The crusaders and muslims in palestine Essay

This essay has a total of 1515 words and 6 pages.

The crusaders and muslims in palestine


Crusaders and Muslims in Palestine


Throughout time, history has had a tendency to repeat itself. It has done so in good means
as well as bad. People learn from the past and apply it to their every day lives. Although
people try to do the right thing and not follow mistakes that have been already made, they
just seem to come about. Today, our country is experiencing a situation that is extremely
similar to the situation occurred in 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. Crusades now can be
defined as well all wars undertaken in pursuance of a vow and directed against infidels.
Back in the middle ages, it was known as any military expedition undertaken by the
Christians of Europe. The history of the crusades is filled with the mercilessness of the
crusaders and the kind-heartedness of the Muslims. The Muslims were massacred everywhere
the crusaders arrived, while the Christians were treated kindly by the Muslims. The
Christians and the Muslims were fighting against one another in order to spread their
religion, or end the other.

The event leading up to the start of the holy wars was the invasions of the Holy Land,
Jerusalem. Jerusalem was a holy site for the Christians as well as the Muslims. For the
Christians, it was a sacred place because Jesus was crucified and on the site where his
body was placed in a tomb. They built a church of Holy Sepulchure which stands of the hill
where Christ was believed to have been crucified, died, buried, and where he rose again.
For the Muslims, this place was cared because they believed that the founder of their
religion, Muhammad, was able to visit heaven from there. For that reason, they built many
masques and the most famous one is the Dome of the Rock. Islam was spreading very fast.
Europe's greatest threat came from the forces of Islam. These threats became real. Battles
broke out and these battles turned to wars that lasted from 1095 to 1229. These years of
bloodshed were led by men of power to gain control over the Holy Land of Jerusalem.
Jerusalem was extremely important to the Muslims and Christians at this time. Many
religious events had happened there, and many of the landmarks of both religions were
located in Jerusalem. It was all over for one city, Jerusalem the Holy Land. At first,
Christians occupied Jerusalem. The Christian people head out from giving up their land to
their invaders, the Muslims. In February of 638, the Christian bishop of Jerusalem,
Sophronus, was forced to surrender the city. By the 11th century, the balance of power
began to swing toward the West. The Church became more centralized and stronger. Europe's
population was growing, its urban life was beginning to revive, and both long distance and
local trade were gradually increasing. A growing population created more wealth that meant
a greater demand from elsewhere. The interests coincided with religious feeling about the
Holy Land and so the crusades began. The Muslims treated Christians well at fist. They
just thought of them as people who were misguided in their choice of religion. They
encouraged them to convert to Islam, but never forced them. The Christians who did not
convert were than known as mawali meaning brother of Islam. Those who did not convert were
called djimmis meaning the protected people. Even thought the Christian people were able
to keep their religion, they had to take certain rules that came along with that. They had
to pay extra tax called jizya, as well as having to abide by extra rules such as not being
allowed to marry a Muslim, or to own arms or horses. They were allowed to keep their
churches. At this point of time, Europe was in what is known as the Middle Ages of the
Dark Ages. This is when the land was separated by manors. All the neighboring manors would
be in wars with each other. Each lord was trying to gain more land. Pope Urban II, in a
speech of Clermont in France in November 1095, called for a great Christian expedition to
free Jerusalem from the Turks, a new Muslim power that had recently begun actively
harassing peaceful Christian pilgrims traveling to Jerusalem. Urban's speech appealed to
thousands of people of all classes. This started the first crusade.

The appeal for soldiers to fight for Jerusalem was very successful. Great nobles, clergy
and peasants from all over Europe began preparing for the trip. Most of the people who
were going were going for the most important reason, a religious reason. They thought that
God had wanted them to. The Crusaders mission was to regain Jerusalem from the holiest
ground of the Christian faith from the grasp of the Muslims. The official crusading armies
did not head of the long journey until the middle of 1096. There were three main bands
from Northern France, Southern France, and Southern Italy. The crusading army arrived in
Byzantium over a period of several months early in 1097. Throughout their trip to
Palestine, they committed horrible things like raping, murdering, and plundering Jews and
Muslims. As they traveled to Jerusalem, they came upon many wars with other Turkish lands
as well as lands occupied by Jews. As they marched east, they were joined by thousands of
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