The Great Gatsby7

This essay has a total of 1599 words and 8 pages.

The Great Gatsby7

Gatsby’s Hopes and Dreams for his Future
The Great Gatsby by F.Scott Fitzgerald is recognized in American Literature as one of his
greatest achievements. Many of Fitzgerald’s works research the Jazz-Age for the single
American dream of happiness and wealth (Poupard, Person 146). “Critics concur that The
Great Gatsby rises above being a mere chronicle of a past American era, and most believe
that the novel’s continued popularity demonstrates modern America’s fascination with the
American dream” (Poupard, Person 147). In this book Fitzgerald uses Gatsby to compare the
real American dreamer with what has become of the American society in the 1920’s. During
the 1920’s America was unable to fulfill dreams and expose the blindness in Jazz-Age
Americans. “The Great Gatsby is an exploration of the American dream as it exists in a
corrupt period, and it is an attempt to determine the concealed boundary that divides the
reality from the illusions” (Bewley 38). Jay Gatsby is a builder as well as a dreamer,
and Gatsby puts his all into figuring out his “ethical dream” (Minter 82).

The Great Gatsby was written in a poor society with no moral virtues. Dreamers in a
healthy society are respected and encouraged. However, in the twenties these people
weren’t treated with the respect they deserved. “Gatsby’s dream divides into three basic
and related parts: the desire to repeat the past, the desire for money, and the desire for
incarnation of ‘unutterable visions’ in the material earth” (Lockridge 11). In The Great
Gatsby, Jay Gatsby will do anything to fulfill his hopes and dreams. Gatsby does not
fulfill his hopes and dreams in his lifetime.

No one knows where Gatsby comes from, what he does, or how he has become so wealthy. But
in the middle of the novel Nick Carraway, the narrator discovers that Gatsby was born Jay
Gatz in North Dakota. Gatsby also tell Carraway about his schooling. Gatsby says, “I am
the son of some wealthy people in the middle – west – all dead now. I was brought up in
America but educated at Oxford because all my ancestors have been educated there for many
years. It is a family tradition” (Fitzgerald 69). Gatsby also worked for a millionaire
named Dan Cody. Cody is a gold miner, in Nevada. He becomes a millionaire through hard
work, and a little luck. Cody illustrates the annihilation of the dreamer. While Gatsby
is training to be an officer he falls in love with a woman named Daisy. She is a sardonic
and cynical person. Gatsby falls in love with Daisy for her youth and her vitality. He
also worshiped her social position, wealth, and

popularity. Daisy promised to wait for Gatsby till he came back from war but she didn’t.
The reason Daisy wanted to wait to marry Gatsby was because he didn’t have a lot of money.
Gatsby believes that he has a destiny with Daisy. In the course of the novel Carraway
also finds that Gatsby earned his fortune through illegal criminal activity such as

Jay Gatz is a misfit in this society. Gatz is an extremely wealthy man living in a large
residence in West Egg, New York. Gatz tries to fit into this world by purchasing
expensive cars; high fashion garments, and furnishes his house with costly objects.
Gatsby is known for his extravagant parties on Saturday nights. Gatsby has these parties
in hope that he will make friends rather that just acquaintances. At those parties
Gatsby’s house is full of parasites, busybody’s, and fools. However, he died alone.
Nobody came to his funeral to pay respects to him and his father. However Jay Gatz will
never become one of “them”.

Gatsby is one of the richest men in New York. It has taken Gatsby almost five years to
become a rich man. The reason Gatsby did this was to try and win Daisy over. Gatsby
appears to be a flawed man, dishonest and vulgar. Nevertheless, Gatsby is “great” because
of his optimism and how he changes his dreams into a reality. Gatsby shows his optimism
by taking his dream of being rich and turning it into a reality. He also shows optimism
by trying to do what ever is necessary to try and win Daisy

Buchanan. Even though Gatsby doesn’t succeed in his dream of Daisy he never gives up trying.
The main part of Gatsby’s dreams deal with the past and the future. “Gatsby, unlike the
other Fitzgerald heroes, sacrifices his life on the alter of his dream, unaware that it is
composed of the ephemeral stuff of the past”(Miller 20). Gatsby proves this by the
criminal activities he was involved in. He sacrifices his life for the “love of his
life”, Daisy. Gatsby will go to any length to win this young woman that he is in love
with. “Thus the American dream, whose superstitious valuation of the future began in the
past, gives the green light through which alone the American returns to his traditional
roots, paradoxically retreating into the pattern of history while endeavoring to exploit
the possibilities of the future” (Bewley 48). Gatsby doesn’t return to his roots, he
continues on living a life that isn’t “real”. No matter what happen to him, Gatsby stays
in West Egg and continues living his life and trying to fit in. He hopes his future will
be brighter than his past was.

“But the essence of the American Dream whose tragedy Gatsby is enacting is that it lives
in a past and a future that never existed, and is helpless in the present that
does”(Bewley 50). Gatsby lives in the past but strives for the future. However Gatsby
doesn’t have a bright future. As for Gatsby’s present, it also doesn’t look promising.
He has lost the one thing

that meant anything to him, which was the love of his life, Daisy to another man. Gatsby
tries too much to impress his “friends” by having parties and

spending money on frivolous items but he still remains an outcast in society.
Gatsby’s dreams also includes money and love. “His own dream of wealth meant nothing in
itself; he merely wanted to buy back the happiness he had lost – Daisy, now the rich man’s
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