The English Patient Essay

This essay has a total of 2188 words and 9 pages.

The English Patient

A young Canadian nurse, a Sikh bomb disposal expert, a thief turned spy, and a man burnt
beyond recognition, meet in the last moments of the Second World War. The identity of the
patient is the heart of the story as he tells his memories of a doomed love affair in the
North African desert. Love and passion are set against the devastation of war in this
inspired novel by Canadian writer Michael Ondaatje.

It is a novel of revelation, and just as the identity of the English patient is slowly
revealed as the novel progresses, so are the inner selves and spiritual identities of the
other characters in the novel. Ondaatje writes his novel of discovery revealing things
only briefly and subtile. Indeed, such brief moments abounds in this novel, lighting up
the dark and melancholic landscape for a very brief period, but long enough to reveal
hints of the truth. The truth, however, is never fully known in this novel. It is almost
as if the novel is an exploration of the way we understand things and discover the truth.
People are always meeting in the dark, and the only way we can know them is through
casual, occasional bumps in that darkness.

The aim of this paper is to show the slow developement of the recognition of the
characters' identities with all it's frustrating, thrilling and surprising "truths" by
pointing out several important and significant passages. All the characters are governed
by questions of nation, language and identity; all are joined by their sense of being
illegitimate, in flight from patriarchy and imperial-nationalist identity. The four main
characters of the book - Hana, Caravaggio, The English Patient (Almasy), and Kip - each
have their own story to tell. Their plots intersect with each other, often without clearly
explaining why.


I will start with a general overview of the main characters and put special attention on
their identical background and misery, which each of them gives away just gradually along
the chapters. Later on I will go more into detail and explore the function and the
interpersonal relationship of the mysterious identity of the English patient not only as a
character but a general metaphor for mankind.


Finally I will draw a conclusion and present my invastigations made in this seminar paper.
With this paper I hope to show clearly that the contents of this book are strongly related
to the question of the self and the other and that identifying truth is a matter of
self-finding, which sometimes turns out to be work for a lifetime and which seems to roll
up mankind.


The term "identity"
In general we differentiate between two "kinds" of identity. On the one hand there is the
so called social identity, which stresses self-interpretation as a member of a certain
social group and on the other hand there is the personal identity, which puts it's
emphasis on individuality and distinctiveness. This distinction is widely known as
"patchwork-identity". Both identities are only a subgroup of many different subjectively
interpreted identities that everyone of us has innate.

"Life is made up of many windows and real life is only one of them."
The question is, which of these identities will I present, which of them will I develop
and how do I realize other persons' identities? In the novel "The English patient" both of
the above mentioned identities can be discovered within all the expressingly dynamic
characters. If we take Hana as a first example we might simply say that she is a canadian
nurse aiding injured soldiers during the second world war. This statement can be referred
to as social identity - it is the way Hana behaves within society. Her personal identity,
however, is much more subtile and not that easy, neither to discover, nor to understand.
The same, of course, applies to the other characters, especially to the English patient,
whose rediscovery of identity is the focus of this novel and mainly dealt with. His story
of identical background is told in flashbacks, as he has lost his memory after an air
crash in the middle of the Sahara and afterwards only gradually regains his mind again.
While he desperately makes an effort to remember everything, Hana and Caravaggio had
better forget their past. The young nurse admires her patient, although she does not know
anything about him - where he may come from, what his name is, who he actually is - he has
no identity. For her, the english patient is a ghost she is in love with, because his
spiritual charisma keeps her alive after she has lost her family and friends.


2) The Characters from the beginning on
a) Hana in the focus
The book begins with pages and pages of description of an unnamed character, a woman who
lives in an Italian deserted building, caring for a burnt man, we also do not know yet. We
finally learn, on page 32, that her name is Hana, the 20-year-old nurse. Hana seems
selfless, practicing just a series of devoted actions. The young nurse, without an
explained past, performs her nursing tasks on this dying man without an apparent physical
or historical identity in such an emational way that the reader may come to the conclusion
that the patient might be a very good friend of hers: "I love him. He is a saint. I think.
A despairing saint. Our desire is to protect them." (p.48) Later on we learn that her
beloved father and her boyfriend, both, have recently been killed in the war, and now the
solitude and passion for her patient helps her to deal with their death. Moreover, Hana
was pregnant and has recently had an abortion (p.83) and now feels she destroyed the
child. She strongly believes that a curse lies on her and her consuming love means death
because everyone she loves dies. She cuts off all her hair, discards her femininity in
grief. She longs to perform acts of reparation by nursing the English patient, who is
described as the ghost she is caring for (p.28).

