The Great Pyramid

This essay has a total of 1442 words and 7 pages.

The Great Pyramid

Outline


Thesis Statement: The Great Pyramid is a mystery to the modern age, even though its
purpose; uses, history, and condition have challenged explorers for centuries it will
always be considered one of the greatest wonders of the world.

1. Why was the Great Pyramid built?
A. Who built the Great Pyramid?
B. Why was it built?
C. Comparative theories.
2. What was the Great Pyramid used for?
A. Religious uses.
B. Astronomical uses.
C. Environmental uses.
3. How was the Great Pyramid built?
A. Workers.
B. Dimensions.
C. Surrounding community.






Why the Great Pyramid of Giza was built is a question that has been challenging
archeologists, philosophers, and historians for hundreds of years. What we do know is that
the Egyptians built it during the fourth dynasty under the rule of King Khufu in the area
known as Giza. (i) The amount of people that it took to build such a massive structure has
been the subject of dispute for hundreds of years. The Greek historian Herodotus believed
that it took one hundred thousand workers over a twenty-year period to build the great
pyramid, but recent archaeologists using modern calculations believe that the pyramid was
built by four thousand primary laborers and sixteen to twenty thousand secondary workers
but also over a twenty year time period. (ii)

There are many competing theories on why the great pyramid was built, none of them are
definite but all of them are interesting. Many other pyramids have been built in the
Middle East but none of the same stature. Other pyramids have been found to be burial
chambers for various kings and pharaohs, but the Great Pyramid contained no burial
remnants even though its essential design is the same as other pyramids, even containing
special chambers for a king and a queen. (iii) Modern day scientists have discovered many
interesting correlations between the location and dimensions of the Great Pyramid, that
relate to the earth, the stars, and the seasons. (iv)

Several controversies have risen over the last hundred years about the reasons for the
building of the Great Pyramid. Some theories believe that the Great Pyramid was built by
or aided by alien beings because of the precise nature of its location and dimensions.
While others believe that, the pyramid represented a symbol of ultimate power for the
king. There are those who think the pyramid was a temple or an astrological observatory.
As well as some who think it was just a big sundial to tell of the time and change of
seasons. Some theorists also believe that it may have been a combination of all these
things. (v)

According to Egyptian and Sumerian mythology, there was a battle between two families of
gods for supremacy and control over the ancient lands and the pyramids of Giza were
strategic strongholds for the gods. (vi) The different shafts and chambers of the great
pyramids are said to point to various constellations that represent several Egyptian gods.
(vii) It is also thought by some that the pyramid may have been a place where Egyptians
made a pilgrimage to honor the gods or their pharaoh who, according to legend was a
descendent of the gods. (viii)

Scientists have discovered that in the ceiling of the grand gallery the thirty-six ceiling
stones were individually removable. Because of this, it is believed that during the
construction of the pyramid it could have been used as a stellar observatory. They have
also noticed unusual facts, such as the descending passage of the pyramid pointed to the
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