The Effects Of Thomas Paines Common Sense Essay

This essay has a total of 1635 words and 6 pages.

The Effects Of Thomas Paines Common Sense

The Effects of Thomas Paine's Common Sense

How important was it for America to gain its independence from England? Thomas Paine, an
English radicalist, thought that it was extremely important. Important enough to write a
pamphlet on why American Colonist should have independence. At the time, 1776, many
Americans felt the same way about Paine's view on independence, but never took any action
on it. Common Sense was published in 1776 as a way to engage people in certain political
issues at hand. It was written by Thomas Paine to show that a break with England was only
inevitable but justified. In Common Sense, Paine tries to convince people that the time
for debate was over and that it was now time for American Colonists to raise arms against
England. Paine tries to use a style of presenting this information that will not only
convince but inspire or motivate American Colonists and raise up against the king.

Thomas Paine divides Common Sense into four sections. First and second talking about how a
government should be set up, and why a monarchy is wrong and how the effects of hereditary
succession are negative. Paine starts the second half of the pamphlet on the natural
rights human beings have. He ends it by talking about the capabilities of America and how
the Colonists would be able to defeat Great Britain. Paine actually assumed an American
victory. Knowing that England was very powerful at the time, people were probably afraid
and thought that it would be impossible to overthrow the monarchy. It was definitely
reasonable for the Colonists to believe that this incredible feat of victory was in fact
impossible. Paine had to be pretty stinkin' bold to make an assumption of victory. The
hardest thing for Paine was probably not just convincing people to believe that a monarchy
was wrong and independence was a must, getting these people to raise arms. That, I would
argue, is the main reason for this pamphlet.

Thomas Paine's Common Sense brings awareness to the fact that the way of life for the
American Colonists was not true and natural. It calls the lovers of all mankind to their
duties as human beings to stand up for their natural rights. Common Sense was definitely
an effective piece of propaganda for encouraging American Colonists to raise arms against
Great Britain because of Paine's unique and bold style of writing, and his reasons for
gaining independence.

Thomas Paine thought the English Constitution to be extremely complicated and
contradictory. In the Constitution of England, there are supposed to be three powers that
have the ability of checking one another, the king, the peers and the commons. This is a
contradiction to the idea of a king because it gives commons the power to check the king,
which is absurd saying that the king cannot be trusted alone, and that the commons is more
knowledgeable than the king himself. On the same note this empowers afterwards the king to
check the commons. This says that the king is wiser than those in commons who were already
more intelligent than the king. This presents much confusion and ambiguity to the American
Colonists about the English Constitution. As if to show that them that the Constitution
and this idea of a king are not what some people may seem to believe they are. Paine shows
that the idea of a king is very ridiculous by using easy to understand words. He makes it
easy be stating, "The state of a king shuts him from the world, yet the business of a king
requires him to know it thoroughly." (Common Sense pg. 6). That statement shows that one
man could not possibly know how to govern a large body of people by himself. There is no
way that very many people will be satisfied with king's decisions. Paine's idea of a
government allows representatives from each state to speak to a congress on the behalf of
their community that is a smaller number of people. Therefore, more people will be happy
and satisfied. It is the idea that many people working together are better than one
working by himself.

Paine argues that having a king is not only a bad idea, but also wrong according to
Scripture. According to Scripture, monarchy is considered as one of the sins of the Jews.
The Jews asked Gideon to rule over them as well as his son and his son's son and so on.
This employs a hereditary kingdom. As I mentioned earlier that a king alone could not
govern his people properly, then how can one expect his son, who is much younger and more
naive, to do the same job. The Jews had committed the sin of idolatry, putting another
king before God, the King of Kings. Using the Scripture was a good way of getting people's
attention because many people, at the time, were deeply religious. The people were blinded
by the king's justification of divine right. Paine had to first had to state what was
wrong with England and its monarchy, and lead people to believe that things are not what
they seem before he could really start to encourage people to rebel. Paine says, "…the
Constitution of England is sickly because monarchy hath poisoned the republic, the commons
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