The Allies are moving up the ankle of Italy and the Germans are in retreat. Hana has found
a beautiful Italian villa in which she can take care of the skinless man and embellish his
Continues for 5 more pages >>




  • All Quiet on the Westren Front
    All Quiet on the Westren Front All Quiet on the Western Front – Chapter SummaryBy: Jesse CodyAll Quiet on the Western Front is an anti-war novel from the opening chapters. Many critics of the novel in the early days after the publication of the novel blamed Remarque for writing for shock value. They did not want to believe his novel represented the truth about World War I. In many ways, such people were like Paul\'s schoolmaster, Kantorek. They wanted to cling to classical, romantic notions of w
  • None Provided1
    None Provided1 Vision and Movement When we discuss our brain, we usually focus on the brains ability to think. That task alone is extremely complex and involved, but the brain also has many other tasks. Most of the time the brain is on autopilot, meaning that most of the activities preformed are just automatic. Our five senses; sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell, are automatically preformed in our brains. We don\'t have to think about how something sounds, we just hear it and we then interpre
  • Mother Teresa
    Mother Teresa Mother Teresa was a wonderful woman and a great influence on the world today. She was born in 1910 in Macedonia with the name Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She was born into a family of deeply religious Catholics. Agnes felt she got the calling to work for God at the young age of fourteen. She joined the Loreto order and went to Bengal, India, to start her studies. In 1937, Agnes took her final vows to become a nun and has done much great work in the world since. Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was
  • None Provided3
    None Provided3 Mother Teresa was a wonderful woman and a great influence on the world today. She was born in 1910 in Macedonia with the name Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She was born into a family of deeply religious Catholics. Agnes felt she got the calling to work for God at the young age of fourteen. She joined the Loreto order and went to Bengal, India, to start her studies. In 1937, Agnes took her final vows to become a nun and has done much great work in the world since. Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu wa
  • Sir Isaac Newton1
    Sir Isaac Newton1 Sir Isaac Newton Jan 4 1643 - March 31 1727 On Christmas day by the georgian calender in the manor house of Woolsthorpe, England, Issaac Newton was born prematurely. His father had died 3 months before. Newton had a difficult childhood. His mother, Hannah Ayscough Newton remarried when he was just three, and he was sent to live with his grandparents. After his stepfather’s death, the second father who died, when Isaac was 11, Newtons mother brought him back home to Woolsthorpe
  • All Quiet On the Western Front Report
    All Quiet On the Western Front Report BARRON\'S BOOK NOTES ERICH MARIA REMARQUE\'S ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT ^^^^^^^^^^ERICH MARIA REMARQUE: THE AUTHOR AND HIS TIMES Born Erich Paul Remark on June 22, 1898, he grew up in a Roman Catholic family in Osnabruck in the province of Westphalia, Germany--a city in the northwest part of what is now West Germany. He adored his mother, Anna Maria, but was never close to his father, Peter. The First World War effectively shut him off from his sisters,
  • The slaughter house five
    The slaughter house five THE NOVEL - THE PLOT - Billy Pilgrim, like Kurt Vonnegut, was an American soldier in Europe in the last year of World War II. If you come to know a combat veteran well- a veteran of that war, of the Korean War, or of the war in Vietnam- you will almost always find that his war experience was the single most important event in his life. The sights and scars of war remain with the soldier for the rest of his days, and his memories of death and killing help to shape whateve
  • Aids and Society
    Aids and Society Brenden English Aids and Society The number of newborns infected by vertical transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus is increasing as the number of HIV-positive women increases within the United States. It is estimated that while seven thousand of the HIV-positive women become pregnant each year, between one thousand and two thousand of their newborns will be HIV-positive. The transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus from mother to child, the benefits of drugs i
  • CancerIs there an effective treatment
    CancerIs there an effective treatment Introduction Purpose One of the many complications with cancer is that there are so many different types. Currently, there are 112 types of cancer, and there is an estimated 80 more types of cancer that are undiscovered. (United States Cancer Rates…) That leads to as many different treatments as there are types of cancer. Figure 1, located after the Recommendations section, on page 8 displays the number of recorded cancer cases over the past 15 years. I prop
  • Three Cheers for John
