The difference between logical and physical networ Essay

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the difference between logical and physical networks

In-Text Citations
The first words of the in-text citation should mirror the first words of the source on the References page.
Remember the following
• Never use the URL in the citation.
• Never use the first or middle initials of the author(s) in the citation.
• Always include the year in the citation.
• Always use p. or pp. for page numbers or para. or ¶ for paragraph numbers with direct quotations.
• Include the author's name or title of the work when no author is listed, year, and
page or paragraph number (for a direct quotation) within the parentheses.

• Place the punctuation after the final parenthesis of the citation unless it is a block quote.
• Follow the rule of punctuation for capitalization of the first title mentioned within
the reference. Titles of books and articles: capitalize the first word, the first word
following a colon, and proper nouns.

The following examples provide information about how to format in-text citations and the
corresponding source on the reference page.

University of Phoenix, Student Development Services 1
Table of Contents
A book with one

A book with two or more

A book with a group

A journal

A journal article from an online

A journal article from an online database—anonymous author.............................................8
A newspaper

A website with no

A website with an

University of Phoenix e-text authored by individuals..............................................................12
University of Phoenix e-text that is a compilation of pieces of other works edited by
University of Phoenix as a completely new

University of Phoenix rEsource

A University of Phoenix



University of Phoenix, Student Development Services 2
A book with one author
A book with one author could be formatted in any of the following ways:
In-Text Citation
Sample 1 According to Venes (2001), three types of influenza are spreading throughout
the country.
Sample 2 Three types of influenza are spreading throughout the country (Venes, 2001).
Sample 3 Venes (2001) stated, "The types of influenza doctors must prepare for fall into three categories" (p. 106).
Reference Page Citation
Venes, D. (2001). Taber's cyclopedic medical dictionary (19th ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.
In-Text Citation
Sample 4 Cleckley (1997) noted that diversity in the classroom prepared young Americans for work in a global society.
Sample 5 Diversity in the classroom prepared young Americans for work in a global society
was the idea presented by well-known scholar Bernard Cleckley (1997).

Sample 6 "Because youth have had experience working and playing with children of other
races and cultures while growing up, they will be better able to interact with those of
other cultures when working within intercultural corporations" (Cleckley, 1997, p. 37).

Reference Page Citation
Cleckley, B. (1997). Strategies for promoting pluralism in education and the
workplace. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
University of Phoenix, Student Development Services 3
A book with two or more authors
A book with two or more authors could be formatted in any of the following ways:
In-Text Citation
Sample 1 Often, people compare Caldwell and Thomason's (2004) book to The DaVinci Code
because of their brilliant writing and historical context.

Sample 2 The Book of Four has been compared to Don Brown's The DaVinci Code (Caldwell & Thomason, 2004).
Sample 3 "An encyclopedia masquerading as a novel, The Book of Four is a dissertation on
everything from architecture to zoology" (Caldwell & Thomason, 2004, p. 136).

Reference Page Citation
Caldwell, I, & Thomason, D. (2004). The book of four. New York: Dell.
In-Text Citation
Sample 4 Mandelbroth and Hudson (2004) have combined Mendelbroth's mathematical framework
with Hudson's knowledge of Wall Street to produce a must-read for any serious investor.

Sample 5 For the individual who manages money for a living, one of the best books on the
market is The Misbehavior of Markets by Mandelbrot and Hudson (2004).

Sample 6 "This equilibrium market clearing price is automatically interpreted as being the
mean of a normal probability distribution" (Mandelbroth & Hudson, 2004, p. 46).

Reference Page Citation
Mandelbrot, B., & Hudson. R. L. The misbehavior of markets. (2004). New York: Basic
University of Phoenix, Student Development Services 4
A book with a group author
A book with a group author could be formatted in any of the following ways:
In-Text Citation
Sample 1 The 9/11 Commission Report (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks, 2004) is
one of the most important documents of this century.

Sample 2 A very clear mandate was expressed by The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks (2004).
Sample 3 "Investigate the facts and circumstance relating to the terrorist attacks of
9/11, including all agencies, intelligence, law enforcement, diplomacy, immigration
issues, the flow of access to terrorist groups, flow of commercial aviation, the role of
congressional oversight and resource allocation, and other areas as determined by the
Commission" (National Commission on Terrorist Attacks, 2004, p. 14).

Reference Page Citation
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks. (2004). The 9/11 commission report: Final report
of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States. New York: W.W.

University of Phoenix, Student Development Services 5
A journal article
A journal article could be formatted in any of the following ways:
In-Text Citation
Sample 1 Walker and Schutte (2002) believed that the five areas of team building were not
inclusive of all the areas needing attention.

Sample 2 Not everyone agrees with the five areas of team building (Walker & Schutte, 2002).
Sample 3 "Given sufficient time, a team should be able to surmount any and all challenges
to productive activity" (Walker & Schutte, 2002, p. 52).

Reference Page Citation
Walker, J., & Schutte, K. (2002, January). Practice and process in wraparound teamwork.
Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorder, 12(3), 182.

University of Phoenix, Student Development Services 6
A journal article from an online database
A journal article from an online database could be formatted in any of the following ways:
In-Text Citation
Sample 1 Daniels (2004) included Garden Restaurants on his list of the 50 best companies for minorities.
Sample 2 A list of companies has been singled out as best for minority employees (Daniels, 2004).
Sample 3 "At the Olive Garden and Red Lobster chains, diversity efforts are encouraged
from ‘boardroom to dining room" (Daniels, 2004, para. 5).

[Note: No page number was listed in this particular article because of the way the article
Continues for 8 more pages >>

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    REMEMBER THE ALAMO ALAMO SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS In many books about of the Alamo all said, The phrase "Remember the Alamo", an often misquoted reference to the 1836 battle, actually does very little to help us remember the real Alamo. Largely ignored are the years following the 1793 secularization of Mission San Antonio de Valero. Until recently, this period of the Alamo\'s history seemed doomed to remain hidden forever. The history of the Alamo begins long before 1836. It is the story of a thrivin
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  • The Right to Privacy
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  • None Provided
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  • A Brave New World by Aldus Huxley misc 12 00
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  • Absalom and Achitophel
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  • Analysis of the Hounds of Tindalos
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  • Analytical view of james joyces araby
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  • As I Lay Dying1
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