivalries define American government. The dual-party system by nature sets up partisan rivalries between members of all three branches of our government – rivalries that have at times pushed our government to progress and at other times slowed it to a grinding halt. The contrasting backgrounds and resulting political ideologies of Woodrow Wilson and Henry Cabot Lodge created a modern
  • Black Americans
    Black Americans Black Americans Black Americans are those persons in the United States who trace their ancestry to members of the Negroid race in Africa. They have at various times in United States history been referred to as African, coloured, Negro, Afro-American, and African-American, as well as black. The black population of the United States has grown from three-quarters of a million in 1790 to nearly 30 million in 1990. As a percentage of the total population, blacks declined from 19.3 in
  • Bunker hill
    bunker hill Boom, Bang, Crack! The sounds of muskets being fired, its ammunition ricocheting off rocks and splintering trees are heard all around. The pungent smell of gun powder stings the nose, and its taste makes the mouth dry and sticky. The battle is still young, but blood soaked uniforms and dead or dying men can already be seen, causing the fear of death to enter many of the soldiers\' minds. It is remembered that freedom is what the fight is for, so we must continue to gain independence.
  • Cambodia
    Cambodia The Impact of the Past on the Present Cambodia, then, like so many other nations in the developing world, is an agricultural country, and, in terms of the cash incomes of its people, desperately poor. In the past, Cambodia was able to earn foreign exchange to pay for imported goods by selling agricultural surpluses-of rice and corn, for example-or plant crops, such as pepper, rubber, and cotton. Its normal patterns of trade were broken up in the wars of the 1970\'s. When the fighting di