    Three Cheers for John Jerel Thomas English 278 Dr. Sahni Three Cheers For John Modern day feminists’ enjoy looking into the past to find examples of female oppression. This tactic is employed in the hopes of demonstrating that oppression of their sex by the evil male populous has been going on for decades. One such work that is cited by feminists to showcase just how terrible women were treated in the first part of the twentieth century is Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper.” Femin
  • Catherine the Great
    Catherine the Great Throughout history, Russia has been viewed as a regressive cluster of barely civilized people on the verge of barbarism. In the eighteenth century, ideas of science and secularism grasped hold of Europe, and Russian Czars, realizing how behind Muscovite culture was, sought out this knowledge, attempting to imbed it into Russian society. Catherine II was one of these Czars. She listened to both the ideas of the philosophes and the problems of her people and strove to enlighten
  • Executive Orders
    Executive Orders Orders Issued by President Bill Clinton What are Executive Orders? Executive Orders are official documents, Executive numbered consecutively, through which the President of the United States manages the operations of the Federal Government. Some Executive Orders in the past have created new commissions, councils, task forces and committees; issued and allocated bonds; authorized permit issuance; etc. 40 Executive Orders issued by President Clinton Date Document Titles 1. 2000-12
  • Legalize it
    legalize it Scott Norris English 112 Shelia Bennett March 14, 2000 Legalize It No man should have control about something he or she did not create, but that God created. We have minds, and we will choose for ourselves, whether or not we like it. Marijuana has an excellent medical forte. Marijuana also has a very strong historical significance in the United States. It is now used and has been used for centuries for relieving and helping to cure illnesses. There are also many economical benefits f
  • AIDS A US Made Monster misc 12 00
    AIDS A US Made Monster misc 12 00 PREFACE In an extensive article in the Summer-Autumn 1990 issue of "Top Secret", Prof J. Segal and Dr. L. Segal outline their theory that AIDS is a man-made disease, originating at Pentagon bacteriological warfare labs at Fort Detrick, Maryland. "Top Secret" is the international edition of the German magazine Geheim and is considered by many to be a sister publication to the American Covert Action Information Bulletin (CAIB). In fact, Top Secret carries the Nami
  • Alternative Medicine Chiropractic
    Alternative Medicine Chiropractic Adrian Arbuckle Professor Gibbons English 1302-8456 25 May 2000 Alternative Medicine: Chiropractic Chiropractic is the third largest doctoral-level health profession in the United States, after medicine and dentistry. This form of health care is on the rise and there are more than forty thousand chiropractors in practice in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and many other nations. Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine commonly used and accepte
  • Asiatic Cholera
    Asiatic Cholera The disease known as Asiatic cholera first infiltrated Great Britain in 1831, with its arrival in Sunderland1. From there, it broke out in epidemic proportions through 1832. Three more epidemics would follow the 1832 outbreak, 1848, 1854, and 1866. Cholera is defined as an acute infectious disease, originated in India, characterized by profuse vomiting, cramps, etc.2 These epidemics killed numerous Brits and effected many more. Several reasons can be seen for the continued import
  • Reform in the Age of jackson
    Reform in the Age of jackson “From about 1825 until the outbreak of the civil war in 1861, the atmosphere in the nation was one of reform” (Boardman, 122). There were five major reform movements present in 19th century America. There was the Utopianism/Communitarian Movement, which established an ideal society away from present politics. Educational reforms were important in the fact of creating taxes to support the public school system, higher education for adults, and mandatory education and a
  • Euthanasia2
    Euthanasia2 Euthanasia Synopsis Euthanasia is used to describe the practice, which a doctor or other carer might undertake that might result in shortening a person’s life. This definition could include, withdrawing life-sustaining treatment or the administration of a lethal, non-therapeutic drug. The Greek meaning for euthanasia is “easy or happy death.” The practice of euthanasia has become illegal, and is recognized in no nation. Euthanasia continues to be regarded as contrary to humanitarian
  • AIDS A US Made Monster
    AIDS A US Made Monster PREFACE In an extensive article in the Summer-Autumn 1990 issue of "Top Secret", Prof J. Segal and Dr. L. Segal outline their theory that AIDS is a man-made disease, originating at Pentagon bacteriological warfare labs at Fort Detrick, Maryland. "Top Secret" is the international edition of the German magazine Geheim and is considered by many to be a sister publication to the American Covert Action Information Bulletin (CAIB). In fact, Top Secret carries the Naming Names co
  • English patient
    English patient The English Patient, directed by Anthony Minghella, is a romantic, melodramatic film which defines the art of cinematography. The internal and external rhythms, lighting, camera angles, lenses, music, dialogue, and editing are displayed in a way which conveys the meanings and themes to the viewer in such a clear and efficient manner. Due to this fine exhibition, it is of the belief that film schools should use this piece of artwork as a guide to students who wish to learn what ci
