The Effects Of Alcohol On The Body Essay

This essay has a total of 1879 words and 10 pages.

The Effects Of Alcohol On The Body

The effects of alcohol on the body
Alcohol is one of many dangerous substances that effects our bodies. The effects of this
drug can be very harmful. Alcohol is a potent non-prescription drug sold to anyone over
the national legal drinking age, 21. Unlike other deadly drugs it is easy to access. This
makes it easy to over-consume and create a tragic accident, even death. It can damage a
person not only physically but also mentally and emotionally. Many people each year become
more and more addicted to alcohol and soon experience all of it's dangerous effects. Even
if alcohol use is discontinued, some of these damages can not be cured, because the scars
have been left on those that drink and those that surround them. The only hope of truly
avoiding the effects of alcohol is complete abstinence from the drug.

Alcohol counts for a large percentage of accidents and deaths among people of all gender,
and age each year. Every year alcohol is responsible for 1/2 of all murders, accidental
deaths, and suicides; 1/3 of all drowning, boating, and aviation deaths; 1/2 of all
crimes; and almost 1/2 of all fatal automobile accidents. ( December 4).

The amount of alcohol consumed by each gender differs.
Men are more likely to drink, and they drink more heavily than women, though in some cases
it is vice versa and this does not exclude women from being capable of drinking
heavily.( December 9). Whether it be a large or small
amount 89% of men and 85% of women consume some alcohol each year.
( December 10)

18% of men and 29% of women do not drink or drink less than once a month.
( December 10) Men consume 73% of all alcohol. 83% of the
top 10% of drinkers are male. ( December 10) On average
the top 5% of male drinkers consume the equivalent of 63 cans of beer a week.
( December 10)

On average the top 5% of female drinkers consume the equivalent of 25 cans of beer a week.
( December 10)

19% of male drinkers and 10% of female drinkers drink every day.
( December 10) Studies have shown that males are more
likely to drink as women, but women are not so far behind. Everyone experiences the
effects of alcohol, regardless of gender.

Everyone that consumes alcohol is effected differently. Some people have higher tolerance
levels. Some may have more food in their stomach than others.(Langone, Book 45) Food
becomes a big factor when you are drinking. (Langone, Book, 45) If you have a lot of food
in your stomach to absorb the alcohol, instead of it being absorbed into your blood
stream, then you won't be intoxicated as fast. (Langone, Book, 45) Weight can also
determine your tolerance and speed of intoxication(Langone, Book 45) Since our bodies are
70% water, alcohol is diluted some. A small person has less water for the alcohol to
dilute in than someone who is bigger. (Langone, Book 45) A single drink may even be all it
takes to impair judgment. ( November 27) Some people believe that by
becoming a "seasoned" drinker they are more tolerant to the alcohol they put into their
bodies.(Langone, Book, 85) However being a seasoned drinker does not make you use to
alcohol because you can become seriously impair by even the smallest quantities.(Langone,
Book, 85) The effects of alcohol is different among all people depending on size, weight,
time and amount of alcohol consumed.

The physical results of drinking alcohol can be life-threatening. Within moments of
ingestion, alcohol moves from the blood stream into every part of the body that contains
water. (Vasap.state/ November 30) This includes major organs like the brain,
lungs, kidneys, and heart. (Vasap.state/ November 30) Alcohol stimulates and
agitates, depresses and sedates, produces calmness and tranquillity, and begins a hypnotic
state of drowsiness and sleep. (Vasap.state/ November 30) Alcohol impairs your
judgment, and strongly affects motor skills, muscle function, reaction time, eyesight,
depth perception, and night vision.( Alcoholism." World Book Encyclopedia. 1997ed.
335-338.) As a drinker continues to drink, alcohol depresses lung and heart function,
slowing breathing and circulation.( Alcoholism." World Book Encyclopedia. 1997ed.
335-338.) Death can occur if alcohol completely paralyzes breathing.( Alcoholism." World
Book Encyclopedia. 1997ed. 335-338.) However, this state is seldom reached because the
body rejects

alcohol by vomiting. ( Alcoholism." World Book Encyclopedia. 1997ed. 335-338.) The results
are in many ways harmful to the body.

Alcohol effects many of our important internal organs. Our brain is one of those.
Alcohol effects the brain temporarily and permanently. (Langone,Book,99) Some effects on
the brain are, brain injury and memory loss. In some cases the drinker may not be good
with problem solving, judgment of even the smallest things, behavior, insight,
understanding or comprehending, pain or pleasure, co-ordination, and body functions.
(Langone,Book,99) Brain cells are also affected by alcohol carried by the blood stream
into the brain, like many other organs. (Langone,Book,99) (Langone pg 99 book) Alcohol
strongly disturbs the structure and function of the central nervous system, interrupting
the ability to retrieve and integrate information. ("Alcohol and Drug Consumption."
Encyclopedia Britannica Macropaedia. 1990ed.) Even small amounts if alcohol affect the
brains retrieving and processing abilities, while larger amounts interfere with the oxygen
supply to the brain. Blackouts, hallucinations, and extreme tremors may occur. ("Alcohol
and Drug Consumption." Encyclopedia Britannica Macropaedia. 1990ed.) The physical results
are almost alway permanent.

Alcohol can also effect other major organs such as the heart. In the heart it can cause
disturbances to heart rate. (Vasap.state/ November 30) If you have an existing
heart problem, it could even kill you or make you very sick. (Vasap.state/
November 30) Moderate daily drinking may be good for the heart, but for many the risks
outweigh the benefits. (Vasap.state/ November 30) Even one binge may produce
irregular heartbeats, and an alcohol abuser experience increased risk of high blood
pressure, heart attacks, heart arrhythmia, and heart disease. ("Alcohol and Drug
Consumption." Encyclopedia Britannica Macropaedia. 1990ed.) Alcohol may cause
cardiomyopathy (a disease of the heart muscle) ("Alcohol and Drug Consumption."
Encyclopedia Britannica Macropaedia. 1990ed.) It also puts you in great danger of heart
problems. ("Alcohol and Drug Consumption." Encyclopedia Britannica Macropaedia. 1990ed.)
Keeping clear of alcohol means avoiding any heart problems.

Alcohol also effects the kidneys, another major internal organ. When drinking alcohol
urination increases dues to changes in the hormone aldosterone. This is what regulations
water in the body. (Vasap.state/ November 30) So it is not uncommon to
experience an increase in the urge to urinate will intoxicated. (Vasap.state/
November 30)

The liver, however, is effected the most. Liver damage may occur in
three irreversible stages. (Vasap.state/ November 30) The first stage is called
Fatty Liver. This is where the liver cells are worked in with abnormal fatty tissue,
enlarging the liver. Second there is Alcoholic Hepatitis. Liver cells swell, become
inflamed, and die, causing blockage. Last, the more advanced alcoholic liver now has
Continues for 5 more pages >>