  • Euthanasia6
    euthanasia6 Euthanasia : for and against FOR: At any one time, over 10,000 patients in Canada are in a permanently vegetative State (Bender, 34). In addition, thousands of profoundly handicapped infants are born each year. As life- sustaining medical technology continues to improve and lengthen the process of dying, those numbers will steadily increase. This, along with several other factors, is why euthanasia should be legalized throughout the world. Allowing doctors to administer a lethal dose
  • Euthanasia6
    euthanasia6 Euthanasia : for and against FOR: At any one time, over 10,000 patients in Canada are in a permanently vegetative State (Bender, 34). In addition, thousands of profoundly handicapped infants are born each year. As life- sustaining medical technology continues to improve and lengthen the process of dying, those numbers will steadily increase. This, along with several other factors, is why euthanasia should be legalized throughout the world. Allowing doctors to administer a lethal dose
  • Marijana or Martinies
    Marijana or Martinies Nora Parker January 19, 2000 English 10, per 2 Marijuana Prohibition is a Violation of First Amendment Rights "Let me ask you something… if you had a choice, what would it be: Marijuana or Martinis?" This question appeared in the New York Times on Tuesday, May 12th, 1998. Due to the "Marijuana Tax Act" of 1937 the only legal choice that you and the 18 million other adults who used marijuana last year can make is the martini ("Against Drug Prohibition" ix). The legal accepta
  • Marijuana1
    marijuana1 Should Drugs Be Made Legal? For several decades drugs have been one of the major problems of society. There have been escalating costs spent on the war against drugs and countless dollars spent on rehabilitation, but the problem still exists. Not only has the drug problem increased but drug related problems are on the rise. Drug abuse is a killer in our country. Some are born addicts (crack babies), while others become users. The result of drug abuse is thousands of addicts in denial.
  • Marijuana1
    marijuana1 Should Drugs Be Made Legal? For several decades drugs have been one of the major problems of society. There have been escalating costs spent on the war against drugs and countless dollars spent on rehabilitation, but the problem still exists. Not only has the drug problem increased but drug related problems are on the rise. Drug abuse is a killer in our country. Some are born addicts (crack babies), while others become users. The result of drug abuse is thousands of addicts in denial.
  • Maxine Hong Kingston
    Maxine Hong Kingston Maxine Hong Kingston (27 October 1940-) Pin-chia Feng National Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan See also the Kingston entry in DLB Yearbook: 1980. BOOKS: The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts (New York: Knopf, 1976; London: John Lane, 1977); China Men (New York: Knopf, 1980); Hawaii One Summer: 1978 (San Francisco: Meadow Press, 1987); Through the Black Curtain (Berkeley: Friends of the Bancroft Library, University of California, 1987); Tripmaster Monkey: His Fa
  • Nostradamus1
    Nostradamus1 Nostradamus was a physician and astrologer that lived during the fourteenth century. His insights in to modern day occurrences have astounded millions, and it leaves them wondering about the translations of his prophecies that have not occurred yet, particularly his perspicacity about the end of the world. Nostradamus was born in Saint Remi, in southern France, and was raised as a Roman Catholic. He studied medicine in Montpellier, and started a practice about 1525. Soon after, he b
  • Obesity in america
    obesity in america Robert Chaplin English 111-B Mrs. Innes 10 April 2000 Obesity in America Although it has nothing to do with international boundaries or population size, it is the people of America who are expanding at the waistline. In the United States thirty three percent of the adult population are obese. One is considered obese if one is more then twenty percent over ideal body weight. The main cause of obesity in humans is the calorie. A calorie is a unit used to measure the energy value
  • One Flew Over The Cookoos Nest
    One Flew Over The Cookoos Nest Danielle Checchi English Rough Draft One Flew Over the Cookoo’s Nest is written by; This book is about several patients in a mental hospital who succeed in realizing the harm it caused them by an under cover patient MCMurphy. While reading this book you will begin to realize that the power shifts from the nurse; Ms. Ratched to a patient named MCMurphy in many different ways. MCMurphy breaks the rules, sticks up for the patients, and shows them that they are like an
  • Pain in the world
    pain in the world LIBERAL PARTY PLATFORM OVERVIEW OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL THE LIBERAL PLAN FOR THE FUTURE OF CANADA STRONG FINANCES · As of January 1, 2001, we will reduce the 29% top tax rate to 26% for incomes ranging from ,000 to 0,000, and we will eliminate the deficit reduction surtax. · In 2000, we reduced the 26% middle rate for those earning between ,000 and ,000 to 24%. As of January 1, 2001, we will reduce it further, to 22%. · As of January 1, 2001, we will reduce the bottom r
  • Physical therapists
    Physical therapists Physical Therapy A Physical Therapist (PT) is someone who helps another rehabilitate his or her bodies after an accident or disease that would disable one’s ability to function as well. A Physical Therapist makes it possible for people to function again therefore getting those people back into the world regularly. Physical therapists need to be skilled in many things. One of such skills is judgement and decision making. Some of the other skills Physical Therapists should have
  • Placebos
    placebos Why we need placebos English/ science By Jj walliss A placebo is defined as an inactive substance resembling a medication, given for psychological effect or as a control in evaluating a medicine believed to be active. However the placebo only fits this description under the restraints it has been given by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which refers to the placebo as an investigational new drug. In actuality, up until the present much of medicine was built on placebos. "Not very
  • Reflective Essay
    Reflective Essay November 8, 1999 English 100 -Reflective Essay What were the motives behind choosing a major in nursing? What have been the reasons behind these reasons? When I look back, it seems like I\'ve always wanted to pursue such a career due to my mother who was and still is in such a profession. I remember, ever since the seventh grade, my plans of being a successful registered nurse. I can still remember my seventh grade project. It was to write about where I saw myself ten years into
  • Reflective Essay
    Reflective Essay November 8, 1999 English 100 -Reflective Essay What were the motives behind choosing a major in nursing? What have been the reasons behind these reasons? When I look back, it seems like I\'ve always wanted to pursue such a career due to my mother who was and still is in such a profession. I remember, ever since the seventh grade, my plans of being a successful registered nurse. I can still remember my seventh grade project. It was to write about where I saw myself ten years into
  • Sports and Agression
    Sports and Agression Sports and Aggression A Research Paper Presented to -------- at -------------------------------------- In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for English 12A By ------------------------ Period 1 March 27, 2000 Do sports create aggressive behavior, or simply attract people who are already aggressive? Aggression and sport have gone together as long as sports have been around, be it the players themselves, to the parents, coaches, or spectators, they just seem to be an inse
  • The case for canibus
    the case for canibus The Case for Cannabis Solomon Hafer 11/28/99 Mrs. Pappas English 10 D Legalization of marijuana offers both benefits, and disadvantages. The medical benefits of marijuana have been researched and proven to aid patients with glaucoma and some forms of cancer. Other benefits include: fewer people in prison and fewer social problems for the users because they get help instead of jail time. The big question remains: all out legalization or legalization for medical use, or decrim
  • The plague By albert camus
    the plague By albert camus Ramon Arreola English 100 2/22/00 The Plague written by Albert Camus tells the story of a city gripped by a deadly disease. The story takes place in the desert town of Oran, Algeria, in northern Africa. The city suffers from extremes of weather conditions. In the summer, the heat forces the inhabitants “to spend those days of fire indoors, behind closed shutters.” The shutters are closed just as the people of the town turn themselves off from there neighbors. The main
  • Women Madness and Oppression or Perspectives of Ma
    Women Madness and Oppression or Perspectives of Madness in Womens Literature Madness need not be all breakdown. It may also be break-through. It is potential liberation and renewal as well as enslavement and existential death. --Fiorello La Guardia, Politics of Experience What a weak barrier truth is when it stands in the way of a hypothesis. --Mary Wollstoncraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women Whom the Gods destroy they first make mad. --Euripides Much madness is divinest sense To a disce
  • Girl Interrupted
    Girl Interrupted Shoshana Ubertini English 101C 21 November 2000 Girl Interrupted Have you ever watched a movie and then found out it was created from a book? That’s what happened to me, I saw the movie Girl Interrupted, starring Winona Ryder and Angelina Jolie. I then heard that it was made from a book itself. So for this assignment, I decided to read the book and compare and contrast it from the movie. The movie, Girl Interrupted is about an eighteen-year-old girl, named Susanna Kaysen. She sp
  • Cognitive psychology
    Cognitive psychology Introduction Language processing and production seem to involve many areas of the brain (Garrett, 1995). Using positron emission tomography (PET), Howard, et al (1992) were able to identify a number of physically separate brain structures that become active during various language processing tasks. They found that physically discrete areas are responsible for auditory and visual word recognition and that these areas are separate from those involved in either word comprehensi
  • Mozart Effect and Music Therapy
    Mozart Effect and Music Therapy History of Music Therapy Although it is only in recent times that scientists have started to document the effects of music, the qualities of music were understood even in earliest times. Evidence suggests that dance and song preceded speech, which means that music is the original language of humans. Researcher\'s have found that about two-thirds of the inner ear\'s cilia resonate only at the higher frequencies that are commonly found in music (3,000 - 20,000 Hz).
  • Theory of career development
    Theory of career development Theory of career development Marie Doxey There are many ways to develop theories of career development. Mainly the ideas result from personal experience including but not limited to sociological, economic, family life and environmental conditions. Other reasons why people make career decisions rely on personality and inner self. There are many theories to refer to but as our world changes everyday in many ways so does career development. As we become aware of those c
  • Anesthetics
    Anesthetics Anesthesia is a partial or complete loss of sensation or feeling induced by the admin- istration of various substances. For many decade, people have used one form of an anesthetic during surgical procedures. Some people also use some of these anesthetics as recreational drugs, e.g. laughing gas (a.k.a. Nitrous Oxide). The term anesthetic literally means "without feeling". There are many different types of anesthesia, but they are usually put into three groups. These groups are gene-
  • Anitbiotic resistant bacteria
    Anitbiotic resistant bacteria Almost 60 years ago the first antibiotics were developed, and they were created at a time when previously untreatable infections such as tuberculosis, gonorrhea, and syphilis could be almost miraculously cured. Infections like these could be a death sentence, and until recently they many be just that again. Microbes are learning the ability to fight of these antibiotics and become resistant to them. They are gaining resistance through a number of different ways, and
  • Anorexia Nervosa A Complex Disorder Both
    Anorexia Nervosa A Complex Disorder Both Anorexia Nervosa: A Complex Disorder Both Psychologically and Nutritionally by Jamie Stone Introduction Eating disorders are a cause for serious concern from both a psychological and a nutritional point of view. They are often a complex expression of underlying problems with identity and self concept. These disorders often stem from traumatic experiences and are influenced by society=s attitudes toward beauty and worth (Eating Disorder Resource Center, 19
  • Forensics
    Forensics Forensics is defined as the aplication of science to interpret clues for crime investigation. The earliest forensic scientists were physicianswho were called upon to give an opinion as to the cause of death in individuals. Now most of the forensic scientists are investigators that pick up clues at the crim scene. Because criminals often are not the brightest people on the planet they often do not plan out a burglary or theft and carelessly leave behind distict clues that allow an invet
  • Placebos
    placebos Why we need placebos English/ History By Jj wallis A placebo is defined as an inactive substance resembling a medication, given for psychological effect or as a control in evaluating a medicine believed to be active. However the placebo only fits this description under the restraints it has been given by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which refers to the placebo as an investigational new drug. In actuality, up until the present much of medicine was built on placebos. "Not very l
  • Career Review Pharmacist
    Career Review Pharmacist Introduction On the surface, daily routines of Pharmacists may appear to be rather simplified and involves little work hazard and responsibilities. As pharmacists dispense prescribed drug and medicine by doctors or dentists, they may provide assistance to those who seeks help with non-prescribed products. This is a correct yet very generalized view of pharmacist, this career interacts with many different industries. As an example, technology plays key role for pharmacist
  • Cultural Barriers within Healthcare
    Cultural Barriers within Healthcare According to Health Resources Services Administration, sixty-five to seventy-five percent of all patients seen in a non-profit healthcare clinic live below the poverty level. Providing effective health care to low income families requires an understanding of the potential cultural barriers, which may be faced. These barriers include social, language, religion, and technological issues. The majority of our patients from foreign cultures are Hispanic or Asian. D
  • Euthanasia2
    Euthanasia2 Alex Rourke Rourke 1 Mrs. E. Teague English 110 1 May 1999 Euthanasia The origin of the word \'euthanasia\' comes from the Greek -- eu, "good," and thanatos, "death," meaning literally, "good death." But the word "euthanasia" has acquired a more complex meaning in modern times. It is generally taken nowadays to mean doing something about achieving a good death. Suicide, self-deliverance, auto-euthanasia, aid-in-dying, assisted suicide -- call it what you like -- can be justified by t